Yreka Fish and Wildlife Office
Pacific Southwest Region
HeaderImage
Contact Us
Fisher and Marten Literature

If you are unable to access any of the information contained on our site, please contact us. Your request will be referred to the appropriate program for assistance. Please indicate the nature of the accessibility need, your preferred format (electronic format, print, etc.) the web address of the requested material, and your full contact information so we can reach you if questions arise while fulfilling your request.

Our contact mailing address:

U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service
Yreka Fish and Wildlife Office
1829 S. Oregon Street
Yreka, California 96097
Phone: 530-842-5763
Fax: 530-842-4517
Email: yreka@fws.gov


Information presented on this website does not imply any official U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service endorsement of the opinions or ideas expressed therein, or guarantee of the validity of the information provided.  Individual document content is solely the authors’ responsibility.  

Our attempt is to provide a comprehensive list of references for fisher and marten, as well as, provide a location to access documents that may be difficult to obtain. Documents will be provided (upon author approval and within USFWS copyright restriction guidelines).  This list of references and associated links below is a work in progress; we acknowledge there are errors within.  We appreciate your patience in this ongoing, time consuming process and welcome your assistance in providing corrections.  Please contact scott_yaeger@fws.gov with relevant citations (or documents) that may be missing, corrections, and/or approvals to post your work.

A  B  C  D  E  F  G  H  I  J  K  L  M  N  O  P  Q  R  S  T  U  V  W  X  Y  Z

A

Abbott, J. B. 1945. Fur-Bearing dynamite--the fisher. Pennsylvania Game News 16(2): 4-5.

Adair, W. A. 2003. Modeling habitat quality for American martens in western Newfoundland, Canada. DAI-B 64:1019-1468.

Addison, E. M., Strickland, M. A., Stephenson, A. B. and Hoeve, J. (1988). Cranial lesions possibly associated with Skrjabingylus (Nematoda: Metastrongyloidea) infections in martens, fishers, and otters. Canadian Journal of Zoology 66(10): 2155-2159.

Allen, A. W. (1983). Habitat suitability index models: Fisher. US Fish and Wildlife Service Biological Report 82.

Anderson, E. (1994). Evolution, Prehistoric distribution, and Systematics of Martes. 13-25.

Anderson, K. H. (1963). Statewide wildlife investigations: Fur resources study.

Anderson, E. 1970. Quaternary evolution of the genus martes (Carnivora, mustelidae). ACTA Zoologica Fennica 130: 1-132.

Apps, C. (1995). East Kootenay fisher reintroduction habitat feasibility assessment. Cranbrook, British Columbia, Canada: B.C. Ministry of Environment.

Arthur, S. M. (1987). Ecology of Fishers in south-central Maine. UNIV. OF MAINE.

Arthur, S. M. (1988). An evaluation of techniques for capturing and radio collaring Fishers Wildlife Society Bulletin 16(4): 417-421.

Arthur, S. M., R. A. Cross, T. F. Paragi, B. K. William. 1992. Precision and utility of cementum annuli for estimating ages of Fishers. Wildlife Society Bulletin 20:402-405.

Arthur, S. M. and Krohn, W. B. 1991. Activity patterns, movements, and reproductive ecology of fishers in south central Maine. Journal of Mammalogy 72(2): 379-385.

Arthur, S. M., Krohn, W. B. and Gilbert, J. R. (1989). Habitat use and diet of Fishers. Journal of Wildlife Management 53(3): 680-688.

Arthur, S. M., Krohn, W. B. and Gilbert, J. R. 1989. Home range characteristics of adult fishers. Journal of Wildlife Management 53:674-679.

Arthur, S. M., Krohn, W. B. and Paragi, T. F. (1989). Fishers and Forests. 259.

Arthur, S. M., Paragi, T. F. and Krohn, W. B. (1993). Dispersal of juvenile Fishers in Maine. Journal of Wildlife Management 57(4): 868-874 | 868.

Ashbrook, F. G., and K. B. Hanson. 1930. The normal breeding season and gestation period of martens. Washington, D.C., USDA: 1-6.

Aubry, K. B. (1997). Remote camera survey to detect the presence of fishers in southwestern Oregon:sampling protocol. 13. Olympia: USDA Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station.

Aubry, K. B. and Houston, D. B. (1992). Distribution and status of the Fisher (Martes Pennanti) in Washington. Northwestern Naturalist 73(3): 69-79.

Aubry, K. B. and Houston, D. B. (1992). Distribution and status of the Fisher in Washington. Northwest Science 66(2): 125.

Aubry, K. B. and Jagger., L. A. (2006). The importance of obtaining verifiable occurrence data on forest carnivores and an interactive website for archiving results from standardized surveys. In Martes in carnivore communities: 30. Santos-Reis, M., Proulx, G., Birks, J. D. S. and O’Doherty, E. C. (Eds.). Sherwood Park: Alpha Wildlife Publications.

Aubry, K. B. and Lewis, J. C. (2003). Extirpation and reintroduction of fishers (Martes pennanti) in Oregon: implications for their conservation in the Pacific states. Biological Conservation 114(1): 79-90.

Aubry, K. B. and Raley, C. M. (2002). Ecological characteristics of fishers in the southern Oregon Cascade Range. Final progress report: 1 June 2002. Olympia, Washington, USA: USDA Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station.

Aubry, K. B. and Raley, C. M. (2006). Ecological Characteristics of Fishers (Martes Pennanti) in the Southern Oregon Cascade Range. 31. Olympia: USDA Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station, Olympia Forestry Sciences Laboratory, 3625 93rd Ave. SW, Olympia, WA 98512.

Aubry, K. B. and Raley, C. M. (2006). Ecological characteristics of fishers (Martes pennanti) in the southern Oregon Cascade Range.  Update: July 2006. 30. UDSA Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station, Olympia, WA, USA.

Aubry, K. B., Raley, C. M., Catton, T. J. and Tomb, G. W. (1999). Ecological characteristics of fishers in southwestern Oregon. Progress report: 1 January - 31 December 1998. Olympia, Washington, USA: USDA Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station.

Aubry, K. B., Wisely, S. M., Raley, C. M. and Buskirk, S. W. (2004). Zoogeography, spacing patterns, and dispersal in fishers: insights gained from combining field and genetic data. In Martens and fisher (Martes) in human-altered environments: an international perspective: 201-220. Harrison, D. J. and Fuller, A. K. (Eds.). New York, New York, USA: Springer Science+Business Media.


B

Badry, M. J. (1995). Habitat use by fishers (Martes pennanti) in the aspen parkland of Alberta. University of Alberta.

Badry, M. J., Proulx, G. and Woodard, P. M. (1997). Home-range and habitat use by fishers translocated to the aspen parkland of Alberta. 233-251.

Baghli, A., Engel, E. and Verhagen, R. (2002). Feeding habits and trophic niche overlap of two sympatric Mustelidae, the polecat Mustela putorius and the beech marten Martes foina. Zeitschrift fur Jagdwissenschaft 48(4): 217-225.

Bailey, V. 1936. The mammals and life zones of Oregon. North American Fauna No. 55. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Bureau of Biological Survey.

Baines, D., Moss, R. and Dugan, D. (2004). Capercaillie breeding success in relation to forest habitat and predator abundance. Journal of Applied Ecology 41(1): 59-71.

Baldwin, R. A., and L. C. Bender. 2008. Distribution, occupancy, and habitat correlates of American marten (Martes americana) in Rocky Mountain National Park, Colorado. Journal of Mammalogy 89:419-427.

Balser, D. S., and W. H. Longley. 1966. Increase of the fisher in Minnesota. Journal of Mammalogy 47:547-550.

Banci, V. (1989). A fisher management strategy for British Columbia. 130. Victoria: Ministry of Environment.

Barkalow, F. S., Jr. (1961). The porcupine and fisher in Alabama Archeological sites. Journal of Mammalogy 41(3): 409-410.

Batcheller, G. R. (2001). Fisher in New York: another wildlife success story. 2-5.

Baudvin, H., Jouaire, S., Baudvin, H. and Jouaire, S. (2003). Les causes de mortalite chez les chouettes hulottes adultes Strix aluco dans quelques forets de Bourgogne. [Causes of death of adult tawny owls Strix aluco in some forests of the Burgundy.]. Alauda 71(2): 221-226.

Bayne, E. M. and Hobson, K. A. (1997). Temporal patterns of predation on artificial nests in the southern boreal forest. Journal of Wildlife Management 61(4): 1227-1234 | 1227.

Bayne, E. M. and Hobson, K. A. 1999. Do clay eggs attract predators to artificial nests? Journal of Field Ornithology 70:1-7.

Bayne, E. M., Hobson, K. A. and Fargey, P. (1997). Predation on artificial nests in relation to forest type: contrasting the use of quail and plasticine eggs. Ecography 20(3): 233-239.

Beckwitt, E. (1990). Petition for a rule to list the fisher as endangered. North San Juan, California, USA: Sierran Biodiversity Project.

Beheler, A. S., Fike, J. A., Dharmarajan, G., Rhodes, O. E., Jr. and Serfass, T. L. (2005). Ten new polymorphic microsatellite loci for North American river otters (Lontra canadensis) and their utility in related mustelids. Molecular Ecology Notes 5(3): 602-604.

Belan, I., P. N. Lehner, and T. Clark. 1978. Vocalizations of the American pine marten, Martes americana. Journal of Mammalogy 59:871-874.

Belant, J. L. (1991). Immobilization of Fishers (Martes pennanti) with Ketamine Hydrochloride and Xylazine HydrochloriideI. Journal of Wildlife Diseases 27(2): 328-330.

Belant, J. L. 1992. Field immobilization of American Martens (Martes americana) and short-tailed weasels (Mustela erminea). Journal of Wildlife Diseases 28:662-665.

Belant, J. L. (2003). Comparison of 3 tracking mediums for detecting forest carnivores. Wildlife Society Bulletin 31(3): 744-747 | 744.

Belant, J. L. (2003). A hairsnare for forest carnivores. Wildlife Society Bulletin 31(2): 482-485 | 482.

Bell, T. A. (1952). The Muskrat in Wyoming: Proper management of a valuable fur resource demands legislative action. Wyoming Wildlife 16(12): 4-11.

Ben-David, M., R. W. Flynn, and D. M. Schell. 1997. Annual and seasonal changes in diets of martens: evidence from stable isotope analysis. Oecologia 111.

Berg, W. E. (1982). Reintroduction of fisher, pine marten and river otter. In Midwest furbearer management: 159-175. Sanderson, G. C. (Ed.) Bloomington, Illinois, USA: North Central Section of the Wildlife Society.

Berg, W. E. and David, W. K. (1994). Demography and range of Fishers and American Martens in a changing Minnesota landscape. 262-271.

Berg, W. E. and DonCarlos, M. (1996). Fisher and marten management in Minnesota. 127.

Beyer, K. M. and Golightly, R. T. (1996). Distribution of Pacific fisher and other forest carnivores in coastal northwestern California. Arcata, California, USA: Humboldt State University.

Birks, J. D. S., Messenger, J. E. and Halliwell, E. C. (2005). Diversity of den sites used by pine martens Martes martes: a response to the scarcity of arboreal cavities? Mammal Review 35(3-4 | 3/4): 313-320.

Blanchard, H. (1964). Weight of a large Fisher. Journal of Mammalogy 45(3): 487-488.

Boise, C. M. (1975). Skull measurements as criteria for aging Fishers. New York Fish and Game Journal 22(1): 32-37.

Boroski, B. B., Golightly, R. T., Mazzoni, A. K. and Sager, K. A. (1998). Fisher research and the Kings River Sustainable Forest Ecosystem Project: Current results and future efforts. In Symposium on the Kings River Sustainable Forest Ecosystem Project. Verner, J. (Ed.) Clovis, CA: USDA Forest Service, Pacific Southwest Research Station.

Boudreau, M. (1998). Nova Scotia's fisher. Nova Scotia Trappers Newsletter (34).

Bourne, J. (1997). Midsize carnivores are losing ground. In Defenders:The conservations magazine of Defenders of Wildlife: 14-21.

Bowman, J., Donovan, D. and Rosatte, R. C. (2006). Numerical response of Fishers to synchronous prey dynamics Journal of Mammalogy 87(3): 480-484.

Bowman, J. and Robitaille, J. F. (2005). An assessment of expert-based marten habitat models used for forest management in Ontario. The Forestry Chronicle 81(6): 801-807.

Bradt, G. W. (1947). Wolverine, marten, fisher. Michigan Conservation 16(7): 4.

Brainerd, S. M. and Rolstad, J. (2002). Habitat selection by Eurasian pine martens Martes martes in managed forests of southern boreal Scandinavia. Wildlife Biology 8(4): 289-297.

Brander, R. B. and Brooks, D. J. (1973). Return of the fisher. Natural History 82(1): 52-57.

Broekhuizen, S., Dijkstra, V. A. A. and Muskens, G. J. D. M. (2000). Remarkable wandering of a male pine marten Martes martes. [Opmerkelijke omzwerving van een boommartermannetje Martes martes.]. Lutra 43(2): 118-123.

Broekhuizen, S. and Muskens, G. J. D. M. (2000). Utilization of rural and suburban habitat by pine marten Martes martes and beech marten M. foina: species-related potential and restrictions for adaptation. Lutra 43(2): 222-227.

Broekhuizen, S. and Wijsman, H. J. W. (2000). Gaps in knowledge about the pine marten Martes martes in relation to protection policy and management. [Lacunes in de kennis over de boommarter met betrekking tot beheer en beleid.]. Lutra 43(2): 240-247.

Brooks, R. T. (1996). Assessment of two camera-based systems for monitoring arboreal wildlife. Wildlife Society Bulletin 24(2): 298-300 | 298.

Brown, M. K. and Gary, R. P. (1982). Fisher management in New York-preliminary results. Transactions of the Northeast Section of the Wildlife Society 39: 21.

Brown, M. K. and Gary, R. P. (1983). Movement of a male fisher in southern New York. New York Fish and Game Journal 30(1): 114-115.

Brown, M. K. and Will, G. (1979). Food habits of the Fisher in northern New York. New York Fish and Game Journal 26(1): 87-92.

