White River National Wildlife Refuge
Southeast Region
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Trees, Shrubs, Vines and Herbaceous Plants on White River NWR

Trees
  Black oak
Southern red oak
Blackjack oak
Water oak
Shumard oak
Cherrybark oak
Northern red oak
Willow oak
Nuttall oak
Post oak
Overcup oak
Durand oak
White oak
Swamp chestnut oak
Boxelder
Silver maple
Red Maple
Sycamore
American elm
Slippery elm
Winged-elm
Sweet pecan
Swamp hickory
Black walnut
Shellbark hickory
Pignut hickory
Shagbark hickory
Black hickory
Mockernut hickory
Bitternut hickory
Bitter pecan
Sugarberry
White ash
Green ash
Persimmon
Sweetgum
Blackgum
Water tupelo
Bald cypress
Black willow
Honeylocust
Waterlocust
Eastern red cedar
Loblolly pine
Sassafras
Black cherry
Basswood
Cottonwood
Red mulberry
Osage Orange
Mimosa
Catalpa
Quercus velutina Lam.)
Quercus falcata Michx. var. falcata)
Quercus marilandica
Muench.
Quercus nigra
L.
Quercus shumardii Buckl.
Quercus pagoda (Michx.) Ell.
Quercus palustris
Muench.
Quercus phellos L.
Quercus nuttallii
Nutt.
Quercus stellata
Wang. var. stellata
Quercus lyrata
Walt.
Quercus incana
Bartr.
Quercus alba L.
Quercus michauxii Nutt.
Acer negundo
L.
Acer saccharinum L.
Acer rubrum L. var. rubrum
Plantanus occidentalis L.
Ulmus americana L.
Ulmus rubra Muhl
Ulmus alata Michx.
Carya illinoensis (Wang.) K. Koch
Carya leiodermis Sarg.
Juglans nigra L.
Carya laciniosa Schneid.
Carya glabra Sweet.
Carya ovata K. Koch.
Carya texana Buckl.
Carya tomentosa Nutt.
Carya cordiformis K. Koch
Carya aquatica (Michx. F.) Britton
Celtis laevigata Willd.
Fraxinus americana L.
Fraxinus pennsylvanica Marsh.
Diospyros virginiana L.
Liquidambar styraciflua L.
Nyssa slyvatica Marsh.
Nyssa aquatica L.
Taxodium distichum (L.) Rich.
Salix nigra Marsh.
Gleditsia triacanthos L.
Gleditsia aquatica Marsh.
Juniperus virginiana L.
Pinus taeda L.
Sassafras albidum (Nutt.) Nees
Prunus serotina Ehrh.
Tilia americana L.
Populus deltoids Marsh.
Morus rubra L.
Maclura pomifera (Raf.) Schneid.
Albizia julibrissin Durazz. (Non-native)
Catalpa speciosa Warder (Non-native)
Shrubs
  Parseley hawthorn
Hawthorn
Hawthorn
Swamp privet
Possumhaw
Button bush
Snowbell
Tree sparkleberry
Blackhaw
Water elm
Spice bush
Strawberry bush
Elderberry
Flowering dogwood
Swamp dogwood
Gum bumelia
Blue beech
Eastern hophornbeam
Eastern red bud
Witch hazel
Eastern baccharis
Wild plum
Smooth sumac
Winged sumac
Fragrant sumac
False indigo
Sweet leaf
Beauty berry
European privet

