White River National Wildlife Refuge
Southeast Region
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Birds of White River National Wildlife Refuge

COMMON NAME(Scientific Name) Spring Summer Fall Winter
Grebes
Pie-billed Grebe (Podilymbus podiceps) U U U U
Cormorants
Double-crested Cormorant (Phalacrocorax auritus)> U   U O
Anhinga
American Anhinga (Anhinga anhinga) U U U  
Herons, Bitterns, Egrets, and Storks
Least Bittern (Ixobrychus exilis) O O O R
Little Blue Heron (Florida caerula) C C C  
Green Heron (Butorides striatus) U U U  
Black-crowned Night Heron (Nycticorax nycticorax) O R O  
Yellow-crowned Night Heron (Nyctanassa violacea) U U U  
Great Egret (Casmerodius albus) U U U  
Cattle Egret (Bubulcus ibis) C U C  
Snowy Egret (Egretta thula) R R R  
Wood Stork (Mycteria americana)     R  
Ducks and Geese
Canada Goose (Branta canadensis) C   C C
Wood Duck (Aix sponsa) C C C C
Green-winged Teal (Anas crecca) C   C U
Blue-winged Teal (Anas discors) C   C R
American Black Duck (Anas rubripes) O   U U
Mallard (Anas platyrhynchos)> A O A A
Gadwall (Anas strepera) U   C C
Common Pintail (Anas acuta) O   U U
American Wigeon (Anas Americana) C   C C
Nothern Shoveler (Anas clypeata) U   U U
Canvasback (Aythya valisineria) O   U U
Redhead (Aythya Americana) U   O U
Ring-necked Duck (Aythya collaris) U   C C
Lesser Scaup (Aythya affinis) O   U U
Common Goldeneye (Bucephala clangula) O     O
Bufflehead (Bucephala albeola) O   O O
Hooded Merganser (Lophodytes cucullatus) U U U U
Common Merganser (Mergus merganser) R     R
Ruddy Duck (Oxyura jamaicensis) U   U U
Hawks, Eagles, Osprey, and Vultures
Red-tailed Hawk (Buteo jamaicensis) C U C C
Red-shouldered Hawk (Buteo lineatus)

U U U U
Broad-winged Hawk (Buteo platypterus) U U    
Cooper’s Hawk (Accipter cooperi) O   O O
Sharp-shinned Hawk (Accipter striatus) U   U O
American Kestrel (Falco sparverius) C O O C
Merlin (Falco columbarius)        
Northern Harrier(Circus cyaneus) U   C C
Mississippi Kite (Ictinia mississippiensis) O U U  
Swallow-tailed Kite (Elanoides forficatus)        
Turkey Vulture (Cathartes aura) U U U U
Black Vulture (Coragyps atratus) U U U U
Turkeys and Quail
Wild Turkey (Melleagris gallopavo) C C C C
Common Bobwhite (Colinus virginianus) U U U U
Rail, Gallinules, and Coot
King Rail (Rallus elegans) O O O O
American Coot (Fulica Americana) U O U O
Common Gallinule (Gallinula chloropus)   U    
Purple Gallinule (Porphyrula martinica) O O O  
Shorebirds
Least Sandpiper (Calidris minutilla) C U C R
Killdeer (Charadrius vociferous) C C C C
American Woodcock (Philohela minor) O O O U
Common Snipe (Gallinago gallinago) C     c
Gulls and Terns
Least Tern (Sterna albifrons) R R    
Herring Gull (Larus argentatus) O   O O
Ring-billed Gull (Larus delawarensis)> O   U U
Doves and Cuckoos
Mourning Dove (Zenaida macroura)        
Yellow-billed Cuckoo (Coccyzus americanus) C C O  
Owls
Eastern Screech Owl (Otus asio) O O U U
Barred Owl (Strix varia) C C C C
Great Horned Owl (Bubo virginianus) U U U U
Barn Owl (Tyto alba) R R R R
Long-eared Owl (Asio otus)        
Short-eared Owl (Asio flammeus) O     O
Swifts, Swallows, Hummingbirds, and Kingfishers
Ruby-throated Hummingbird (Archilochus colubris) C C C  
Belted Kingfisher (Megaceryle alcyon) U U U U
Barn Swallow (Hirundo rustica) C C C  
Rough-winged Swallow (Stelgidopteryx ruficollis)

C C C  
Chimney Swift (Chaetura pelagica) C C C  
Common Nighthawk (Chordeiles minor)

U U U  
Whip-poor-will (Caprimulgus vociferous)

O   O  
Chuck-wills-widow (Caprimulgus carolinensis)

U U    
Purple Martin (Progne subis) U U O  
Woodpeckers
Red-headed Woodpecker (Melanerpes erythrocephalus) C C C C
Pileated Woodpecker (Dryocopus pileatus) C C C C
Downy Woodpecker (Picoides pubescens) C C C C
Hairy Woodpecker (Picoides villosus) U U U U
Northern Flicker (Colaptes auratus) C C C C
Yellow-bellied Sapsucker (Sphyrapicus varius) U   U C
Flycatchers
Great-crested Flycatcher (Myiarchus crinitus) C C    
Eastern Kingbird (Tyrannus tyrannus) C U C  
Eastern Phoebe (Sayornis phoebe) U   O U
Eastern Wood-Pewee (Contopus virens) C C C  
Larks, Jays, and Crows
Horned Lark (Eremophila alpestris) C U C A
Fish Crow (Corvus ossifragus) U U U O
American Crow (Corvus brachyrhynchos) O R O O
Blue Jay (Cyanocitta cristata) C C C C
Chickadees, Titmouse, Nuthatch, and Creeper
Carolina Chickadee (Parus carolinensis) C C C C
Tufted Titmouse (Parus bicolor) C C C C
White-breasted Nuthatch (Sitta carolinensis) U U U U
Brown Creeper (Certhia americana) O   O U
Red-breasted Nuthatch (Sitta canadensis)       R
Wrens
Bewick’s Wren (Thyromanes bewickii) U R U U
Carolina Wren (Thyrothorus ludovicianus) C C C C
Winter Wren (Troglodytes troglodytes) U   U U
Sedge Wren (Cistothorus platensis) O   O R
Thrushes, Mockingbirds, and Thrashers
Northern Mockingbird (Mimus plyglottos) U U C C
Gray Catbird (Dumetella carolinensis) O O O R
Brown Thrasher (Toxostoma rufum) C U C C
Wood Thrush (Hylocichla mustelina) C C C  
American Robin (Turdus migratorius) C U U A
Hermit Thrush (Catharus guttatus) C   O C
Eastern Bluebird (Sialia sialis)

U U U U
Waxwings, Shrikes, and Starlings
Loggerhead Shrike (Lanius ludovicianus) U U U C
European Starling (Sturnus vulgaris) A C A A
Cedar Waxwing (Bombycilla cedrorum) C   O C
Gnatcatchers and Kinglets
Blue-gray Gnatcatcher (Polioptila caerulea>) C C    
Golden-crowned Kinglet (Regulus satrapa) C   U C

 

Last updated: May 10, 2013