Brown, R. N., Gabriel, M. W., Matthews, S., Higley, J. M., Wengert, G. and Foley, J. E. (2005). Pathogens associated with Pacific fishers (Martes pennanti) in northwestern California: Implications for trapping and translocation. A preliminary report to the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.

Brown, R. N., Gabriel, M. W., Matthews, S., Higley, J. M., Wengert, G. and Foley, J. E. (2006). Pathogens associated with Pacific fishers (Martes pennanti) in northwestern California - final report. United State Fisher and Wildlife Service, Yreka, California, USA.

Brown, R. N., Gabriel, M. W., Matthews, S., Higley, J. M., Wengert, G. and Foley, J. E. (In Press). Fecally transmitted pathogens associated with Pacific fishers (Martes pennanti) in northwestern California. Transactions of the Western Section of The Wildlife Society.

Bryant, H. N., McGillivray, W. B. and Bartlett, W. B. (1997). Skeletal morphometrics of fishers from Alberta: Sexual size dimorphism and age-class comparisons. 40-58.

Buck, S. G. (1982). Habitat utilization by fisher (Martes pennanti) near Big Bar, California. 85. Arcata, California, USA: Humboldt State University.

Buck, S. G., Mullis, C. and Mossman, A. S. (1979). A radio-telemetry study of fishers in northwestern California. Cal-Neva Wildlife Transactions: 166-172.

Buck, S. G., Mullis, C. and Mossman, A. S. (1983). Corral Bottom-Hayfork Bally fisher study: Final report. 138. Arcata, California, USA: Humboldt State University, USDA Forest Service.

Buck, S. G., Mullis, C., Mossman, A. S., Show, I. and Coolahan, C. (1994). Habitat use by fishers in adjoining heavily and lightly harvested forest. In Martens, sables, and fishers: biology and conservation: 368-376. Buskirk, S. W., Harestad, A. S., Raphael, M. G. and Powell, R. A. (Eds.). Ithaca, New York, USA: Cornell University Press.

Bull, E. L. (2000). Seasonal and sexual differences in American marten diet in northeastern Oregon. Northwest Science 74(3): 186-191.

Bull, E. L., Aubry, K. B. and Wales, B. C. (2001). Effects of Disturbance on Forest Carnivores of Conservation Concern in Eastern Oregon and Washington Northwest Science 75(Suppl): 180-184.

Bull, E. L. and Blumton, A. K. (1999). Effect of Fuels Reduction on American Martens and Their Prey. 12. La Grande: United States Department of Agriculture Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station.

Bull, E. L. and Heater, T. W. (2000). Resting and denning sites of American martens in northeastern Oregon. Northwest Science 74(3): 179-185.

Bull, E. L. and Heater, T. W. (2001). Home range and dispersal of the American Marten in northeastern Oregon. Northwestern Naturalist 82(1): 7-11.

Bull, E. L. and Heater, T. W. (2001). Survival, causes of mortality, and reproduction in the American Marten in northeastern Oregon. Northwestern Naturalist 82(1): 1-6.

Bull, E. L., Heater, T. W. and Shepherd, J. F. (2005). Habitat selection by the American marten in northeastern Oregon. Northwest Science 79(1): 37-43.

Bull, E. L., and R. S. Holthausen. 1992. Comparison of 3 techniques to monitor marten. Wildlife Society Bulletin 20.

Buskirk, S. W. (1994). Introduction to the Genus Martes. 1-10.

Buskirk, S. W. (2000). "The conservation status of New World mustelids". 41-52.

Buskirk, S. W., Alton, S. H., Martin, G. R. and Roger, A. P. (1994). Martens, Sables, and Fishers: Biology and conservation. Comstock Publishing Associates.

Buskirk, S. W. and Powell, R. A. (1994). Habitat ecology of fishers and American martens. In Martens, sables and fishers: biology and conservation: 283-296. Buskirk, S. W., Harestad, A. S., Raphael, M. G. and Powell, R. A. (Eds.). Ithaca, New York, USA: Cornell University Press.

Buskirk, S. W. and Zielinski, W. J. (2003). Small and mid-sized carnivores. In Mammal community dynamics: management and conservation in the coniferous forests of western North America: 207-249. Zabel, C. J. and Anthony, R. G. (Eds.). Cambridge University Press.


C

Cadot, M. (1978). Two tracks diverged. New Hampshire Audubon Annual: 15-22.

California Department of Fish and Game (2002). Species information report for fisher. In California's Statewide Wildlife Habitat Relationships System - Version 8. Sacramento, California, USA.

California Department of Fish and Game (2003). California Natural Diversity Database: Full condensed report for Pacific fisher. Sacramento, California, USA.

Campbell, L. A., Zielinski, W. J. and Macfarlane, D. C. (2000). A risk assessment for four forest carnivores in the Sierra Nevada under proposed Forest Service management activities. 131. USDA Forest Service: Sierra Nevada Framework Project.

Cannings, S. G., Ramsay, L. R., Fraser, D. F. and Fraker, M. A. (1999). Fisher Martes pennanti. In Rare amphibians, reptiles, and mammals of British Columbia: 198. Victoria: Wildl. Branch and Resour. Inv. Branch, B.C. Ministry Environ., Lands and Parks,.

Carlson, B. L. and Svend, W. N. (1985). Thyroid adenoma and ovarian luteinzation in an aged Fisher(Martes pennanti). Journal of Wildlife Diseases 21(3): 320-324.

Carlson, B. L. and Vito, G. S. (1984). Dracunculus insignis in Fishers in New Hampshire. American Veterinary Medical Association Journal 185(11): 1327.

Carlton, D. C. (1994). Petition for a rule to list the fisher, Martes pennanti, as "threatened" in the western United States under the Endangered Species Act, 16 U.S.C. Sec 1531 et seq. (1973) as amended. Boulder, Colorado, USA: Biodiversity Legal Foundation.

Carney, S. M. (1950). Fisher research study: Final report.

Carr, D. (2005). Genetic Structure of a Recolonizing Population of Fishers (Martes pennanti). In Watershed Ecosystems Graduate Program: 61. Peterborough: Trent.

Carr, D., J. Bowman, and P. J. Wilson. 2007. Density-dependent dispersal suggests a genetic measure of habitat suitability. Oikos 116:629-635.

Carr, D., J. Bowman, C. J. Kyle, S. M. Tully, E. L. Koen, J.-F. Robitaille, and P. J. Wilson. 2007. Rapid homogenization of multiple sources: Genetic structure of a recolonizing population of fishers. Journal of Wildlife Management 71(6):1853-1861.

Carroll, C., Noss, R. and Slauson, K. (1998). The Klamath-Siskiyou Ecoregion: case study for focal species analysis. Wild Earth 8(4): 86-87.

Carroll, C., Noss, R. F. and Paquet, P. C. (2001). Carnivores as focal species for conservation planning in the Rocky Mountain Region. Ecological Applications 11(4): 961-980.

Carroll, C., Noss, R. F. and Strittholt, J. R. (1998). The wolf as a focal species for regional conservation planning: a reintroduction feasibility study for the Klamath Region. In ("Proceedings of the Defenders of Wildlife's Restoring the Wolf Conference held November 12-14, 1998 in Seattle, Washington: 9-76.

Carroll, C., Zielinski, W. J. and Noss, R. F. (1999). Using presence-absence data to build and test spatial habitat models for the fisher in the Klamath Region, U.S.A. Conservation Biology 13(6): 1344-1359.

Carroll, C. R. (1997). Predicting the distribution of the fisher (Martes pennanti) in northwestern California, USA, using survey data and GIS modeling. 162. Corvallis, Oregon, USA: Oregon State University.

Carroll, C. R. 2005. Reanalysis of regional fisher suitability including survey data from commercial forests in the redwood region. US Fish and Wildlife Service.

Carroll, C. R., Zielinski, W. J. and Noss, R. F. (1999). Using presence/absence data to build and test spatial habitat models for the fisher in the Klamath region, USA. Conservation Biology 13(6): 1344-1359.

Center for Biological Diversity. 2008. A petition to list the Pacific fisher (Martes pennanti) as an endangered or threatened species under the California Endangered Species Act.

Cherepak, R. B. (1994). Reproductive physiology of captive female and male Fishers(Martes pennanti).

Choiniere, J. (1999). Fisher forests: now you see them, now you don't. 3-5.

Clem, M. (1975). Interspecific relationship of Fisher (Martes pennanti) and Marten (Martes americana) in Ontario during winter. American Society of Mammalogists Special Publications 55: 16-19.

Clem, M. K. (1977). Food habits, weight changes, and habitat selection of fisher during winter. Guelph, Ontario, Canada: University of Guelph.

Clem, M. K. (1977). Interspecific relationship of Fishers and Martens in Ontario during winter. In Proc 1975 Predator Symposium, University of Montana, Missoula: 65-182 | 165-182.

Clevenger, A. P. (1996). A matter of taste. Wildlife Conservation 99(5): 46-51.

Clevenger, A. P., Chruszcz, B. and Gunson, K. (2001). Drainage culverts as habitat linkages and factors affecting passage by mammals. Journal of Applied Ecology 38(6): 1340-1349.

Cole, P. J. and Proulx, G. (1994). Leghold trapping: a cause of serious injuries to fishers. Martes Working Group Newsletter 2: 14-15.

Cottrell, W. (1978). The Fisher (Martes pennanti) in Maryland Journal of Mammalogy 59(4): 886.

Coulter, M. W. (1952). Big game and fur-bearing animals of Maine.

Coulter, M. W. (1960). The status and distribution of Fisher in Maine. Journal of Mammalogy 41(1): 1-9.

Coulter, M. W. (1966). The ecology and management of Fishers in Maine. SYRACUSE UNIVERSITY.

Craig, R. E. and Borecky, R. A. (1976). Metastrongyles (Nematoda: Metastrongyloidea) of Fisher (/Martes pennanti/) from Ontario. Canadian Journal of Zoology 54(5): 806-807.

Criley, M. (2001). Road impacts on the weasel family, mustelidae.

Crowley, S. K., Krohn, W. B. and Paragi, T. F. (1990). A comparison of Fisher reproductive estimates. Transactions of the Northeast Section of the Wildlife Society 47: 36-42.

Crowley, S. K., Krohn, W. B. and Paragi, T. F. (1991). A comparison of fisher recruitment estimates. In Northeast Section of the Wildlife Society: 36-42.

Cumberland, R. E., Dempsey, J. A. and Forbes, G. J. (2001). Should diet be based on biomass? Importance of larger prey to the American marten. Wildlife Society Bulletin 29(4): 1125-1130 | 1125.


D

Dagg, A. I., Leach, D. and Summer-Smith, G. (1975). Fusion of the Distal femoral Epiphysis in male and female Marten and Fisher. Canadian Journal of Zoology 53(11): 1514-1518.

Daniel, M. J. (1959). Organ weight-body weight interrelations in the family Mustelidae (Order Carnivora). UNIV. OF BRITISH COLUMBIA.

Dark, S. J. (1997). A landscape-scale analysis of mammalian carnivore distribution and habitat use by fisher. Arcata, California, USA: Humboldt State University.

David, B. C. and Hamilton, W. J. (1957). The forest, the fisher, and the porcupine. Journal of Forestry 55: 719-722.

Davis, C. S. and Strobeck, C. (1998). Isolation, variability, and cross-species amplification of polymorphic microsatellite loci in the family Mustelidae. Molecular Ecology 7(12): 1776-1778.

Davis, F. W., C. Seo, and W. J. Zielinski. 2007. Regional variation in home-range-scale habitat models for fisher (Martes pennanti) in California. Ecological Applications 17:2195-2213.

Davis, L. 2003. Stand level habitat use by furbearer species in the Anahim Lake area of British Columbia. 47. DWB Forestry Services Ltd.

Davis, M. H. (1978). Reintroduction of the Pine Marten into the Nicolet National Forest, Wisconsin. UNIV. OF WISCONSIN.

Davison, A., Birks, J. D. S., Brookes, R. C., Braithwaite, T. C. and Messenger, J. E. (2002). On the origin of faeces: Morphological versus molecular methods for surveying rare carnivores from their scats. Journal of Zoology 257(2): 141-143.

Davison, R. P. (1975). The efficiency of food utilization and energy requirements of captive female Fishers. University of New Hampshire.

Davison, R. P., Mautz, W. W., Hayes, H. H., Holter, J. B., Davidson, R. P. and et al. (1978). The efficiency of food utilization and energy requirements of captive female Fishers. Journal of Wildlife Management 42(4): 811-821 | 811.

Dereus, E. G. (1957). Fur resources survey: Determine range and distribution (District No. one).

deVos, A. (1951). Overflow and dispersal of marten and fisher from wildlife refuges. Journal of Wildlife Management 15(2): 164-175.

deVos, A. (1951). Recent findings in fisher and marten ecology and management. In 16th North American Wildlife Conference: 498-507.

deVos, A. (1952). The ecology and management of Fisher and Marten in Ontario. UNIV. OF WISCONSIN.

Dick, T. A., Kingscote, B., Strickland, M. A. and Douglas, C. W. (1986). Sylvatic Trichinosis in Ontario, Canada. Journal of Wildlife Diseases 22(1): 42-47.

Dick, T. A. and Leonard, R. D. (1979). Helminth Parasites of Fisher Martes pennanti (Erxleben) from Manitoba, Canada. Journal of Wildlife Diseases 15: 409-412.

Dijkstra, V. A. A. (2000). Use of tree cavities in the National Park `Veruwezoom' by pine marten Martes martes. [Het gebruik van boomholten op de veluwezoom door de boommarter Martes martes.]. Lutra 43(2): 171-184.

Dilworth, T. G. (1974). Status and distribution of Fisher and Marten in New Brunswick. Canadian Field-Naturalist 88(4): 495-498.

Dix, L. M. and Strickland, M. A. (1986). Use of tooth radiographs to classify Martens by sex and age. Wildlife Society Bulletin 14(3): 275-279 | 275.

Dix, L. M., Strickland, M. A., Bowyer, R. T., Jenks, J. A. and Clark, A. G. (1986). Sex and age determination for Fisher using radiographs of canine teeth: A Critique. Journal of Wildlife Management 50(2): 275-276 | 275,272.

Dixon, D. G. 1925. A closed season needed for fisher, marten and wolverine. California Fish and Game 11:23-25.

