Wapack National Wildlife Refuge
Northeast Region
Old Mountain Road
Greenfield/Temple, NH
(978) 465-5753

Wildlife and Habitat

Birds, Mammals, Reptiles and Amphibians, Invertebrates, Habitats


Red-tailed hawk. Credit: Lee Karney
A red-tailed hawk. Credit: Lee Karney

Birds observed on the refuge during a 2002 breeding season survey:

  • ovenbird
  • hermit thrush
  • red-eyed vireo
  • Canada warbler
  • blackpoll warbler
  • bay-breasted warbler
  • black-throated blue warbler
  • black-throated green warbler
  • blackburnian warbler
  • golden-crowned kinglet
  • scarlet tanager
  • rose-breasted grosbeak
  • yellow-bellied sapsucker
  • red-tailed hawk
  • sharp-shinned hawk
  • peregrine falcon
  • ruffed grouse

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A white-tailed deer fawn. Credit: W.J. Berg
A white-tailed deer fawn. Credit: W.J. Berg

The refuge provides habitat for many mammal species, some of which include:

  • red squirrel
  • grey squirrel
  • white-footed mouse
  • deer mouse
  • woodland vole
  • porcupine
  • eastern chipmunk
  • white-tailed deer
  • moose
  • snowshoe hare
  • bobcat
  • gray fox
  • red fox
  • coyote
  • black bear

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Reptiles and Amphibians

Painted turtle on the refuge. Credit: USFWS
Painted turtle. Credit: USFWS

Some amphibian species on the refuge:

  • red-backed salamander
  • red spotted salamander
  • red-spotted newt
  • American toad
  • spring peeper
  • pickerel frog
  • bull frog
  • leopard frog
  • painted turtle
  • wood turtle
  • milk snake
  • garter snake
  • ribbon snake

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The insect diversity on the refuge provides an integral food source to many bird species. No invertebrate survey has ever been done on the refuge so we cannot list exact species names, however some insect species visitors may encounter while on the refuge include:

A waterfall along Ted and Carolyn's Trail. Credit: USFWS
A waterfall along Ted and Carolyn's Trail. Credit: USFWS
  • butterflies
  • dragonflies
  • beetles
  • wasps
  • ants

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Habitat types on the refuge:

  • Northern hardwood-conifer
  • Hemlock-hardwood pine
  • Spruce-fir
  • Old field
  • Scrub-shrub
  • Talus slopes
  • Rock ledges

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Last updated: June 29, 2009