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Appendix B: Avian Protection Plan Development General Guidelines
Voluntary Avian Protection Plans (APP) Recommendations for Wind Energy Development in Wyoming
Avian Survey Recommendations for Wind Energy, Avian Protection Plans in Wyoming
A Wind Energy APP+ depends on avian surveys beginning with project site selection and continuing through project development and operation.
+Wind Energy Avian Protection Plans (APP) include (1) comprehensive pre and post construction avian surveys, (2) identification of project elements that are threats to avian species, and (3) project management to avoid and minimize avian threats through (a) project design and layout, (b) conservation measures applied during construction, and (c) conservation measures implemented during operation and adapted to changing situations.
Contents of Wind Energy Avian Protection Plans
- Corporate policy: Statement of company commitment to protect migratory birds.
- Description of the Project action covered by the APP.
- Pre-construction avian surveys: Survey methodologies (with survey results provided in appendices).
- Pre-construction planning: Description of plans to minimize and avoid avian impacts through project infra-structure design, layout, construction, and operation modifications based on survey results provided in appendices.
- Avian Monitoring during Construction and Operations: Description of ongoing and adaptive avian monitoring methodologies (based on survey results provided in appendices).
- Personnel Training: Description and schedule of training for all personnel (supervisors, construction, operation, and maintenance, and others) on reasons, needs, and procedures for avoiding and minimizing impacts to avian species and reporting of avian concerns such as injuries, fatalities and nest disturbance. Proactive reporting, e.g. reporting avian concerns prior to avian injury or fatality is emphasized.
- Avian Risk Assessment: Methods for evaluating threats to avian species. Threat assessments begin with pre-construction surveys to identify the presence and use patterns of species likely to be impacted by construction and operation. Threat assessments involve monitoring through-out project operation and may require involvement of avian experts for development of adaptive management to reduce threats.
- Threat reduction measures: Timeline descriptions of what/where/when/how remedial actions are/will be focused. Threat reduction measures are listed, prioritized and scheduled. Descriptions of how measure will be implemented.
- Quality control: Review of threat reduction management actions and results. Modify or refine threat reduction measures with new information, changes in species concerns, or with technological innovations. Independent assessments and research on the effectiveness of different techniques/technologies used to avoid or minimize risks may be needed.
- Studies: Sstudies to investigtae project-specific threat reduction measures.
- Permits: Description of process and identification of responsible parties for obtaining and complying with migratory bird permits.
- Reporting: Reporting requirements, needs, formats and schedules
- Mitigation/ Avian enhancement options: Mitigation to offset habitat loss and/or enhancement of avian populations or habitat that may include working cooperatively with agencies or organizations.
- List of key resources: Resources for addressing migratory bird protection including experts to call to aid in resolving avian issues.
- Public education: Information on avian issues in wind energy development and avian protection programs.