Dodds, D. G. and Arthur, M. M. (1971). The recent status of the fisher, Martes pennanti pennanti (Erxleben), in Nova Scotia. Canadian Field-Naturalist 85(1): 62-65.

Dodds, D. G. and Martell, A. M. (1971). The recent status of the fisher, Martes pennanti (Erxleben), in Nova Scotia. Canadian Field Naturalist 85: 62-65.

Douglas, C. W. and Strickland, M. A. (1987). Fisher. In Wild furbearer management and conservation in North America: 511-529. Novak, M., Baker, J. A., Obbard, M. E. and Malloch, B. (Eds.). Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources and the Ontario Trappers Association.

Doyle, B. (2006). Fishering. High Country News 38(4): 23.

Drew, R. E., Hallett, J. G., Aubry, K. B., Cullings, K. W., Koepf, S. M. and Zielinski, W. J. (2003). Conservation genetics of the fisher (Martes pennanti) based on mitochondrial DNA sequencing. Molecular Ecology 12: 51-62.

Dubey, J. P. (1982). Sarcocystis and other coccidia in foxes and other wild carnivores from Montana. American Veterinary Medical Association Journal 181(11): 1270-1271.

Dubinin, E. A. and Valentsev, A. S. (2003). On the population structure of the Kamchatka Sable. Russian Journal of Ecology 34(5): 344-349.

Dyer, H. J. (1948). Preliminary plan for wildlife management on Baxter State Park. Journal of Forestry: 478.

Dykstra, C., Warnke, D. K. and Michael, W. M. (1992). Fisher seen climbing Bald Eagle nest-tree: 25 June 1992, Bayfield County. Passenger Pigeon 54(3): 237-238.

Dzialak, M. R. and Serfass, T. L. (2003). Effects of flumazenil on fishers Martes pennanti restrained with tiletamine-zolazepam. Wildlife Biology 9(3): 235-239.

Dzialak, M. R., Serfass, T. L. and Blankenship, T. L. (2001). Reversible chemical restraint of fishers with medetomidine-ketamine and atipamezole. Journal of Wildlife Management 65(1): 157-163 | 157.


E

Eadie, W. R. and W.J. Hamilton, J. (1958). Reproduction in the fisher in New York. New York Fish and Game Journal 5: 77-83.

Earle, R. D. (1978). The Fisher-Porcupine relationship in upper Michigan. MICHIGAN TECHNOLOGICAL UNIV.

Earle, R. D. and Kramm, K. R. (1982). Correlation Between Fisher and Porcupine Abundance in Upper Michigan. American Midland Naturalist 107(2): 244-249.

Elsey, C. A. (1950). Abundance of certain mammals of the Geraldton Forest District, Ontario. Canadian Field-Naturalist 64(5): 159-163.

Erdman, T. C., Brinker, D. F., Jacobs, J. P., Wilde, J., Meyer, T. O. and et al. (1998). Productivity, population trend, and status of northern goshawks, Accipiter gentilis atricapillus, in northeastern Wisconsin. Canadian Field-Naturalist 112(1): 17-27.

Erickson, A. B. (1946). Incidence of worm parasites in Minnesota mustelidae and host lists and keys to North American species. American Midland Naturalist 36(2): 494-509.


F

Faccio, S. D. (1992). Activity patterns and habitat selection of reintroduced Fishers in northwest Connecticut.

Farber, S., and S. Criss. 2006. Cooperative Mesocarnivore Surveys for the Upper and West Fork of Beaver Creek watersheds in interior Northern California. Prepared for: U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Yreka Field Office.

Farber, S., T. Franklin, and C. McKnight. 2008. Evaluation of fisher (Martes pennanti) distribution in the eastern Klamath Province of interior Northern California. Unpublished report. Timber Products Company; 130 Phillipe Lane, Yreka, California, 96097.

Fecske, D. M. and Jenks, J. A. (2002). Dispersal by a male American marten, Martes americana. Canadian Field-Naturalist 116(2): 309-311.

Fecske, D. M., Jenks, J. A. and Smith, V. J. (2002). Field evaluation of a habitat-relation model for the American marten. Wildlife Society Bulletin 30(3): 775-782 | 775.

Fenske-Crawford, T. J. and Niemi, G. J. (1997). Predation of artificial ground nests at two types of edges in a forest-dominated landscape. Condor 99(1): 14-24.

Folliard, L. (1997). Discovery of an accidental trap for Pacific fishers. The Marten: newsletter of the California North Coast Chapter of The Wildlife Society 2(2): 7.

Fontana, A. J., Teske, I. E., Pritchard, K. and Evans, M. (1999). East Kootenay fisher reintroduction program final report, 1996-1999. Cranbrook, British Columbia, Canada: Ministry of Environment, Lands, and Parks.

Foresman, K. R. and Pearson, D. E. (1998). Comparison of proposed survey procedures for detection of forest carnivores. Journal of Wildlife Management 62(4): 1217-1226 | 1217.

Fornasari, L., Bani, L., Bonfanti, I., de Carli, E. and Massa, R. (2000). "A spatial analysis of mustelid distributions in northern Italy". 201-215.

Forsey, E. S. and Baggs, E. M. (2001). Winter activity of mammals in riparian zones and adjacent forests prior to and following clear-cutting at Copper Lake, Newfoundland, Canada. Forest Ecology and Management 145(3): 163-171.

Fowler, C. H. and Golightly, R. T. (1994). Fisher and marten survey techniques on the Tahoe National Forest. Arcata: US Forest Service Redwood Sciences Lab.

Freel, M. (1991). A literature review for management of the marten and fisher on National Forests in California. USDA Forest Service, Pacific Southwest Region.

Froelich, K., Czupalla, O. and Fickel, J. (2000). Canine distemper in free-ranging carnivores from Germany.

Frost, H. C. (1994). Reproductive biology of captive fishers. University of Maine.

Frost, H. C. and Krohn, W. B. (1994). Capture, care, and handling of Fishers (Martes Pennanti). Maine Agricultural Experiment Station Technical Bulletin (157).

Frost, H. C. and Krohn, W. B. (1997). Factors Affecting the Reproductive Success of Captive Female Fishers. 100-109.

Frost, H. C., Krohn, W. B., Bezembluk, E. A., Lott, R. and Wallace, C. R. (2005). Prenatal development in fishers (Martes pennanti). Theriogenology: an international journal of animal reproduction 63: 1440-1453.

Frost, H. C., Krohn, W. B. and Wallace, C. R. (1997). Age-specific reproductive characteristics in fishers. Journal of Mammalogy 78(2): 598-612 | 598.

Frost, H. C., York, E. C., Krohn, W. B., Elowe, K. D., Decker, T. A., Powell, S. M. and Fuller, T. K. (1999). An evaluation of parturition indices in fishers. Wildlife Society Bulletin 27(1): 221-230 | 221.

Fryxell, J., Falls, J. B., Falls, E. A., Brooks, R. J., Dix, L. and Strickland, M. (2001). Harvest dynamics of mustelid carnivores in Ontario, Canada. Wildlife Biology 7: 151-159.

Fuller, A. K. and Harrison, D. J. (2005). Influence of partial timber harvesting on American martens in north-central Maine. Journal of Wildlife Management 69(2): 710-722.

Fuller, T. K., York, E. C., Powell, S. M., Decker, T. A. and DeGraaf, R. M. (2001). An evaluation of territory mapping to estimate fisher density. Canadian Journal of Zoology 79(9): 1691-1696.


G

Gabriel, M. W., Wengert, G. M., Brown, R. N., Higley, J. M. and Foley, J. E. (2006). Survey of Disease Exposures among Mesocarnivores Sympatric with a Pacific Fisher Population in Northern California: A Preliminary Report  20. Yreka, California: Integral Ecology Research Center.

Garant, Y. and Creteˆte, M. (1999). Prediction of water, fat, and protein content of fisher carcasses. Wildlife Society Bulletin 27(2): 403-408 | 403.

Garant, Y. and Crete, M. (1997). Fisher, Martes pennanti, home range characteristics in a high density untrapped population in southern Quebec. Canadian Field-Naturalist 111(3): 359-364.

Gerhold, R. W., Howerth, E. W. and Lindsay, D. S. (2005). Sarcocystis neurona-associated meningoencephalitis and description of intramuscular sarcocysts in a fisher (Martes pennanti). Journal of Wildlife Diseases 41(1): 224-230.

Gerstenberger, S. L., Gilbert, J. H. and Dellinger, J. A. (1996). Environmental contaminants and cholinesterase activity in the brain of fisher (Martes pennanti) harvested in northern Wisconsin. Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology 56(6): 866-872.

Gibilisco, C. J. (1994). Distributional dynamics of modern Martes in North America. 59-71.

Gilbert, F. F. (1981). Assessment of furbearer response to trapping devices. 1599-1611.

Gilbert, J. H. and Keith, L. B. (2001). Impacts of reestablished fishers on bobcat populations in Wisconsin. In Symposium on current bobcat research and implications for management: 18-31. Woolf, A., Nielson, C. K. and Bluett, R. D. (Eds.). Nashville, Tennessee, USA: The Wildlife Society 2000.

Gilbert, J. H., Wright, J. L. and et al. (1997). Den and rest-site characteristics of American marten and fisher in northern Wisconsin. 135-145.

Gill, C. and Kings River, T. (1997). Kings River sustainable forest ecosystem project. US FOR SERV FOR RES WEST: 15-22.

Giuliano, W. M., John, A. L. and Clark, L. S. (1989). Prey secection in relation to Sexual Dimorphism of Fishers (Martes Pennanti) in New Hampshire. Journal of Mammalogy 70(3): 639-641.

Goldman, F. A. (1935). New American mustelids of the genera Martes, Gulo, and Lutra. In Biological Society of Washington.

Golightly, R. T. (1997). Fisher (Martes pennanti): ecology, conservation, and management. In Mesocarnivores of northern California: biology, management, and survey techniques: 7-16. Harris, J. and Ogan, C. (Eds.). Arcata, California, USA: The Wildlife Society, California North Coast Chapter.

Golightly, R. T., T. F. Penland, W. J. Zielinski, and J. M. Higley. 2006. Fisher diet in the Klamath/North Coast Bioregion. Unpublished report, Department of Wildlife, Humboldt State University, Arcata, California.

Goodwin, G. G. (1947). The Carnivores--Part II--Raccoons and their allies. Audubon Nat Bull 4.

Gosse, J. W., Cox, R., Avery, S. W. and Grosse, J. W. (2005). Home-range characteristics and habitat use by American martens in Eastern Newfoundland. Journal of Mammalogy 86(6): 1156-1163.

Goszczynski, J. and Posluszny, M. (2003). Hunting activity and scent marking of home range by martens (Martes sp.) during the winter season. [Aktywnosc lowiecka i znakowanie arealu przez kuny Martes sp. w okresie zimowym.]. Folia Forestalia Polonica (45): 37-45.

Gould, G. I. (1987). Nongame Wildlife Investigations: Forest Mammal Survey and Inventory. 11. California Dept. of Fish and Game.

Graham, M. A. and Russell, W. G. (1990). Holocene records of Martes Pennanti and Martes Americana in Whiteside County, northwestern Illinois. American Midland Naturalist 124(1): 81-92.

Graham, R. W. and Graham, M. A. (1994). The late quaternary distribution of Martes in North America. In Martens, sables, and fishers: biology and conservation: 26-58. Buskirk, S. W., Harestad, A. S., Raphael, M. G. and Powell, R. A. (Eds.). Ithaca, New York, USA: Cornell University Press.

Grassman, L. I., Tewes, M. E., Silvy, N. J. and Grassman L L, Jr. (2005). Ranging, habitat use and activity patterns of binturong Arctictis binturong and yellow-throated marten Martes flavigula in north-central Thailand. Wildlife Biology 11(1): 49-57.

Green, R. E. (2006). Distribution and habitat associations of forest carnivores and an evaluation of the California Wildlife Habitat relationship model for American marten in Sequoia and Kings Canyon National Parks_Draft. In Department of Natural Resources. Arcata: Humboldt State University.

Greenwald, D. N., Carlton, J. and Schneider, B. (2000). Petition to list the fisher (Martes pennanti) as an endangered species in its west coast range. Tucson, Arizona, USA: Center for Biological Diversity.

Grenfell, W. E. and Fasenfest, M. (1979). Winter food habits of fisher (Martes pennanti) in northwestern California. California Fish and Game 65(3): 186-189.

Griffin, K. A. and Frederick, F. G. (1993). Heart rate of Fishers (Martes Pennanti) during exercise. Journal of Mammalogy 74(2): 285-290.

Grubbs, D., Boroski, B. B., Purcell, K. and Mazzoni, A. (2002). Habitat use by fishers in the southern Sierra Nevada.: 6. Fresno: CSU Fresno.


H

Hagmeier, E. M. (1952). A contribution to the classification and phylogeny of the Marten, Subgenus Martes, Pilel, of North America, with special reference to those of British Colombia. UNIV. OF BRITISH COLUMBIA.

Hagmeier, E. M. (1955). The Genus Martes (Mustelidae) in North America. UNIV. OF BRITISH COLUMBIA.

Hagmeier, E. M. (1956). Distribution of marten and fisher in North America. Canadian Field Naturalist 70: 149-168.

Hagmeier, E. M. (1959). A reevaluation of the subspecies of fisher. Canadian Field Naturalist 73: 185-197.

Halfpenny, J. C., Thompson, R. W., Morse, S. C., Holden, T. and Rezendes, P. (1995). Snow Tracking.

Hall, E. R. (1942). Gestation period in the Fisher with recommendations for the animal's protection in California. California Fish and Game 28(3): 143-147.

Hamilton, G. T. (1957). Resurgence of the fisher in New Hampshire. Appalachia 23(485-490).

Hamilton Jr, W. J., Cook, A. H. and Hamilton, W. F. J. (1955). The biology and management of the fisher in New York. New York Fish and Game Journal 2(1): 13-35.

Hamm, K. A., Diller, L. V., Klug, R. R. and McDonald, T. L. (2003). Spatial independence of fisher (Martes pennanti) detections at track plates in northwestern California. American Midland Naturalist 149(1): 201-210.

