Wyoming Ecological Services
Mountain-Prairie Region

Federally Listed, Proposed & Candidate Species | Species of Concern | Migratory Birds | All Species By County

 

 

Species of Concern

 

Birds of Conservation Concern

Many species of migratory birds, including eagles and other raptors, are protected under the Migratory Bird Treaty Act, (MBTA) 16 U.S.C. 703 and Bald and Golden Eagle Protection Act (Eagle Act) 16 U.S.C. 668. The Service’s Birds of Conservation Concern (2008) report identifies “species, subspecies, and populations of all migratory nongame birds that, without additional conservation actions, are likely to become candidates for listing” under the Endangered Species Act (16 U.S.C 1531 et seq.). This report is intended to stimulate coordinated and proactive conservation actions among Federal, State, and private partners. 

The Wyoming Partners in Flight Wyoming Bird Conservation Plan identifies priority bird species and habitats, and establishes objectives for bird populations and habitats in Wyoming.  This plan also recommends conservation actions to accomplish the population and habitat objectives.

We encourage project planners to develop and implement protective measures for the Birds of Conservation Concern as well as other high priority species identified in the Wyoming Bird Conservation Plan.  In order to further promote the conservation of migratory bird populations and their habitats, Federal agencies should implement those strategies directed by Executive Order 13186, “Responsibilities of Federal Agencies To Protect Migratory Birds” (66 FR 3853). 

The MBTA specifically protects migratory birds and their nests from possession, sale, purchase, barter, transport, import, and export, and take.  The regulatory definition of take (50 CFR 10.12), means to pursue, hunt, shoot, wound, kill, trap, capture, or collect, or attempt to hunt, shoot, wound, kill, trap, capture, or collect. Work that could lead to the take of a migratory bird or eagle, their young, eggs, or nests (for example, if you are going to erect new roads, or power lines in the vicinity of a nest), should be coordinated with our office before any actions are taken. 

Listed in Table 1 below are the Birds of Conservation Concern that occur in Wyoming, with their conservation priority and primary habitat type as identified in the Wyoming Bird Conservation Plan.

The Birds of Conservation Concern Report divides geographical areas into “Bird Conservation Regions.”   Wyoming is included in portions of four Bird Conservation Regions: BCR 10 (Northern Rockies U.S. portion only), BCR 16 (Southern Rockies/Colorado Plateau), BCR 17 (Badlands and Prairies), and BCR 18 (Shortgrass Prairie). 

Conservation Priority: Level I (Conservation Action): Species clearly needs conservation action; Level II (Monitoring): The action and focus for the species is monitoring (M). Declining population trend and habitat loss are not significant at this point; Level III (Local Interest): Species that Wyoming Partners In Flight may recommend for conservation action (CA) that are not otherwise high priority but are of local interest (LI); Level IV (Not Considered Priority): Additional species of concern, but not considered a priority species.

Table 1.  Birds of Conservation Concern that occur in Wyoming

Common name

Scientific Name

Bird Conservation Region (BCR)

Conservation Priority from the Wyoming Bird Conservation Plan

Primary Habitat Type(s) from the Wyoming Bird Conservation Plan

American Bittern

Botaurus lentiginosus

BCR 16, BCR 17

Level I (Conservation Action)

Wetlands

Baird's Sparrow

Ammodramus bairdii

BCR 17

Level I (Conservation Action)

Shortgrass Prairie

Bald Eagle (b)

Haliaeetus leucocephalus

BCR 10 , BCR 16 , BCR 17, BCR 18

Level I (Conservation Action)

Montane Riparian, Plains/Basin Riparian

Brewer's Sparrow

Spizella breweri

BCR 10 , BCR 16 , BCR 17

Level I (Conservation Action)

Shrub-steppe, Mountain-foothills Shrub

Burrowing Owl

Athene cunicularia

BCR 16 , BCR 17 , BCR 18

Level I (Conservation Action)

Shortgrass Prairie

Ferruginous Hawk

Buteo regalis

BCR 10 , BCR 16 , BCR 17

Level I (Conservation Action)

Shrub-steppe, Shortgrass Prairie

Long-billed Curlew

Numenius americanus

BCR 10 , BCR 16  , BCR 17 , BCR 18

Level I (Conservation Action)

Shortgrass Prairie, Meadows

McCown's Longspur

Calcarius mccownii

BCR 10 , BCR 17 , BCR 18

Level I (Conservation Action)

Shortgrass Prairie

Mountain Plover

Charadrius montanus

BCR 16 , BCR 17 , BCR 18

Level I (Conservation Action)

Shortgrass Prairie, Shrub-steppe

Peregrine Falcon (b)

Falco peregrinus

BCR 10 , BCR 16 , BCR 17

Level I (Conservation Action)

Specialized (cliffs)

Sage Sparrow

Amphispiza belli

BCR 10 , BCR 17

Level I (Conservation Action)

Shrub-steppe, Mountain-foothills Shrub

Short-eared Owl

Asio flammeus

BCR 17

Level I (Conservation Action)

Shortgrass Prairie, Meadows

Swainson's Hawk

Buteo swainsoni

BCR 10

Level I (Conservation Action)

