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Coordination With the Service's Wyoming Field Office
Coordinate with the Service’s Wyoming Field Office as early in project development as possible. Siting a wind-energy facility to minimize wildlife impacts requires knowledge of species presence, abundance, behavior, and habitat (NRC 2007). Determining a project layout that will effectively reduce the likelihood of wildlife impacts will depend upon a thorough understanding of the use patterns of wildlife in and around the project site (e.g., daily and seasonal movements).
Survey areas should include all areas of potential project impacts to wildlife and their habitats. To delineate the survey area, identify project elements (e.g., turbines, roads, power lines, batch plant, meteorological towers) and wildlife use areas that may be impacted by them, even if they occur outside of the project footprint (e.g., eagle roosts). Project elements include those present during any phase of preconstruction and project construction, production, and maintenance. The size of the survey area should provide options for modifying development plans (e.g., turbine locations), since this may be the most cost-effective means of addressing wildlife concerns. If a take permit for eagles will be pursued, contact the Service’s Wyoming Field Office and consult the Service’s Eagle Conservation Plan Guidance for additional information.
For information on wildlife resource issues refer to:
Service’s Wyoming Field Office’s website: http://www.fws.gov/wyominges for federally-listed species, migratory birds and species of management concern;
WGFD Wildlife Action Plan: http://gf.state.wy.us/web2011/wildlife-1000407.aspx;
Greater sage-grouse core area map: http://gf.state.wy.us/wildlife/wildlife_management/ sagegrouse/gov_sagegrousecoreareas_v2final.pdf;
BLM sensitive species list: http://www.blm.gov/pgdata/etc/medialib/blm/wy/wildlife.Par.9226.File.dat/02species.pdf; and
USFS Sensitive Species List (contact Ranger Districts for specific information): http://www.fs.fed.us/r2/projects/scp/sensitivespecies/index.shtml.
Early in the planning process, a technical advisory committee may be formed. The committee may review pre- and post-construction monitoring and make recommendations for monitoring, adaptive management, and/or mitigation. Representatives from the project development company and their wildlife consultant, and biologists from applicable agencies such as the BLM, USFS, WGFD, and the Service may be included.