Harding, L. E. (2004). Environmental Contaminants in Wild Martens (Martes americana) and Wolverines (Gulo luscus). Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology 73(1): 98-105.

Hardisky, T. S., (ed.) (2001). Synopsis of the final report of fisher reintroduction in Pennsylvania by Dr. Thomas L. Serfass. Pennsylvania Game Commission Bureau of Wildlife Management.

Hardy, M. (1902). The Fisher. Forest and Stream 68(18): 692-693.

Hargis, C. D. (1981). Winter habitat utilization and food habits of Pine Martens in Yosemite National Park. UNIV. OF CALIFORNIA.

Hatler, D. F., Badry, M. and Beal, A. M. M. (2003). Management guidelines for furbearers in British Columbia: Fisher (Martes pennanti). In British Columbia Trappers Association Trapper Education Training Manual. British Columbia Ministry of Land, Water, and Air Protection.

Haydon, D. T. and Fryxell, J. (2004). Using knowledge of recruitment to manage harvesting. Ecology 85(1): 78-85.

Hayes, G. E. and Lewis, J. C. (2006). Washington State recovery plan for the fisher: Draft. 69. Olympia, Washington: Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife, Wildlife Program.

Heinemeyer, K. S. (1993). Temporal dynamics in the movements, habitat use, activity, and spacing of reintroduced fishers in northwestern Montana. 158. Missoula, Montana, USA: University of Montana.

Heinemeyer, K. S. and Jones, J. L. (1994). Fisher biology and management in the western United States: a literature review and adaptive management strategy. Version 1.2. 108. USDA Forest Service Northern Region and Interagency Forest Carnivore Working Group.

Heinrich, R. E. and Biknevicius, A. R. (1998). Skeletal allometry and interlimb scaling patterns in mustelid carnivorans. Journal of Morphology 235(2): 121-134.

Helldin, J. O. (2000). Population trends and harvest management of pine marten Martes martes in Scandinavia. Wildlife Biology 6(2): 111-120.

Heran, I. (1970). Anomalies in the position of lower teeth in the fisher, Martes pennanti Erxl. (Mammalia: Mustelidae). Canadian Journal of Zoology 48: 1465.

Herzog, C. J., R. W. Kays, J. C. Ray, M. E. Gomper, W. J. Zielinski, R. Higgins, and M. Tymeson. 2007. Using Patterns in Track-Plate Footprints to Identify Individual Fishers. Journal of Wildlife Management 71(3):955–963.

Higley, J. M. and Matthews, S. (2006). Demographic rates and denning ecology of female Pacific fishers (Martes pennanti) in northwestern California:Preliminary report October 2004 - July 2006. 14. Hoopa: Hoopa Valley Tribe.

Higley, J. M., Yaeger, J. S., Colegrove, A. B., Pole, A. J. and Whitaker, D. A. (1998). Hoopa Valley Indian Reservation fisher study - progress report. Hoopa, California, USA: USDI Bureau of Reclamation, USDI Bureau of Indian Affairs, and Hoopa Valley Tribe.

Hiltz, M., Roy, L. D. and Hillz, M. (2001). Use of anaesthetized animals to test humaneness of killing traps. Wildlife Society Bulletin 29(2): 606-611 | 606.

Hodgson, R. G. (1937). Fisher farming. Fur Trade Journal of Canada  Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

Holmes, T., Jr. (1989). Sexual Dimorphism in North American weasels with a phylogeny of the Mustelidae. Univ. Kans.

Holmes, T. and Roger, A. P. (1994). Morphology, ecology, and the evolution of sexual dimorphism in North American Martes. 72-84.

Hosoda, T., Sato, J. J., Shimada, T., Campbell, K. L., Suzuki, H. and Baker, C. S. (2005). Independent Nonframeshift Deletions in the MC1R Gene Are Not Associated with Melanistic Coat Coloration in Three Mustelid Lineages. Journal of Heredity 96(5): 607-613.

Hosoda, T., Suzuke, H., Harada, M., Tsuchiya, K., Han, S.-H., Zhang, Y.-p., Kryukov, A. P. and Lin, L.-K. (2000). Evolutionary trends of the mitochondrial lineage differentiation in species of genera Martes and Mustela. Genes & Genetic Systems 75(5): 259-267.

Hunter, J. E. and Bond, M. L. (2001). Residual trees: wildlife associations and recommendations. Wildlife Society Bulletin 29(3): 995-999 | 995.


I

Idaho Department of Fish and Game, Nez Perce Tribe and Sawtooth National Forest (1995). Habitat conservation assessments and strategies for forest carnivores in Idaho. 58.

Ingram, R. (1973). Wolverine, fisher, and marten in central Oregon. Salem, Oregon, USA: Oregon State Game Commission.

Integral Ecology Research Center. 2008. Pathogens associated with fishers (Martes pennanti) and sympatric mesocarnivores in California. Final Report submitted to USFWS Yreka, California, 13 May 2008.

Irvine, G. W., Magnus, L. T. and Bradle, B. J. (1964). The restocking of fishers in lake state forests. In North American Wildlife and Natural Resources Conference: 307-315.

Ivan, J. S. and Foresman, K. R. (2000). Effectiveness of covered track plates for detecting American marten. Intermountain Journal of Sciences 6(4): 381.


J

Jacobson, J. E., Lewis, J. C. and Snyder, M. C. (2003). Assessment of Fisher Habitat in Washington State:Tier 1 Refinement and Tier 2 Final Report. 34. Olympia: Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife.

Jansman, H. A. H. and Broekhuizen, S. (2000). Do the local Dutch pine marten populations form parts of a metapopulation? Potentials of molecular analysis. [Vormen de lokale Nederlandse populaties van de boommarter Martes martes een metapopulatie? Mogelijkheden voor moleculair DNA-onderzoek.]. Lutra 43(2): 101-107.

Jenks, J. A., Alan, G. C. and Bowyer, R. T. (1986). Sex and age determination for Fisher using radiographs of canine teeth: A response. Journal of Wildlife Management 50(2): 277-278.

Jenks, J. A., Bowyer, R. T., Alan, B. C. and Clark, A. G. (1984). Sex and age-class determination for Fisher using radiographs of canine teeth. Journal of Wildlife Management 48(2): 626-628 | 626.

Jensen, W. F., Robinson, W. L., Arduser, M. S. and Jones, S. L. (1983). Observations of Fisher (Martes Pennanti) and their tracks in Pictured Rocks National Lakeshore, Michigan. Jack-Pine Warbler 61(4): 99.

John, J. and Madhukumar (2002). Hunting attempt by Nilgiri marten Martes gwatkinsi Horsfield, family Mustelidae, in Periyar Tiger Reserve, Kerala. Bombay Natural History Society Journal 99(2): 286.

Johnson, S. A. (1984). Home range, movements, and habitat use of fishers in Wisconsin. 78. Stevens Point: University of Wisconsin.

Johnson, W. A. and Todd, A. W. (1985). Fisher, Martes Pennanti, behavior in proximity to human activity. Canadian Field-Naturalist 99(3): 367-369.

Jones, J. L. (1989). Fisher Martes Pennanti. 115-116.

Jones, J. L. (1991). Habitat use of fisher in north central Idaho. 147. Moscow, Idaho, USA: University of Idaho.

Jones, J. L. and Garton, E. O. (1994). Selection of successional stages by fishers in north-central Idaho. In Martens, sables, and fishers: biology and conservation: 377-387. Buskirk, S. W., Harestad, A. S., Raphael, M. G. and Powell, R. A. (Eds.). Ithaca, New York, USA: Cornell University Press.

Jones, L. L. C. and Martin, G. R. (1993). Inexpensive camera systems for detecting Martens, Fishers, and other animals: Guidelines for use and standardization.

Jordan, M. J. 2007. Fisher Ecology in the Sierra National Forest, California. Dissertation, University of California, Berkeley.

Jordan, M. J., R. H. Barrett, and K. L. Purcell. 2005. Fisher population Monitoring in the Kings River Project Adaptive Management Area. California Department of Fish and Game, Contract #S0285008.

Jordan, M. J., J. M. Higley, S. M. Matthews, O. E. Rhodes, M. K. Schwartz, R. H. Barrett, and P. J. Palsbøll. 2007. Development of 22 new microsatellite loci for fishers (Martes pennanti) with variability results from across their range. Molecular Ecology Notes.


K

Karasek, G. L. B., Moritz, W. E., Michigan Dept. of Natural Resources, L. W. D. and Fish and Wildlife Restoration Program, W. D. C. (1995). Michigan Furbearer Harvest, 1993-94.

Kashtanov, S. N., Lazebny, O. E. and Gracheva, S. V. (2003). Fitness characteristics and allozyme heterozygosity in an artificial population of the sable Martes zibellina L. Russian Journal of Genetics 39(12): 1438-1441.

Kauhala, K. and Helle, P. (2001). Interactions of predator-prey populations in Finland based on wildlife triangle counts. Suomen Riista 47: 60-74.

Kebbe, C. E. (1961). Return of the fisher. Oregon State Game Commission Bulletin 16: 3-7.

Kellogg, C. E. (1939). Nutrition of fur animals.

Kelly, G. M. (1977). Fisher (Martes pennanti) biology in the White Mountain National Forest and adjacent areas. 178. Amherst: University of Massachusetts.

Kilpatrick, H. J. and Paul, W. R. (1994). Influence of season, sex, and site availability on fisher (Martes pennanti) rest-site selection in the central hardwood forest Canadian Journal of Zoology 72(8): 1416-1419.

Kleef, H. L. (2000). Natal den attendance of two female pine martens Martes martes related to kitten development. Lutra 43(2): 137-149.

Klug, R. R. 1997. Occurrence of the Pacific fisher (Martes pennanti) in the Redwood Zone of northern California and the habitat attributes associated with their detections. Arcata, California, USA: Humboldt State University.

Koen, E. L. 2005. Home range, population density, habitat preference, and survival of fishers (Martes pennanti) in eastern Ontario. Thesis, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada.

Koen, E. L., J. Bowman, and C. S. Findlay. 2007. Fisher Survival in eastern Ontario. Journal of Wildlife Management 71(4):1214-1219.

Koen, E. L., J. Bowman, C. S. Findlay, and L. Zheng. 2007. Home range and population density of fishers in eastern Ontario. Journal of Wildlife Management 71(5):1484-1493.

Kohn, B. E. (1991). Fisher Populations and Harvest Strategies. 82. Wisconsin Dept. of Natural Resources.

Kohn, B. E., Neil, F. P., James, E. A. and William (1993). A. Creed. The Fisher in Wisconsin. Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources Technical Bulletin Series (183).

Kohn, B. E., Payne, N. F., Ashbrenner, J. E. and Creed, W. A. (1993). The fisher in Wisconsin: Technical bulletin No. 183. Madison, Wisconsin, USA: Department of Natural Resources.

Kohn, B. E., Payne, N. F. and et al. (1993). The fisher in Wisconsin. Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources Technical Bulletin Series (183).

Kohn, B. E. and Ronald, G. E. (1987). Status of Marten in Wisconsin, 1985. 18. Wisconsin Dept. Natural Resources.

Krohn, W. B., Arthur, S. M. and Paragi, T. F. (1994). Mortality and vulnerability of a heavily trapped fisher population. In Martens, sables, and fishers: biology and conservation: 137-146. Buskirk, S. W., Harestad, A. S., Raphael, M. G. and Powell, R. A. (Eds.). Ithaca, New York, USA: Cornell University Press.

Krohn, W. B. and Elowe, K. D. (1993). Understanding a harvested fisher population - do the pieces fit? In Maine Fish and Wildlife Magazine: 6-11.

Krohn, W. B., Hoving, D., Harrison, D., Phillips, D. and Frost, H. (2004). Martes foot-loading and snowfall distribution in eastern North America: implications to broad-scale distributions and interactions of mesocarnivores. In Martens and fishers (Martes) in human altered environments: an international perspective: 115-131. Harrison, D. J., Fuller, A. K. and Proulx, G. (Eds.). New York, New York, USA: Springer.

Krohn, W. B. and Kenneth, D. E. (1993). Understanding a harvested Fisher population: Do the pieces fit? Maine Fish and Wildlife 35(3): 6-11.

Krohn, W. B., Kenneth, D. E. and Randall, B. B. (1995). Relations among Fishers, snow, and Martens: Development and evaluation of two hypotheses. Forestry Chronicle 71(1): 97-105.

Krohn, W. B., Zielinski, W. J. and Boone, R. B. (1997). Relations Among Fishers, Snow, and Martens in California: Results from Small-scale Spatial Comparisons. 211-232.

Kucera, T. E., Soukkala, A. M. and Zielinski, W. J. (1995). Photographic Bait Stations.

Kucera, T. E., Zielinski, W. J. and Barrett, R. H. (1995). Current distribution of the American marten, Martes americana, in California. California Fish and Game 81(3): 96-103.

Kuehn, D. W. (1985). Calculating whole-body weights of Fishers from skinned weights. Wildlife Society Bulletin 13(2): 176-177 | 176.

Kuehn, D. W. (1989). Winter foods of Fishers during a Snowshoe Hare decline. Journal of Wildlife Management 53(3): 688-692.

Kuehn, D. W. and Berg, W. E. (1981). Use of radiographs to identify age-classes of Fisher. Journal of Wildlife Management 45(4): 1009-1010 | 1009.

Kyle, C. J., Robitaille, J. F. and Strobeck, C. (2001). Genetic variation and structure of fisher (Martes pennanti) populations across North America. Molecular Ecology 10: 2341-2347.


L

LaBarge, T. (1987). Notes on the management of Fisher at the Burnet Park Zoo. 404-414.

Lamberson, R. H., Truex, R. L., Zielinski, W. J. and Macfarlane, D. C. (2000). Preliminary analysis of fisher population viability in the southern Sierra Nevada. Arcata, California, USA: Humboldt State University.

Lancaster, P. A., J. Bowman, and B. A. Pond. 2008. Fishers, Farms, and Forests in Eastern North America. Environmental Management.

Lanszki, J. (2003). Feeding habits of stone martens in a Hungarian village and its surroundings. Folia Zoologica 52(4): 367-377.

Leach, D. (1977). The descriptive and comparative postcranial osteology of Marten (/Martes Americana/Turton) and Fisher (/Martes Pennanti/Erxleben): The appendicular skeleton Canadian Journal of Zoology 55(1): 199-214.