Crataegus marshallii
Crataegus opaca
Crataegus viridus
Foresteria accuminata
Ilex decidua
Cephalanthus occidentalis
Styrax americana
Vaccinium arboretum
Viburnum nudum
Planera aquatica
Lindera benzoin
Euonymus americanus
Sambucus canadensis
Cornus florida
Cornus foemina
Bumelia lanuginosa
Carpinus caroliniana
Ostrya virginiana
Cercis Canadensis
Hamamelis virginiana
Baccharis halimifolia
Prunus
spp.
Rhus glabra
Rhus copallina
Rhus aromatica
var. aromatica
Amorpha fruiticosa
Symplocus tinctoria
(L.) L’Her.
Callacarpa americana L.
Ligustrum vulgare (Non-native)
Woody and Herbaceous Vines
  Cross-vine
Cat briar
Greenbriar
Greenbriar
Greenbriar
Greenbriar
Greenbriar
Climbing milkweed
Pepper vine
False grape
Muscadine
Summer grape
Grape
Virginia creeper
Climbing dogbane
Balloon vine
Trumpet Creeper
Poison-ivy
Rattan vine
Blackberry
Dewberry
Morning glory
Morning glory
Climbing hempweed
Climbing fern
Wisteria
Wisteria
Red-vine
Carolina moonseed
Creeping cucumber
Wild cucumber
Common vetch
Vetch
Vetch
Vetch
Vetch
Yellow jessimine
Yellow passion flower
Passion flower
Bell flower
Bignonia capreolata L.
Smilax bona-nox L.
Smilax tamnoides L.
Smilax rotundifolia L.
Smilax glauca Walt.
Smilax smallii Morong
Smilax laurifolia L.
Gonolobus gonocarpus (Walt.) Perry
Ampelopsis arborea (L.) Koehne
Ampelopsis cordata Michx.
Vitis rotundifolia Michx.
Vitis aestivalis Michx.
Vitis palmata Vahl.
Parthenosiscus quinquefolia (L.) Planchon
Trachelospermum difforme (Walt.) Gray
Cardiospermum halicacabum L.
Campsis radicans (L.) Seem.
Toxicodendron radicans (L.) Kuntze
Berchemia scandens (Hill) K. Koch
Rubus trivialis Michx.
Rubus flagellaris Willd.
Ipomea pandurata (L.) Mey.
Ipomea lacunosa L.
Mikania scandens (L.) Willd.
Lygodium palmatum (Bernh.) Swartz
Wisteria floribunda (Willd.) DC.
Wisteria frutescens (L.) Poir. (Non-Native)
Brunnichia ovata (Walt.) Shinners
Cocculus carolinus (L.) DC.
Melothria pendula L.
Cucumis melo L. var. dudaim Naud.
Vicia sativa L.
Vicia tetrasperma (L.) Moench.
Vicia caroliniana Walt.
Vicia villosa Roth subsp. villosa
Vicia ludoviciana var. leavenworth
Gelsemium sempervirens (L.) Jaume St. Hill
Passiflora lutea L.
Passiflora incarnata L.
Clematis crispa L. 
Broad-Leaf Herbaceous Plants
  Jump seed
Smartweed
Smartweed
Smartweed
Smartweed
Smartweed
Virginia Snakeroot
Wood sorrel
Wild petunia
Marsh elder
Wild parsely
Dandelion
Hemp sesbania
Water willow

Pigweed
Indian heliotrope
Heliotrope
Pigweed
Day-flower
Butterweed
Goldenrod
Shepard’s purse
Cress
Three-seeded mercury
Pale corydalis
Wood sage
Pokeweed
Smooth buttonweed
Bedstraw
Ground cherry
Ground cherry
Ground cherry
Black snakeroot
Sting nettle
False nettle
Corn salad
Violet
Boneset
Boneset
Boneset .
Dock
Lizard’s tail
Horse nettle
St. John’s wort
Ironweed
Cocklebur Xanthium strumarium L.
Milkweed
Butterfly milkweed
Fireweed
Aster
Henbit
Henbit
Buttercup
Buttercup
Blue star
Blue water leaf
Blazing star
Geranium
Clover
Venus’ looking glass
Venus’ looking glass

Primrose
Sow thistle
Goat weed
Buttonweed
Rose mallow
Dogbane
Yellow cress
Carpet-weed
Monkey flower
Beef-steak plant
Bearsfoot
Milfoil

