A view from the peak of North Pack Monadnock in winter. Credit: Mike Przybyla
With the first donation of 738 acres of land in 1972 by Laurence and Lorna Marshall, the Service established Wapack National Wildlife Refuge for use as an inviolate sanctuary for migratory birds. In 1977, another donation increased the size of the refuge to 1,672 acres. A final land survey in 1998 adjusted the refuge boundary line, excluding the town of Lyndeborough. That adjustment resulted in a loss of 47 acres, bringing the refuge to 1,625 acres.
The deed, graciously donated to the National Wildlife Refuge System by the Marshalls, asks that the land by maintained with minimal intervention, as in a wilderness area. Since 1972 the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service has worked to uphold this request, therefore hunting, fishing, trapping, cutting trees and the use of motor vehicles are not permitted on the refuge.