Leach, D. (1977). The forelimb musculature of Marten (/Martes Americana/Turton) and Fisher (/Martes Pennanti/Erxleben). Canadian Journal of Zoology 55(1): 31-41.

Leach, D., Brian, K. H. and Anne Innis, D. (1982). Ageing Marten and Fisher by development of the Suprafabellar Tubercle. Journal of Wildlife Management 46(1): 246-247.

Leach, D. and Dagg, A. I. (1976). The morphology of the femur in Marten and Fisher. Canadian Journal of Zoology 54(4): 559-565.

Leach, D. H. and de Kleer, V. S. (1978). The descriptive and comparative postcranial osteology of Marten (/Martes americana/Turton) and Fisher (/Martes pennanti/Erxleben): the axial skeleton. Canadian Journal of Zoology 56(5): 1180-1191.

Leonard, R. D. (1980). The winter activity and movements, winter diet, and breeding biology of the fisher (Martes pennanti) in southeastern Manitoba. 181. Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada: University of Manitoba.

Leonard, R. D. (1986). Aspects of reproduction of the Fisher, Martes pennanti, in Manitoba. Canadian Field-Naturalist 100(1): 32-44.

Lewis, J. C. (2003). Investigating the feasibility of reintroducing the fisher (Martes pennanti) in Washington: justification, approach, and progress to date. Northwestern Naturalist 84(2): 104.

Lewis, J. C. and Hayes, G. E. (2004). Feasibility assessment for reintroducing fishers (Martes pennanti) to Washington. 70. Olympia, Washington, USA: Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife.

Lewis, J. C., Hayes, G. E. and Allen, H. L. (2005). Feasibility assessment for reintroducing fishers (Martes pennanti) to Washington. Northwestern Naturalist 86(2): 105.

Lewis, J. C. and Stinson, D. W. (1998). Washington State status report for the fisher. 64. Olympia, Washington, USA: Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife.

Lewis, J. C. and Zielinski, W. J. (1996). Historical harvest and incidental capture of fishers in California. Northwest Science 70(4): 291-297.

Lieffers, V. J. and Woodard, P. M. (1997). Silvicultural systems for maintaining marten and fisher in the boreal forest. 407-418.

Linnell, J. D. C., Aanes, R., Swenson, J. E., Odden, J., Smith, M. E., Linnell, J. D. C., Swenson, J. E., Smith, M. E. and et al. (1997). Translocation of carnivores as a method for managing problem animals: a review. Biodiversity and Conservation 6(9): 1245-1257.

Livia, L., V. Francesca, P. Antonella, P. Fausto, and R. Bernardino. 2007. A PCR-RFLP method on faecal samples to distinguish Martes martes, Martes foina, Mustela putorius and Vulpes vulpes. Conservation Genetics 8:757-759.

Long, R. A., T. M. Donovan, P. Mackay, W. J. Zielinski, and J. S. Buzas. 2007. Comparing Scat Detection Dogs, Cameras, and Hair Snares for Surveying Carnivores. Journal of Wildlife Management 71(6):2018-2025.

Long, R. A., T. M. Donovan, P. Mackay, W. J. Zielinski, and J. S. Buzas. 2007. Effectiveness of Scat Detection Dogs for Detecting Forest Carnivores. Journal of Wildlife Management 71(6):2007-2017.

Lovich, R. (1997). Recent fisher (Martes pennanti) sightings in Indiana County, Pennsylvania: Return of a native? Maryland Naturalist 41(1/2): 45-48.

Luque, M. H. (1983). Report on fisher survey. 17. Boise, Idaho, USA: Idaho Department of Fish and Game.

Luque, M. H. (1984). The fisher: Idaho's forgotten furbearer. Idaho Wildlife 4(1): 12-15.

Lyon, L. J., Aubry, K. B., Zielinski, W. J., Buskirk, S. W. and Ruggiero, L. F. (1994). The scientific basis for conserving forest carnivores: considerations for management. In The scientific basis for conserving forest carnivores: American marten fisher, lynx, and wolverine: 128-137. Ruggiero, L. F., Aubry, K. B., Buskirk, S. W. and Zielinski, W. J. (Eds.). Fort Collins, Colorado, USA: USDA Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Forest and Range Experimental Station.


M

Macdonald, D. W. and Rushton, S. (2003). Modeling space use and dispersal of mammals in real landscapes: a tool for conservation. Journal of Biogeography 30(4): 607-620.

Maier, T. J., DeGraaf, R. M., Maier, T. J. and DeGraaf, R. M. (2000). Rhodamine-injected eggs to photographically identify small nest-predators. [Huevos inyectados con el tinte Rodamina B para identificar fotograficamente depredadores pequenos.]. Journal of Field Ornithology 71(4): 694-701.

Mansueti, R. (1950). Extinct and vanishing mammals of Maryland and District of Columbia. 2-48.

Marshall, W. H. (1942). The biology and management of the Pine Marten in Idaho. UNIV. OF MICHIGAN.

Martin, S. K. (1994). Feeding ecology of American Martens and Fishers. 297-315.

Mathiasen, R. and Madsen, A. B. (2000). Infrared video-monitoring of mammals at a fauna underpass. Zeitschrift fur Saeugetierkunde 65(1): 59-61.

Matthews, S. M., J. M. Higley, C. A. Goddard, and R. T. Golightly.   2007.   Development and Implementation of Long-term Population Monitoring Using Genetic Tagging for Fisher on the Hoopa Valley Indian Reservation, CA. On file with: United State Fish and Wildlife Service, Yreka Field Office.

Mazzoni, A. K. (2002). Habitat use by fishers (Martes pennanti) in the southern Sierra Nevada. Fresno, California, USA: California State University.

McDonald, R. A. (2002). Resource partitioning among British and Irish mustelids. Journal of Animal Ecology 71(2): 185-200.

McKelvey, K. S., K. B. Aubry, and M. K. Schwartz. 2008. Using Anecdotal Occurrence Data for Rare or Elusive Species: The Illusion of Reality and a Call for Evidentiary Standards. BioScience 58:549-555.

McKinstry, M. C. and Anderson, S. H. (2003). Trappers in Wyoming: opinions on trends in mammalian predator populations, motivations for trapping, and methodologies. Intermountain Journal of Sciences 9(1): 1-11.

McKnight, C. 2008. Research Note: Deadwood Study Area Camera Survey. Unpublished report. Timber Products Company; 130 Phillipe Lane, Yreka, California, 96097.

Mead, R. A. (1994). Reproduction in Martes. 404-422.

Mech, D. (1964). Return of Northwoods Phantom. Massachusetts Audubon Newsletter 49(2): 76-80.

Messenger, J. E. and Birks, J. D. S. (2000). "Monitoring the very rare: pine marten populations in England and Wales". 217-230.

Meyer, M. C. and Chitwood, B. G. (1951). Helminths from fisher (Martes p. pennanti) in Maine. Journal of Parasitology 37: 320-321.

Miles, I. W. (1982). The Fisher-Martes pennanti in Nova Scotia.

Mirick, P. G. (1982). Return of the Fisher. Massachusetts Wildlife 33(3): 6-10.

Mitcheltree, D. H., Serfass, T. L. and et al. (1997). Captive care and clinical evaluation of fishers during the first year of a reintroduction project. 317-328.

Mitcheltree, D. H., Serfass, T. L., Tzilkowski, W. M., Peper, R. L., Whary, M. T. and Brooks, R. P. (1999). Physiological responses of fishers to immobilization with ketamine, ketamine-xylazine, or Telazol<<. Wildlife Society Bulletin 27(3): 582-591.

Miyoshi, K. and Higashi, S. (2005). Home range and habitat use by the sable Martes zibellina brachyura in a Japanese cool-temperate mixed forest. Ecological Research 20(1): 95-101.

Monakhov, V. G. (2004). Assessment of the age structure of sable samples using three methods of age determination. Russian Journal of Ecology 35(6): 383-388.

Morris, R. F. (1948). The land mammals of New Brunswick. Journal of Mammalogy 165: 65-176.

Morse, W. B. (1961). Return of the fisher. American Forests 67(4): 24-26.

Mortelliti, A., and L. Boitani. 2008. Interaction of food resources and landscape structure in determining the probability of patch use by carnivores in fragmented landscapes. Landscape Ecology 23:285-298.

Moruzzi, T. L., Fuller, T. K., DeGraaf, R. M., Brooks, R. T. and Li, W. (2002). Assessing remotely triggered cameras for surveying carnivore distribution. Wildlife Society Bulletin 30(2): 380-386 | 380.

Moruzzi, T. L., Royar, K. J., Grove, C., Brooks, R. T., Bernier, C., Thompson, F. L. J. R., Degraaf, R. M., Fuller, T. K., Thompson F L, Jr. and DeGram, R. M. (2003). Assessing an American marten, Martes americana, reintroduction in Vermont. Canadian Field-Naturalist 117(2): 190-195.

Mowat, G. and Paetkau, D. (2002). Estimating marten Martes americana population size using hair capture and genetic tagging. Wildlife Biology 8(3): 201-209.

Mowat, G., Shurgot, C. and Poole, K. G. (2000). Using track plates and remote cameras to detect marten and short-tailed weasels in coastal cedar hemlock forests. Northwestern Naturalist 81(3): 113-121.

Mullis, C. (1985). Habitat utilization by fisher (Martes pennanti) near Hayfork Bally, California. 91. Arcata, California, USA: Humboldt State University.

Munzing, D., and W. L. Gaines. 2008. Monitoring American marten on the east-side of the North Cascades of Washington. Northwestern Naturalist 89:67-75.

Muskens, G. J. D. M. and Broekhuizen, S. (2000). The pine marten Martes martes as a victim of highway traffic. [De boommarter Martes martes als verkeersslachtoffer.]. Lutra 43(2): 228-235.


N

Newberry, D. W. (1973). Special Wildlife investigations: Contribution toward a bibliography on California furbearers.

Newby, F. E. (1951). Ecology of the Mustelinae in the Chiwawa River Drainage, Chilan County, Washington. WASHINGTON STATE UNIV.

Noss, R. F., Strittholt, J. R., Vance-Borland, K., Carroll, C. and Frost, P. (1999). A Conservation Plan for the Klamath-Siskiyou Ecoregion Natural Areas Journal 19(4): 392-411.


O

O'Brien, M. and Boudreau, M. (1997). Furbearer report. Nova Scotia Trappers Newsletter (33): 3-7.

O'Brien, M. and Boudreau, M. (1997). Species abundance as recorded by fur harvesters. Nova Scotia Trappers Newsletter (33): 10-11.

O'Brien, M. and Boudreau, M. (1998). Furbearer Report. Nova Scotia Trappers Newsletter (34): 3-7.

O'Brien, M. and Boudreau, M. (1998). Species abundance as recorded by fur harvesters. Nova Scotia Trappers Newsletter (34): 10-11.

O'Brien, M. and Boudreau, M. (1999). Furbearer report. Nova Scotia Trappers Newsletter (35): 3-7.

O'Brien, M. and Boudreau, M. (1999). Species abundance as recorded by fur harvesters. Nova Scotia Trappers Newsletter (35): 10-11.

O'Brien, M. and Boudreau, M. (2000). Furbearer report. Nova Scotia Trappers Newsletter (36): 1-5.

O'Brien, M. and Boudreau, M. (2000). Species abundance as recorded by fur harvesters. Nova Scotia Trappers Newsletter (36): 8-9.

Olterman, J. H. and Oltermann, J. H. (1972). Rare, endangered, and recently extirpated mammals in Oregon. OREGON STATE UNIV.

Olterman, J. H. and Verts, B. J. (1972). Endangered plants and animals of Oregon.IV: Mammals.

O'Meara, D. C., Payne, D. D. and Witter, J. F. (1960). Sarcoptes infestation of a fisher. Journal of Wildlife Management 24: 339.

Owens-Viani, L. (2000). Wild lives - fishers prefer porcupines.


P

Pack, J. C. (1976). Fisher returns home. Wonderful West Virginia 40(1): 2-3.

Pack, J. C. and Cromer, J. I. (1981). Reintroduction of fisher in West Virginia. In Worldwide Furbearer Conference: 1431-1442. Chapman, J. A. and Pursley, D. (Eds.). Frostburg, Maryland, USA.

Paetkau, D. (2004). The optimal number of markers in genetic capture-mark-recapture studies. Journal of Wildlife Management 68(3): 449-452.

Palman, D. S. (1977). Ecological impact of Interstate 95 on small and medium-sized mammals in northern Maine. UNIVERSITY OF MAINE.

Paragi, T. F. (1990). Reproductive biology of female fishers in southcentral Maine. Orono, Maine, USA: University of Maine.

Paragi, T. F., Arthur, S. M. and Krohn, W. B. (1994). Seasonal and circadian patterns of female fishers, Martes pennanti, with kits. Canadian Field Naturalist 108(1): 52-57.

Paragi, T. F., Arthur, S. M. and Krohn, W. B. (1996). Importance of tree cavities as natal dens for fishers. Northern Journal of Applied Forestry 13(2): 79-83.

Paragi, T. F., Krohn, W. B. and Arthur, S. M. (1994). Using Estimates of Fisher Recruitment and Survival to Evaluate Population Trend. Northeast Wildlife 51: 1-11.

Parks, C. G. and Bull, E. L. (1997). American marten use of rust and dwarf mistletoe brooms in northeastern Oregon. Western Journal of Applied Forestry 12(4): 131-133.

Parmalie, P. W. (1960). A prehistoric record of the fisher in Georgia. Journal of Mammalogy 41(3): 409-410.

Parsons, G. R., Brown, M. K. and Will, G. B. (1977). Determining the sex of Fisher from lower canine teeth. 41-43.

Parsons, G. R., Brown, M. K. and Will, G. B. (1978). Determing the sex of Fisher from the lower canine teeth. New York Fish and Game Journal 25(1): 42-44.

Patterson, J. 2000. Caught in time. in Wisconsin Natural Resources Magazine. (Found on-line at: http://www.wnrmag.com/stories/2000/oct00/trapping.htm)

Payer, D. C. and Harrison, D. J. 2003. Influence of forest structure on habitat use by American marten in an industrial forest. Forest Ecology and Management 179(1-3): 145-156.

