White River National Wildlife Refuge
Southeast Region
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Reptiles and Amphibians of White River National Wildlife Refuge


Toads and Tree Frogs
Eastern narrow mouthed toad (Gastropyhne carolinensis)
Dwarf American toad (Bufo americanus charlesmithi)
Fowler's toad (Bufo woodhousei fowleri)
American toad (Bufo americanus)
Green tree frog (Hyla cinerea)
Gray tree frog (Hyla versicolor)
Northern spring peeper (Hyla crucifer)
Upland chorus frog (Psuedacris triseriata)
Northern cricket frog (Acris crepitans)
True Frogs
Bullfrog (Rana catesbeiana)
Southern leopard frog (Rana spehnocephala)
Bronze frog (Rana clamitans clamitans)
Pickerel frog (Rana palustris)
Green frog (Rana clamitans melanota)
Newts and Salamanders
Western lesser siren (Siren intermedia)
Three-toed amphiuma (Amphiuma tridactylum)
Red river mudpuppies (Necturus maculosus)
Central newt (Notophthalmus viridecens)
Small-mouthed salamander (Ambystoma texanum)
Marbled salamander (Ambstoma opacum)
Spotted salamander (Ambystoma macualtum)
Mole salamander (Ambystoma talpoiduem)
Eastern tiger salamander (Ambystoma tigrinum tigrinum)
Alligator snapping turtle (Macroclemys temminickii)
Common snapping turtle (Chelydra serpentina)
Stinkpot (Common musk turtle) (Sternotherus odoratus)
Razorback musk turtle (Sternotherus carinatus)
Mississippi mud turtle (Kinosternon subrubum)
Ouachita map turtle (Graptemys pseudogeograhica)
Mississippi map turtle (Graptemys kohnii)
Southern painted turtle (Chrysemys picta dorasalis)
River cooter (Pseudemys concinna)
Red-ear slider (Trachemys scripta elegans)
Three-toed box turtle (Terrapene carolina)
Western chicken turtle (Deirochelys reticularia)
Eastern spiny softshell (Apalone spinifera spinifera)
Midland smooth softshell (Apalone mutica)
Western spiny softshell (Apalone spinifera hartwegi)
Northern fence lizard (Sceloporus undulates)
Ground skink (Scincella lateralis)
Five-lined skink (Eumeces fasciatus)
Broad-headed skink (Eumeces laticeps)
Six-lined racerunner (Cnemidophorus sexlineatus sexlineatus)
Prairie racerunner (Cnemidophorus sexlineatus viridus)
Slender glass lizard (Ophisaurus attenuatus)
Green anole (Anolis carolinensis)
Non-poisonous Snakes
Broad-banded water snake (Nerodia fasciata)
Yellow-bellied water snake (Nerodia erythrogaster)
Diamondback water snake (Nerodia rhombifer)
Mississippi green water snake (Nerodia cyclopion)
Graham's crayfish snake (Regina grahamii)
Eastern garter snake (Thamnophis sirtalis)
Western ribbon snake (Thamnophis proximus)
Western earth snake (Virginia valeriae)
Rough earth snake (Viginia striatula)
Northern red-bellied snake (Storeria occipitomaculata)
Midland brown snake (Storeria dekayi)
Eastern hognose snake (Heterodon platirhinos)
Mississippi worm snake (Camphophis amoenus)
Mississippi ringneck snake (Diadophis punctatus)
Rough green snake (Opheodrys aestivus)
Southern black racer (Coluber constrictor priapus)
Black rat snake (Elaphe obsolete)
Gray rat snake (Elaphe obsolete spiloides)
Northern scarlet snake (Cemophora coccinea)
Red milk snake (Lampropeltis triangulum)
Speckled kingsnake (Lampropeltis getula)
Prairie kingsnake (Lampropeltis calligaster)
Western mud snake (Faracina abacura)
Poisonous snakes
Western cottonmouth (Agkistrodon piscivorus)
Eastern cottonmouth (Agkistrodon contortrix contortrix)
Western pygmy rattlesnake (Sistrurus miliarius)
Timber rattlesnake (Crotalus horridus)
Canebrake rattlesnake (Crotalus horridus atricaudatus)
Southern copperhead (Agkistrodon contortrix)
American alligator (Alligator mississpiensis)


Last updated: May 10, 2013