Dicliptera
Pigweed
Giant arrowleaf

Grass-leafed arrowhead
Prairie mimosa
Polygonum virginianum L.
Polygonum hydropiperoides Michx.
Polygonum tenue Michx.
Polygonum lapathifolium L.
Polygonum pennsylvanicum L.
Polygonum punctatum Ell.
Aristilochia serpenteria L.
Oxalis dillenii Jacq.
Ruellia humilis Nutt.
Iva annua L.
Trepocarpus aethusae Nutt.
Krigia dandelion
Sesbania macrocarpa
Justicia ovata (Walt.) Lindau var. lanceolata (Chapm.) R.W. Long
Amaranthus albus L.
Heliotropium indicum L.
Heliotropium procumbens P. Mill.
Chenopodium album L. var. album
Commelina virginica L.
Senecio glabellus Poir.
Solidago canadensis L.
Capsella bursa-pastoris (L.) Medic.
Cardamine hirsute L.
Acalypha rhomboidea Raf.
Corydalis flavula (Raf.) DC.
Teucrium canadense L. var. canadense
Phytolacca americana L.
Spermacoce glabra Michx.
Gallium aparine L.
Physalis angulata L.
Physalis pubescens L.
Physalis virginiana L.
Sanicula canadensis L.
Urtica chamaedryoides L.
Boehmeria cylindrical (L.) Sw.
Valerianella radiata (L.) Dufr.
Viola sororia Willd. var. sororia
Eupatorium coelistium L
Eupatorium rugosum Houtt.
Eupatorium sessilifolium L
Rumex crispus L.
Saururus cernuus L.
Solanum carolinense L.
Hypericum hypericoides (L.) Crantz.
Vernonia arkansana DC.
Asclepias perennis Walt.
Asclepias tuberosa
Erechtites hieraciifolia (L.) Raf. ex. DC.
Aster pilosus Willd.
Lamium amplexicaule L.
Lamium purpureum L.
Ranunculus muricatus L.
Ranunculus sardous Crantz.
Ranunculus sardous Crantz.
Amsonia tabernaemontana Walt.
Hydrolea ovata Nutt.
Liatris pycnostachya Michx.
Geranium dissectum L.
Trifolium resupinatum L.
Triodonis perfoliata (L.) Nieuwl. var. perfoliata
Tridonis perfoliata (L.) Nieuwl. var. biflora (R.&P.) Bradley
Oenothera speciosa Nutt.
Sonchus asper (L.) Hill
Croton glandulosus L. var. septentrionalis Muell. Arg.
Diodia virginiana L.
Hibiscus lasiocarpus Cav.
Apocynum cannabinum L.
Rorippa sylvestris (L.) Bess.
Molluga verticillata L.
Mimulus alatus Ait.
Perilla frutescens (L.) Britt.
Polymnia uvedalia (L.) L.
Acmella oppositifolia (Lam.) R.K. Jansen var. repens (Walt.) R.K. Jansen
Dicliptera brachiata (Pursh.) Spreng.
Amaranthus rudis Sauer
Sagittaria montevidensis
Cham. &Schl. subsp. calycine (Engelm.) Bogin
Sagittaria graminea
Michx.
Desmanthus illinoensis
(Michx.) MacM. ex. Rob. & Fern
Grasses
  Paspalum
Paspalum
Sedge
Sedge
Sedge
Cherokee sedge
Sea oats
Cutgrass
Cutgrass
Sprangletop
Sprangletop
Barnyard grass
Barnyard grass
Johnson grass
Panic grass
Panic grass
Foxtail grass
Millet
Millet
Paspalum dilatatum Poir.
Paspalum repens Berg.
Carex crus-corvi Shuttlw. ex. Kuntze
Carex complanata Torr. & Hook var. complanata
Cyperus odoratus L.
Carex cherokeensis Schwein.
Chasmanthium latifolium (Michx.) Yates
Leersia lenticularis Michx.
Leersia virginica Willd.
Leptochloa filiformis (Lam.) Beauv.
Leptochloa panicoides (Presl.) H. & C.
Echinochloa colona (L.) Link
Echinochloa crusgalli (Beauv.) Fern.
Sorghum halepense (L.) Pers.
Panicum laxiflorum Lam.
Panicum capillare L.
Setaria glauca (L.) Beauv.
Pennisetum americannum (L.) Schum.
Pennisetum alapecuroides (L.) Spreng.
 

 

Species compiled by James E. Kellum, Refuge Forester, White River National Wildlife Refuge.

Identification and scientific names compiled from the following literature.

  • Duncan, W. H. and M. B. Duncan. 1988. Trees of the southeastern United States. University of Georgia Press, Athens, GA, 322 pp.
  • Godfrey, R. K. and J. W. Wooten. 1981. Aquatic and wetland plants of the southeastern United States: dicotyledons. Univ. of Georgia Press, Athens, GA, 933 pp.
  • Radford, A.E., H.E. Ahles and C.R. Bell. 1968. Manual of the vascular flora of the Carolinas. Univ. North Carolina Press, Chapel Hill, NC, 1183 pp.
  • Smith, Edwin B. 1994. Keys to the flora of Arkansas. Univ. Arkansas Press, Fayetteville, AR, 363 pp.
  • Smith, E. B. 1988. An atlas and annotated list of the vascular plants of Arkansas, 2nd edition, Univ. of Arkansas at Fayetteville, 489 pp.

Last updated: May 10, 2013