Pearson, D. E. and Ruggiero, L. F. (2001). Test of the prey-base hypothesis to explain use of Red squirrel midden sites by American martens. Canadian Journal of Zoology 79: 1372-1379.

Pearson, O. P. and Enders, R. K. (1944). Duration of pregnancy in certain mustelids. Journal of Experimental Biology 95(1): 21-35.

Petersen, L. R., Martin, M. A. and Pils, C. M. (1976). Status of Fishers in Wisconsin, 1975.

Peterson, L. R., Martin, M. A. and Pils, C. M. (1975). Status of fishers in Wisconsin. 15. Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources.

Peterson, L. R., Martin, M. A. and Pils, C. M. (1977). Status of fishers in Wisconsin. Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources

Pilgrim, W. (1980). Fisher (Martes pennanti) (Carnivora: Mustelidae) in Labrador. Canadian Field-Naturalist 94(4): 468.

Pittaway, R. J. (1978). Observations on the behavior of the Fisher (/Martes pennanti/) in Algonquin Park, Ontario. Nature Canada 105(6): 487-489.

Pittaway, R. J. (1983). Fisher and red fox interactions over food. Ontario Field Biologist 37(2): 88-90.

Pittaway, R. J. (1984). Fisher (Martes pennanti) scent marking behavior. Canadian Field-Naturalist 98(1): 57.

Poole, K. G., Gary, M. M., Marjorie, A. S., Audrey, J. M., Ron, P. G., Linda, M. D. and et al. (1994). Age and sex determination for American Martens and Fishers. 204-223.

Poole, K. G., Porter, A. D., de Varies, A., Mandrel, C., Grindal, S. D. and St. Clair, C. C. (2004). Suitability of a young deciduous-dominated forest for American marten and the effects of forest removal. Canadian Journal of Zoology 82(3): 423-435.

Porter, A. D., St Clair, C. C. and de Vries, A. (2005). Fine-scale selection by marten during winter in a young deciduous forest. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 35(4): 901-909.

Potter, D. (1995). Modeling fisher (Martes pennanti) habitat associations in Nova Scotia. 94. Acadia University.

Potter, D. (1999). Fisher study continues. Nova Scotia Trappers Newsletter (35): 22-23.

Potter, D., O'Brien, M. and Taylor, P. (2000). Update on the Nova Scotia Fish Project. Nova Scotia Trappers Newsletter (36): 20-21.

Potvin, F., Belanger, L., Lowell, K., Potvin, F. o., B‚langer, L. and Lowell, K. (2000). Marten habitat selection in a clearcut boreal landscape. [Seleccion de habitat por la marta en un paisaje boreal talado.]. Conservation Biology 14(3): 844-857.

Potvin, F., Lowell, K., Fortin, M. J. and Belanger, L. (2001). How to test habitat selection at the home range scale: A resampling random windows technique. Ecoscience 8(3): 399-406.

Powell, R. A. (1975). Adaptations of Fishers and porcupines in relation to their predator-prey system. American Society of Mammalogists Special Publications 55: 16-19.

Powell, R. A. (1976). Compact carnivore. Animal Kingdom 79(6): 12-19.

Powell, R. A. (1978). A comparison of Fisher and weasel hunting behavior. Carnivore 1(1): 28-34.

Powell, R. A. (1978). Hunting behavior, ecological energetics and predator-prey community stability of the Fisher (/Martes pennanti/) Univ. Chicago.

Powell, R. A. (1979). Ecological energetics and foraging strategies of the Fisher (/Martes pennanti/) Journal of Animal Ecology 48(1): 195-212.

Powell, R. A. (1979). Fishers, population models, and trapping. Wildlife Society Bulletin 7(3): 149-154.

Powell, R. A. (1980). Fisher arboreal activity. Canadian Field-Naturalist 94(1): 90-91.

Powell, R. A. (1981). Hunting behavior and food requirements of the fisher (Martes pennanti). In Worldwide Furbearer Conference: 883-917. Chapman, J. A. and Pursley, D. (Eds.).

Powell, R. A. (1981). Martes pennanti. Mammalian Species 156(156): 1-6.

Powell, R. A. (1982). The Fisher, life history, biology, and behavior. University of Minnesota Press.

Powell, R. A. (1985). Fisher pelt primeness. Wildlife Society Bulletin 13(1): 67-70.

Powell, R. A. (1993). The fisher: life history, ecology and behavior. (2nd ed). Minneapolis, Minnesota, USA: University of Minnesota Press.

Powell, R. A. (1994). Effects of scale on habitat selection and foraging behavior of Fishers in winter. Journal of Mammalogy 75(2): 349-356.

Powell, R. A. (1994). Structure and spacing of Martes populations. In Martens, sables and fishers: biology and conservation: 101-121. Buskirk, S. W., Harestad, A. S., Raphael, M. G. and Powell, R. A. (Eds.). Cornell University Press, Ithaca, NY. 484 pages.

Powell, R. A. and Brander, R. B. (1977). Adaptations of Fishers and porcupines to their predator-prey system. In 1975 Predator Symposium: 45-53. Missoula, Montana, USA.

Powell, R. A., Buskirk, S. W. and Zielinski, W. J. (2003). Fisher and marten (Martes penanti and Martes americana). In Wild mammals of North America: biology management and conservation. (Second ed): 635-649. Feldhamer, G. A., Thompson, B. C. and Chapman, J. A. (Eds.). The Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, Maryland, USA.

Powell, R. A. and Richard, D. L. (1983). Sexual dimorphism and energy expenditure for reproduction in female Fisher (Martes pennanti). Oikos 40(2): 166-174.

Powell, R. A. and Zielinski, W. J. (1994). Fisher. In The scientific basis for conserving forest carnivores: American marten, fisher, lynx, and wolverine: 38-73. Ruggiero, L. F., Aubry, K. B., Buskirk, S. W. and Zielinski, W. J. (Eds.). Fort Collins, Colorado, USA: USDA Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Forest and Range Experimental Station.

Powell, R. A. and W. J. Zielinski. 2005. Evaluating the demographic factors that affect the success of reintroducing fishers (Martes pennanti), and the effect of removals on a source population. Yreka, California, USA: USDI Fish and Wildlife Service.

Powell, S. M., York, E. C. and Fuller, T. K. (1997). Seasonal Food Habits of Fishers in Central New England. In Martes: Taxonomy, Ecology, Techniques, and Management: 279-305. Proulx, G., Bryant, H. N. and Woodard, P. M. (Eds.). Edmonton: The Provincial Museum of Alberta.

Powell, S. M., York, E. C., Scanlon, J. J. and Fuller, T. K. (1997). Fisher Maternal Den Sites in Central New England. In Martes: Taxonomy, Ecology, Techniques, and Management: 265-278. Proulx, G., Bryant, H. N. and Woodard, P. M. (Eds.). Edmonton: The Provincial Museum of Alberta.

Proulx, G. (1997). Improved trapping standards for marten and fisher. 362-371.

Proulx, G. (2000). "The impact of human activities on North American mustelids". 53-75.

Proulx, G., K. B. Aubry, S. Birks, S. W. Buskirk, C. Fortin, H. C. Frost, W. B. Krohn, L. Mayo, V. Monakhov, D. C. Payer, M., Santos-Reis, R. D. Weir , and W. J. Zielinski. 2004. World distribution and status of the genus Martes in 2000. In Martens and fishers (Martes) in human altered environments: an international perspective: Pages 21-76. in D. J. Harrison, A.K. Fuller, and G. Proulx, Editors. Martens and Fishers Martes in Human-altered Environments: An International Perspective. Springer Scientce+Business Media, New York, New York, USA. Available at: http://www.artemiswildlife.com/Publications.htm

Proulx, G. and Cole, P. J. (1996). A fisher, Martes pennanti, with multiple amputations. Canadian Field-Naturalist 110(2): 335.

Proulx, G., Kolenosky, A. J., Badry, M. J., Drescher, R. K., Seidel, K. and Cole, P. J. (1994). Post-release movements of translocated fishers. In Martens, sables, and fishers: biology and conservation: 197-203. Buskirk, S. W., Harestad, A. S., Raphael, M. G. and Powell, R. A. (Eds.). Ithaca, New York, USA: Cornell University Press.

Proulx, G. and Morley, W. B. (1993). Evaluation of mechanically improved combinear 220r traps to quickly kill Fisher (Martes pennanti) in simulated natural environments  Journal of Wildlife Diseases.

Proulx, G. and Morley, W. B. (1993). Evaluation of the Bionicr trap to quickly kill Fisher (Martes pennanti) in simulated natural environments Journal of Wildlife Diseases 29(2): 310-316.

Proulx, G. and Morley, W. B. (1994). Ethical considerations in the selection of traps to harvest American Martens and Fishers. 192-196.


R

Raine, R. M. (1981). Winter food habits, responses to snow cover and movements of Fisher (Martes pennanti) and Marten (Martes Americana) in southwestern Manitoba UNIV. OF MANITOBA.

Raine, R. M. (1982). Ranges of juvenile Fisher (Martes pennanti) and Marten (Martes Americana) in southeastern Manitoba. Canadian Field-Naturalist 96(4): 431-438.

Raine, R. M. (1983). Winter habitat use and responses to snow cover of fisher (Martes pennanti) and marten (Martes americana) in southeastern Manitoba. Canadian Journal of Zoology 61(1): 25-34.

Raine, R. M. (1987). Winter food habits and foraging behavior of Fishers (Martes pennanti) and Martens (Martes Americana) in southeastern Manitoba Canadian Journal of Zoology 65(3): 745-747.

Rand, A. L. (1944). The status of the fisher, Martes pennanti (Erxleben), in Canada. Canadian Field-Naturalist 58(5): 77-81.

Raphael, M. G. (1994). Techniques for monitoring populations of Fishers and American Martens. 224-240.

Rego, P. W. (1984). Factors Influencing Harvest Levels of Fisher in Southcentral and Southeastern Maine. 64.

Rempel, R. S. and Kaufmann, C. K. (2003). Spatial modeling of harvest constraints on wood supply versus wildlife habitat objectives. Environmental Management [New York] 32(3): 334-347 | 334-347.

Reno, M. A., K. R. Rulon, and C. E. James. 2008. Fisher monitoring within two industrially managed forests of northern California: Progress report to California Department of Fish and Game. 25 April 2008. Unpublished report: Sierra Pacific Industries.

Richards, R. L. (1994). Quaternary Occurence of the Fisher (Martes pennanti) in Indiana. 571-580.

Richter, J. (2005). Selective hunting of pine marten, Martes martes, in Late Mesolithic Denmark. Journal of Archaeological Science 32: 1223-1231.

Riddle, A. E., Pilgrim, K. L., Mills, L. S., McKelvey, K. S. and Ruggiero, L. F. (2003). Identification of mustelids using mitochondrial DNA and non-invasive sampling. Conservation Genetics 4(2): 241-243.

Ritter, A. F. (1985). Marten habitat evaluation in northern Maine using landsat imagery. Transactions of the Northeast Section of the Wildlife Society 42 | 41: 156-166.

Robitaille, J. F. and Robitaille, J. F. (2000). "Management and conservation of mustelids in Ontario and eastern Canada". 77-96.

Robitaille, J.-F., Aubry, K. and Robitaille, J. F. (2000). Occurrence and activity of American martens Martes americana in relation to roads and other routes. Acta Theriologica 45(1): 137-143.

Robitaille, J.-F., Cobb, E. W. and Robitaille, J. F. (2003). Indices to estimate fat depots in American marten Martes americana. Wildlife Biology 9(2): 113-121.

Robitaille, J.-F., Jensen, K. and Robitaille, J. F. (2005). Additional indices to estimate fat contents in fisher Martes pennanti populations. Wildlife Biology 11(3): 263-269.

Roedel, H. G., Ebersbach, H. and Stubbe, M. (2001). Factors affecting the identification of stone marten (Martes foina) and pine marten (Martes martes) faeces by bile acid. WISSENSCHAFTLICHE MITTEILUNGEN AUS DEM NIEDEROESTERREICHISCHEN LANDESMUSEUM 14: 153-160.

Rondinini, C. and Boitani, L. (2002). Habitat use by beech martens in a fragmented landscape. Ecography 25(3): 257-264.

Rowan, W. (1950). Canada's premier problem of animal conservation. 38-57.

Roy, K. D. (1991). Ecology of reintroduced Fishers in the Cabinet Mountains of northwest Montana. 94. Missoula, MT: University of Montana.

Ruediger, B. (1997). Rare carnivores and highways: management problems and solutions. Intermountain Journal of Sciences 3(4): 159.

Ruediger, W., Claar, J. J. and Gore, J. F. (1999). Reestablishment of carnivore habitat connectivity in the northern rocky mountains. Intermountain Journal of Sciences 5(1/4): 70.

Ruette, S., Stahl, P. and Albaret, M. (2003). Factors affecting trapping success of red fox Vulpes vulpes, stone marten Martes foina and pine marten M. martes in France. Wildlife Biology 9(1): 11-19.

Ruggiero, L. F., Buskirk, S. W., Ruggiero, L. F., Buskirk, S. W., Aubry, K. B., Lyon, L. J., Zielinski, W. J. and et al. (1994). Information needs and a research strategy for conserving forest carnivores. 138-152.

Ruggiero, L. F., Keith, B. A., Steven, W. B., Lyon, L. J. and William, J. Z. (1994). The Forest Service's Western Forest Carnivore Conservation Assessment. Northwest Science 68(2): 147.

Ruggiero, L. F., D. E. Pearson, and S. E. Henry. 1998. Characteristics of American marten densites in Wyoming. Journal of Wildlife Management 62:663-673.


S

Sabean, B. (1989). The Fisher in Nova Scotia. NS Conservation 13(2): 7-8.

Sahr, D. P. and Knowlton, F. F. (2000). Evaluation of tranquilizer trap devices (TTDs) for foothold traps used to capture gray wolves. Wildlife Society Bulletin 28(3): 597-605 | 597.

Sara, M., Milazzo, A., Falletta, W. and Bellia, E. (2005). Exploitation competition between hole-nesters (Muscardinus avellanarius, Mammalia and Parus caeruleus, Aves) in Mediterranean woodlands. Journal of Zoology 265(4): 347-357.