Plains/Basin Riparian

Upland Sandpiper

Bartramia longicauda

BCR 10 , BCR 17 ,  BCR 18

Level I (Conservation Action

Shortgrass Prairie

Black-billed Cuckoo

Coccyzus erythropthalmus

BCR 17

Level II (Monitoring)

Plains/Basin Riparian

Calliope Hummingbird

Stellula calliope

BCR 10

Level II (Monitoring)

Mid Elevation Conifer, Montane Riparian

Chestnut-collared Longspur

Calcarius ornatus

BCR 16, BCR 17 , BCR 18

Level II (Monitoring)

Shortgrass Prairie

Dickcissel

Spiza americana

BCR 17

Level II (Monitoring)

Shortgrass Prairie

Grasshopper Sparrow

Ammodramus savannarum

BCR 16 , BCR 17

Level II (Monitoring)

Shortgrass Prairie, Shrub-steppe

Juniper Titmouse

Baeolophus ridgwayi

BCR 16

Level II (Monitoring)

Juniper Woodland

Lark Bunting

Calamospiza melanocorys

BCR 18 (Shortgrass Prairie)

Level II (Monitoring)

Shortgrass Prairie, Shrub-steppe

Lewis's Woodpecker

Melanerpes lewis

BCR 10 , BCR 16, BCR 17 , BCR 18

Level II (Monitoring)

Low Elevation Conifer, Plains/Basin Riparian

Loggerhead Shrike

Lanius ludovicianus

BCR 10, BCR 17

Level II (Monitoring)

Shrub-steppe

Olive-sided Flycatcher

Contopus cooperi

BCR 10

Level II (Monitoring)

High Elevation Conifer, Mid Elevation Conifer

Sage Thrasher

Oreoscoptes montanus

BCR 10 , BCR 17

Level II (Monitoring)

Shrub-steppe

Snowy Plover (c)

Charadrius alexandrinus

BCR 16, BCR 18

Level II (Monitoring)

Wetlands

Williamson's Sapsucker

Sphyrapicus thyroideus

BCR 10

Level II (Monitoring)

Mid Elevation Conifer

Willow Flycatcher (c)

Empidonax traillii

BCR 10, BCR 16 , BCR 18

Level II (Monitoring)

Montane Riparian, Plains/Basin Riparian

Yellow-billed Cuckoo (w. U.S. DPS) (a)

Coccyzus americanus

BCR 10 , BCR 16

Level II (Monitoring)

Plains/Basin Riparian

Black Rosy-Finch

Leucosticte atrata

BCR 10 , BCR 16

Level III (Local Interest)

Alpine Tundra/Grassland, Specialized (cliffs)

Brown-capped Rosy-Finch

Leucosticte australis

BCR 16

Level III (Local Interest)

Alpine Tundra/Grassland, Specialized (cliffs)

Golden Eagle

Aquila chrysaetos

BCR 16 , BCR 17, BCR 18

Level III (Local Interest)

Specialized (cliffs)

Prairie Falcon

Falco mexicanus

BCR 16 , BCR 17

Level III (Local Interest)

Specialized (cliffs)

Red-headed Woodpecker

Melanerpes erythrocephalus

BCR 17

Level III (Local Interest)

Plains/Basin Riparian, Low Elevation Conifer

Veery

Catharus fuscescens

BCR 16

Level III (Local Interest)

Montane Riparian

Cassin's Finch

Carpodacus cassinii

BCR 10 , BCR 16

Level IV (Not Considered Priority)

Mid Elevation Conifer, High Elevation Conifer

Pinyon Jay

Gymnorhinus cyanocephalus

BCR 16, BCR 17

Level IV (Not Considered Priority)

Juniper Woodland

Sprague's Pipit

Anthus spragueii

BCR 17 , BCR 18

Not Listed

 

Yellow Rail

Coturnicops noveboracensis

BCR 17

Not Listed

 

Black Swift

Cypseloides niger

BCR 10

Not Listed

 

Marbled Godwit

Limosa fedoa

BCR 17

Not Listed

 

Flammulated Owl

Otus flammeolus

BCR 10 , BCR 16

Not Listed

 

Horned Grebe

Podiceps auritus

BCR 17

Not Listed

 

Table 1 Note: Under “Common Name” we have included information related to status under the Endangered Species Act: (a) ESA candidate, (b) ESA delisted, and (c) non-listed subspecies or population of Threatened or Endangered species.

References

66 FR 3853 - Presidential Documents.  Executive Order 13186 of January 10, 2001.  Responsibilities of Federal Agencies To Protect Migratory Birds.  Federal Register January 17, 2001.

U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. 2008. Birds of Conservation Concern 2008. United States Department of Interior, Fish and Wildlife Service, Division of Migratory Bird Management, Arlington, Virginia. 85 pp. [Online version available at <http://www.fws.gov/migratorybirds/>]

Nicholoff, S. H., compiler. 2003. Wyoming Bird Conservation Plan, Version 2.0. Wyoming Partners In Flight. Wyoming Game and Fish Department, Lander, WY.

Last updated: June 13, 2014