Scheffer, V. B. (1938). Notes on wolverine and fisher in the State of Washington. Murrelet 19: 8-10.

Schneider, R. R. and Yodzis, P. (1994). Extinction dynamics in the American marten (Martes Americana). Conservation Biology 8(4): 1058-1068.

Schoonmaker, W. J. (1938). The fisher as a foe of the porcupine in New York State. Journal of Mammalogy 19: 373-374.

Schorger, A. W. (1948). Changing wildlife conditions in Wisconsin. Wisconsin Conservation Bulletin 53: 3-60.

Schwartz, M. K. 2007. Ancient DNA confirms native Rocky Mountain fisher (Martes pennanti) avoided early 20th century extinction. Journal of Mammalogy 88(4):921-925.

Seagears, C. (1949). Furs of New York, past and present. New York State Conservationist 20: 20-21.

Seglund, A. E. (1995). The use of rest sites by the Pacific fisher. 66. Arcata, California, USA: Humboldt State University.

Seglund, A. E. and Golightly, R. T. (1995). Fisher survey techniques and use of rest sites on the Shasta-Trinity National Forest. . 120. Arcata: Redwood Sciences Laboratory, USDA Forest Service, Arcata, CA. .

Self, S. and Callas, R. (2006). Pacific Fisher Natal and Maternal Den Study: Progress Report No. 1. 12. Redding: Sierra Pacific Industries and California Departement of Fish and Game.

Self, S. E. and Kerns, S. J. (1992). Pine marten - Pacific fisher study: Phase 2 Report. Oak Run, California, USA: Wildland Resource Managers.

Self, S. E. and Kerns, S. J. (2001). Pacific fisher use of a managed forest landscape in northern California. Redding, California, USA: Sierra Pacific Industries.

Self, S., E. Murphy, and S. Farber. 2008. Preliminary estimate of fisher populations in California and southern Oregon. Sierra Pacific Industries, PO Box 496014, Redding, California 96049.

Selva, N., Jedrzejewska, B., Jedrzejewski, W. and Wajrak, A. (2005). Factors affecting carcass use by a guild of scavengers in European temperate woodland. Canadian Journal of Zoology 83(12): 1590-1601.

Serfass, T. L., Brooks, D. J. and Tzilkowski, W. M. (2001). Fisher reintroduction in Pennsylvania: final report of the Pennsylvania fisher reintroduction project. Frostburg, Maryland, USA: Frostburg State University.

Serfass, T. L., Brooks, R. P., Tzilkowski, W. M. and Mitcheltree, D. H. (1994). Fisher reintroduction in Pennsylvania: feasibility and review. University Park, Pennsylvania, USA: Pennsylvania State University.

Servheen, C., Waller, J. and Kasworm, W. (2001). Ecosystem scale linkage identification and implementation for grizzly bears and other Rocky Mountain carnivores. Intermountain Journal of Sciences 7(4): 143-144.

Shea, M. E., Rollins, N. L., Bowyer, R. T., Clark, A. G. and et al. (1985). Corpora lutea number as related to Fisher age and distribution in Maine. Journal of Wildlife Management 49(1): 37-40 | 37.

Sherburne, S. S. (1993). Squirrel middens influence marten (Martes americana) use of subnivean access points. American Midland Naturalist 129: 204-207.

Shomon, J. J. and Shomon, J. J. (1947). A study of the fur trade, with emphasis on the North American Mustelidae furbearers. UNIV. OF MICHIGAN.

Shump, K. A., Shump, A. U. and et al. (1981). A bibliography of Mustelids, part VIII: Marten and Fisher. MICHIGAN AGRICULTURAL EXPERIMENT STATION (9904).

Slauson, K., Zielinski, B. and Carroll, C. (2001). Hidden in the Shrubs: Rediscovery of the Humboldt Marten? In Mountains & Rivers: A Quarterly Journal of Natural History for the Klamath-Siskiyou Region: 8-12.

Slauson, K. M. (2003). Habitat selection by American martens (Martes americana) in coastal northwestern California. 111 leaves, bound.

Slauson, K. M., Truex, R. L. and Zielinski, W. J. (2006). Distinguishing the Sexes of American Marten and Fisher Tracks at Track Plate Stations. In Prep.

Slauson, K. M. and Zielinski, W. J. (2001). Distribution and habitat ecology of American martens and Pacific fishers in southwestern Oregon: July 1 - November 15, 2001. 17. Corvallis, Oregon, USA: USDA Forest Service, Pacific Southwest Research Station and Department of Forest Science, Oregon State University.

Slauson, K. M. and Zielinski, W. J. (2004). Conservation status of American martens and fishers in the Klamath-Siskiyou bioregion. 25. Arcata, California, USA: USDA Forest Service, Pacific Southwest Research Station.

Slauson, K. M., Zielinski, W. J. and Holm, G. W. (2003). Distribution and habitat associations of the Humboldt marten (Martes americana humboldtensis) and Pacific fisher (Martes pennanti pacifica) in Redwood National and State Parks: Final Report. Redwood National and State Parks, California, USA.

Slauson, K. M., W. J. Zielinski, and J. P. Hayes. 2007. Habitat Selection by American Martens in Coastal California. Journal of Wildlife Management 71(2):458–468.

Slauson, K. M., and W. J. Zielinski. 2007. Strategic Surveys for Martes Populations In Northwestern California: Mendocino National Forest  U.S.D.A. Forest Service, Pacific Southwest Research Station, Redwood Sciences Laboratory, Arcata, California.

Slauson, K. M., Baldwin, J., Zielinski, W.J., & Schwartz, M. 2009 . Estimating Detection Probabilities for Fishers Using Non-Invasive Methods and Implications for Survey Protocols. In, p. 68 U.S.D.A. Forest Service, Pacific Soouthwest Research Station, Redwood Sciences Laboratory, Arcata, Californa.

Sloan, S. S., Holmes, R. T. and Sherry, T. W. (1998). Depredation rates and predators at artificial bird nests in an unfragmented northern hardwoods forest. Journal of Wildlife Management 62(2): 529-539.

Slough, B. G. (1994). Translocations of American martens: an evaluation of factors in success. In Martens, sables, and fishers: biology and conservation: 165-178. Buskirk, S. W., Harestad, A. S., Raphael, M. G. and Powell, R. A. (Eds.). Ithaca, New York, USA: Cornell University Press.

Small, M. P., Stone, K. D. and Cook, J. A. (2003). American marten (Martes americana) in the Pacific Northwest: population differentiation across a landscape fragmented in time and space. Molecular Ecology 12: 89-103.

Smith and Winston, P. (1999). A unique observation of a fisher (Martes pennanti) in Grand Teton National Park. Northwestern Naturalist 80(1): 33-34.

Smith, A. C. and Schaefer, J. A. (2002). Home-range size and habitat selection by American marten (Martes americana) in Labrador. Canadian Journal of Zoology 80(9): 1602-1609.

Spencer, W., H. Rustigian, R. Scheller, A. Syphard, J. Stritthold, and B. Ward. 2008. Baseline evaluation of fisher habitat and population status, and effects of fires and fuels management on fishers in the southern Sierra Nevada. Unpublished report prepared for USDA Forest Service, Pacific Southwest Region. June 2008. 133 pp. + appendices.

Squires, J. R. (2000). Food habits of northern goshawks nesting in south central Wyoming. Wilson Bulletin 112(4): 536-539.

Steeves, T., Strickland, M., Frank, R., Rasper, J., Douglas, C. W. and et al. (1991). Organochlorine insecticide and polychlorinated biphenyl residues in Martens and Fishers from the Algonquin region of south-central Ontario. Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology 46(3): 368-373.

Stephens, J. T. and Stone, K. D. (2005). Fisher (Martes pennanti) surveys in the cascade Siskiyou National Monument and along interstate 5 near the Siskiyou pass. Northwestern Naturalist 86(2): 117.

Steven, W. B. and Zienlinski, W. J. (1997). American marten (Martes americana) ecology and conservation. In Mesocarnivores of Northern California: Biology, Management, and Survey Techniques, Workshop Manual: 117. John, E. H. and Ogan, C. V. (Eds.). Humboldt State University: The Wildlife Society, California North Coast Chapter.

Stone, J. H. (1952). Porcupine damage to trees serious in Northwest. 891.

Stone, K. D., Flynn, R. W. and Cook, J. A. (2002). Post-glacial colonization of northwestern North America by the forest-associated American marten (Martes americana, Mammalia: Carnivora: Mustelidae). Molecular Ecology 11(10): 2049-2063 | 2049-2063.

Strickland, M. A. (1994). Harvest management of Fishers and American Martens. 149-164.

Strickland, M. A., Carman, W. D., Mark, K. B., Gary, R. P. and et al. (1982). Determining the age of Fisher from Cementum annuli of the teeth. New York Fish and Game Journal 29(1): 90-94.

Strickland, M. A. and Douglas, C. W. (1981). The status of Fisher in North America and its' management in southern Ontario. 1443-1458.

Strickland, M. A. and Douglas, C. W. (1984). Results of questionnires sent to trappers of fisher and marten in the Algonquin Region in five consecutive years: 1979 to 1983. Toronto, Ontario, Canada: Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources.

Strickland, M. A., Douglas, C. W., Novak, M. and Hunziger, N. P. (1982). Fisher (Martes pennanti). In Wild mammals of North America: biology, management, and economics 586-598. Chapman, J. A. and Feldhamer, G. A. (Eds.). Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.

Swanson, B. J. and Johnson, D. R. (1999). Distinguishing causes of intraspecific synchrony in population dynamics. Oikos 86(2): 265-274.


T

Taft, A., Stewart, J. and Wilson, J. (1999). Attempted predation on a bald eagle nest by a fisher. Passenger Pigeon 61(4): 456.

Taylor, C. A. and Raphael, M. G. (1988). Identification of mammal tracks from sooted track stations in the Pacific Northwest. California Fish and Game 74(1): 4-15.

Thomas, E. M. (1952). The fur-bearing mammals of Wyoming. Fifth installmentt. 23-27.

Thomasma, L. E. (1988). A test of the habitat suitability index model for the fisher (Martes pennanti) in the Upper Peninsula of Michigan. Houghton, Michigan, USA: Michigan Technical University.

Thomasma, L. E. (1996). Winter Habitat Selection and Interspecific Interactions of American Martens (Martes americana) and Fishers (Martes pennanti) in the McCormick Wilderness and Surrounding Area.

Thomasma, L. E., Drummer, T. and Peterson, L. R. (1994). Modeling habitat selection by the fisher. In Martens, sables, and fishers: biology and conservation: 316-325. Buskirk, S. W., Harestad, A. S., Raphael, M. G. and Powell, R. A. (Eds.). Ithaca, New York, USA: Cornell University Press.

Thomasma, L. E., Drummer, T. D. and Peterson, R. O. (1991). Testing the habitat suitability index model for the Fisher. Wildlife Society Bulletin 19(3): 291-297 | 291.

Thomasma, L. E., Thomas, D. D. and Rolf, O. P. (1994). Modeling habitat selection by Fishers. 316-325.

Thompson, I. D. (1986). Diet choice, hunting behavior, activity patterns, and ecological energetics of Marten in natural and logged areas. Queen's Univ. Kingston (Canada) 1986. From Diss. Abstr. Int. B Sci. Eng.

Thompson, J. L. 2008. Density of fisher on managed timberlands in north coastal California. Thesis, Humboldt State University, Arcata, California, USA.

Timossi, I. C., Woodard, E. L. and Barrett, R. H. (1995). Habitat suitability models for use with ARC/INFO: Marten. 24. Sacramento: California Department of Fish and Game.

Tizard, I. R., Billett, J. B. and Ramsden, R. O. (1976). The prevalence of antibodies against /Toxoplasma gondii/in some Ontario mammals. Journal of Wildlife Diseases 12(3): 322-325.

Tomson, S. and Squires, J. (2001). Distribution of forest carnivores in the Pioneer Mountains, Montana. Intermountain Journal of Sciences 7(4): 130.

Truex, R. L. and Zielinski, W. J. (2005). Short-term effects of fire and fire surrogate treatments on fisher habitat in the Sierra Nevada: Final Report. 26. USDA Forest Service.

Truex, R. L., Zielinski, W. J., Golightly, R. T., Barrett, R. H. and Wisely, S. M. (1998). A meta-analysis of regional variation in fisher morphology, demography, and habitat ecology in California.  Draft report submitted to California Department of Fish and Game. Arcata, California, USA: USDA Forest Service, Pacific Southwest Research Station.

Tully, S. M. (2006). Habitat selection of fishers (Martes pennanti) in an untrapped refugium: Algonquin Provincial Park. In Watershed Ecosystems Graduate Program: 100. Peterborough: Trent University.


U

USDI Fish and Wildlife Service, 1945. Department of the Interior, Information Service, Fish and Wildlife Service, For Release to the AM's of Thursday, October 11, 1945. 2 pp.

USDI Fish and Wildlife Service, 1952. Department of the Interior, Fish and Wildlife Service, Office Memorandum, Subject: Bait Horses at Malheur Refuge, Burns, Oregon, dated October 28, 1952. 1 pp.

USDI Fish and Wildlife Service, 1991. 90-day petition finding for  the Pacific fisher. 1159-1161. Federal Register 56.

USDI Fish and Wildlife Service, 1996. Notice of 90-Day finding for a petition to list the fisher in the western United States as Threatened. 8016-8018. Federal Register 61.

USDI Fish and Wildlife Service, 2004. 12-month finding for a petition to list the west coast distinct population segment of the fisher (Martes pennanti ). Federal Register 69(68): 18770-18792.

USDI National Park Service, 2006. Klamath Network Featured Creature. March 2006. Fisher (Martes pennanti). 1 pp.


V

Van Why, K. R. and Giuliano, W. M. (2001). Fall food habits and reproductive condition of fishers, Martes pennanti, in Vermont. Canadian Field-Naturalist 115(1): 52-56.

Vinkey, R. S. (2003). An evaluation of fisher (Martes pennanti) introductions in Montana. Missoula, Montana, USA: University of Montana.

Vinkey, R. S., Foresman, K. R., Giddings, B. J. and Schwartz, M. K. (2004). An evaluation of fisher introductions in Montana. Intermountain Journal of Sciences 10(1-4): 83.

Vinkey, R. S., Schwartz, M. K., McKelvey, K. S., Foresman, K. R., Pilgrim, K. L., Giddings, B. J. and LoFroth, E. C. (2006). When reintroductions are augmentations: The genetic legacy of fisher (Martes pennanti) in Montana. Journal of Mammalogy 87(2): 265-271.

Virgos, E. (2001). Relative value of riparian woodlands in landscapes with different forest cover for medium-sized Iberian carnivores. Biodiversity and Conservation 10(7): 1039-1049.

Virgos, E. and Garcia, F. J. (2002). Patch occupancy by stone martens Martes foina in fragmented landscapes of central Spain: the role of fragment size, isolation and habitat structure. Acta Oecologica 23(4): 231-237.


W

Warheit, K. I. (2004). Fisher (Martes pennanti) control region sequences from Alberta, and re-analysis of sequences from other regions in North America: recommendations for the re-introduction of fishers into Washington.  Draft report submitted to the Fisher Science Team. Olympia, Washington, USA: Washington Department of Fish and Widlife.

Weckwerth, R. P. and Wright, P. L. (1968). Results of transplanting Fishers in Montana. Journal of Wildlife Management 32(4): 977-981.

Weinberg, D. H. and Paul, K. A. (2000). Carnivore survey findings on the Mendocino National Forest. 36. Red Bluff: U. S. Fish and Wildlife Service Red Bluff Fish and Wildlife Office.

Weir, R. D. (1994). Landscape habitat use by Fishers in central British Columbia. Northwest Science 68(2): 156.

Weir, R. D. (1995). Diet, spatial organization, and habitat relationships of fishers in south-central British Columbia. In Department of Biological Sciences: 139. Burnaby, British Columbia, USA: Simon Fraser University. Available at: http://www.artemiswildlife.com/Publications.htm

Weir, R. D. (2003). Status of the fisher in British Columbia. 38. Victoria, British Columbia, Canada: British Columbia Ministry of Sustainable Resource Management, Conservation Data Center, and the Ministry of Water, Land and Air Protection, Biodiversity Branch. Available at: http://www.artemiswildlife.com/Publications.htm

Weir, R. D. 2006. Fisher Ecology in the BWBS: Inventory and Research Year-end Report March 2006. Prepared for Louisiana-Pacific Canada Ltd., Dawson Creek and Ministry of Environment, Victoria, British Columbia. Artemis Wildlife Consultants, Armstrong, British Columbia.

Weir, R. D. 2007. Fisher Ecology in the Kiskatinaw Plateau Ecosection: Inventory and Research: Year-end Report. Artemis Wildlife Consultants.

Weir, R. D. 2008. Fisher Ecology in the Kiskatinaw Plateau Ecosection: Inventory and Research Year-End Report March 2008. Unpublished report, Artemis Wildlife Consultants, Armstrong, British Columbia. Available at: http://www.artemiswildlife.com/Publications.htm

Weir, R. D., Adams, I. T., Mowat, G. and Fontana, A. J. (2003). East Kootenay fisher assessment. Cranbrook, British Columbia, Canada: British Columbia Ministry of Water, Land, and Air Protection.

Weir, R. D. and F. B. Corbould. (2006). Density of fishers in the sub-boreal spruce biogeoclimatic zone of British Columbia. Northwestern Naturalist 87: 118-127. Available at: http://www.artemiswildlife.com/Publications.htm

Weir, R. D. and F. B. Corbould. 2007. Factors affecting diurnal activity of fisher in North-Central British Columbia Journal of Mammalogy 88:1508-1514. Available at: http://www.artemiswildlife.com/Publications.htm

Weir, R. D. and F. B. Corbould. 2007. Ecology of fishers in sub-boreal forests of north-central British Columbia. Peace Williston Fish and Wildlife Compensation Program Final Report No xxxx, Prince George, British Columbia, Canada.

Weir, R. D. and F. B. Corbould. 2008. Ecology of Fishers in sub-boreal forests of north-central British Columbia. Peace Williston Fish and Wildlife Compensation Program Final Report No 315, Prince George, British Columbia, Canada. Available at: http://www.artemiswildlife.com/Publications.htm

Weir, R. D., F. B. Corbould, and A. S. Harestad. 2004. Effect of ambient temperature on the selection of rest structures by fishers. Pages 187-197 in D. J. Harrison, A. K. Fuller, and G. Proulx, editors. Martens and Fishers (Martes) in human-altered environments: An international perspective. Springer Press, New York, New York, USA. Available at: http://www.artemiswildlife.com/Publications.htm

Weir, R. D. and Harestad, A. S. (1997). Landscape-level selectivity by fishers in south-central British Columbia. 252-264.

Weir, R. D. and Harestad, A. S. (2003). Scale-dependent habitat selectivity by fishers in south-central British Columbia. Journal of Wildlife Management 67(1): 73-82.

Weir, R. D., Harestad, A. S. and Wright, R. C. (2005). Winter diet of fishers in British Columbia. Northwestern Naturalist 86(1): 12-19. Available at: http://www.artemiswildlife.com/Publications.htm

Weir, R. D. e. a. (2005). Fisher diet in British Columbia. Northwest Naturalist.

Weir, R. D. 2007. Fisher Ecology in the Kiskatinaw Plateau Ecosection: Inventory and Research: Year-end Report. Artemis Wildlife Consultants.

Wharton, D. (1983). The Fisher returns. American Forests 89(9): 36-37.

Wight, H. M. (1974). Non-game wildlife and forest management. In WILDLIFE AND FOREST MANAGEMENT IN THE PACIFIC NORTHWEST; PROCEEDINGS OF A SYMPOSIUM P: 27-38.

Wilbert, C. J., Buskirk, S. W. and Gerow, K. G. (2000). Effects of weather and snow on habitat selection by American martens (Martes americana). Canadian Journal of Zoology 78(10): 1691-1696.

Wild, E. (1995). An interview with Susan Morse. Wild Earth 5(1): 32-37.

Wilkinson, T. (1998). Without a trace. 26-29.

Wilkinson, T. (2000). Emerging from obscurity. 30-34.

Williams, B. W., J. H. Gilbert, and P. A. Zollner. 2007. Historical Perspective on the Reintroduction of the Fisher and American Marten in Wisconsin and Michigan. United States Department of Agriculture Forest Service Northern Research Station General Technical Report NRS-5.

Williams, R., Rhodes, O., Williams, R. N., Rhodes, O. E., Jr., Serfass, T. L. and Rhodes, O. E., Jr. (2000). Assessment of genetic variance among source and reintroduced Fisher populations. Journal of Mammalogy 81(3): 895-907.

Williams, R. N. (1962). The fisher returns to Idaho. Idaho Wildlife Review 15(1): 8-9.

Williams, R. N., Page, L. K., Serfass, T. L., Rhodes, O. E., Jr. and Rhodes, O. E., Jr. (1999). Genetic polymorphisms in fishers (Martes pennanti). American Midland Naturalist 141(2): 406-410.

Wisely, S. M., Buskirk, S. W., Russell, G. A., Aubry, K. B., Zielinski, W. J. and Lessa, E. P. (2004). Genetic diversity and structure of the fisher (Martes pennanti) in a peninsular and peripheral metapopulation. Journal of Mammalogy 85(4): 640-648.

Wold, R. and Dixon, B. (2002). Remote camera surveys for forest carnivores. Intermountain Journal of Sciences 8(4): 269.

Wolsan, M. (1989). Dental polymorphism in the genus Martes (Carnivora: mustelidae) and its evolutionary significance. Acta Theriologica 34(40): 545-593.

Wright, P. L. and Coulter, M. W. (1967). Reproduction and growth in Maine Fishers. Journal of Wildlife Management 31(1): 70-87 | 70-86.


Y

Yaeger, J. S. 2005. Habitat at fisher resting sites in the Klamath Province of northern California. In Department of Natural Resources: 64. Arcata, California, USA: Humboldt State University.

Yocom, C. F., Michael, T. M. and Mc Collum, M. T. (1973). Status of the Fisher in northern California, Oregon, and Washington. California Fish and Game 59(4): 305-309.

York, E. (1996). Fisher population dynamics in north-central Massachusetts. 122. Amherst, Massachusetts, USA: University of Massachusetts.

York, E. C. and Fuller, T. K. (1994). Fisher population dynamics: In pursuit of lambda. 238-241.

York, E. C. and Fuller, T. K. (1997). Use of Implantable Microchips for Individual Identification of Fishers. 309-316.

Young, H. C. (1975). Pequam the fisher. Fir-Fish-Game 71(11): 16,17,48-50.

Youngman, P. M. (1993). The Pleistocene small carnivores of eastern Beringia Canadian Field-Naturalist 107(2): 139-163.


Z

Zalewsk, A., Jedrzejewski, W., Jedrzejewska, B. and Zalewski, A. (2004). Mobility and home range use by pine martens (Martes martes) in a Polish primeval forest. Ecoscience 11(1): 113-122.

Zalewski, A. (2000). Factors affecting the duration of activity by pine martens (Martes martes) in the Bialowieza National Park, Poland. Journal of Zoology 251(4): 439-447.

Zielinski, W. J. (1984). Plague in pine martens and the fles associated with its occurrence. Great Basin Naturalist 44(1): 170-175.

Zielinski, W. J. (1995). Track Plates.

Zielinski, W. J. (2000). Weasels and Martens - Carnivores in Northern Latitudes. 95-118.

Zielinski, W. J., Barrett, R. H. and Truex, R. L. (1997). Southern Sierra Nevada fisher and marten study: Progress Report IV. Arcata, California, USA: USDA Forest Service, Pacific Southwest Research Station.

Zielinski, W. J., Carroll, C. and Dunk, J. R. (2006). Using landscape suitability models to reconcile conservation planning for two key forest predators. Biological Conservation 133: 409-430.

Zielinski, W. J., Carroll, C. R. and Campbell, L. A. (1997). Using survey data to monitor population status and develop habitat models for fishers and other mesocarnivores: Progress Report I. Arcata, California, USA: USDA Forest Service, Pacific Southwest Research Station.

Zielinski, W. J. and Duncan, N. P. (2004). Diets of sympatric populations of American martens (Martes americana) and fishers (Martes pennanti) in California. Journal of Mammalogy 85(3): 470-477.

Zielinski, W. J., Duncan, N. P., Farmer, E. C., Truex, R. L., Clevenger, A. P. and Barrett, R. H. (1999). Diet of fishers (Martes pennanti) at the southernmost extent of their range. Journal of Mammalogy 80(3): 961-971 | 961.

Zielinski, W. J. and Gill, C. (1997). A sensitive measure of forest ecosystem health. US FOR SERV FOR RES WEST: 17-24.

Zielinski, W. J. and Kucera, T. E. (1995). American marten, fisher, lynx, and wolverine : survey methods for their detection. Albany, Calif.: U.S. Dept. of Agriculture Forest Service Pacific Southwest Research Station.

Zielinski, W. J. and Kucera, T. E. (1995). Introduction to Detection and Survey Methods. In AMERICAN MARTEN, FISHER, LYNX, AND WOLVERINE: SURVEY METHODS FOR THEIR DETECTION: 1-15. Zielinski, W. J. and Kucera, T. E. (Eds.). Arcata.

Zielinski, W. J., Kucera, T. E. and et al. (1995). Current distribution of the fisher, Martes pennanti, in California. California Fish and Game 81(3): 104-112.

Zielinski, W. J., Kucera, T. E. and Halfpenny, J. C. (1995). Definition and Distribution of Sample Units.

Zielinski, W. J. and Mori, S. (2001). What is the status and change in the geographic distribution and relative abundance of fishers?  Adaptive management strategy, Sierra Nevada framework, study plan. Arcata, California, USA: USDA Forest Service, Pacific Southwest Research Station.

Zielinski, W. J., Schlexer, F. V., Truex, R. L. and Campbell, L. A. (1999). A Preliminary Assessment of Live-trapping as a Technique to Estimate the Proportion of Reproductive Female Fishers. 18. Arcata: USDA Forest Service, Pacific Southwest Research Station.

Zielinski, W. J., Slauson, K. M., Bowles, A. E. and Yack, T. M. (2004). The effects of off-highway vehicles on American martens (Martes americana) in California: Progress Report I. USDA Forest Service and Hubbs-Sea World Research Institute.

Zielinski, W. J., Slauson, K. M., Carroll, C. R., Kent, C. J., Kudrna, D. G. and Kudrina, D. G. (2001). Status of American martens in coastal forests of the Pacific states. Journal of Mammalogy 82(2): 478-490 | 478.

Zielinski, W. J. and Stauffer, H. B. (1996). Monitoring Martes populations in California: survey design and power analysis. Ecological Applications 6(4): 1254-1267.

Zielinski, W. J. and Truex, R. L. (1995). Distinguishing tracks of Marten and Fisher at track-plate stations. Journal of Wildlife Management 59(3): 571-579 | 571.

Zielinski, W. J., Truex, R. L., Campbell, L. A., Carroll, C. R. and Schlezer, F. V. (2000). Systematic surveys as a basis for the conservation of carnivores in California forests - progress report II: 1996 - 1999.

Zielinski, W. J., Truex, R. L., Dunk, J. R. and Gaman, T. (2006). Using forest inventory data to assess fisher resting habitat suitability in California. Ecological Applications In Press.

Zielinski, W. J., Truex, R. L., Ogan, C. V., Busse, K. and et al. (1997). Detection surveys for fishers and American martens in California, 1989-1994: summary and interpretations. In Martes: Taxonomy, Ecology, Techniques, and Management, published by the Provincial Museum of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada Editors: Proulx, G; Bryant, H N; Woodard, P M: 372-392.

Zielinski, W. J., Truex, R. L., Schmidt, G. A., Schlexer, F. V., Schmidt, K. N. and Barrett, R. H. (2004). Resting habitat selection by fishers in California. Journal of Wildlife Management 68(3): 475-492.

Zielinski, W. J., Truex, R. L., Schmidt, G. A., Schlexer, F. V., Schmidt, K. N., Barrett, R. H. and O'Shea, T. J. (2004). Home range characteristics of fishers in California. Journal of Mammalogy 85(4): 649-657.