Wildlife and Habitat
Approximately 100 species of corals have been reported at Wake Atoll, a number somewhat lower than found at larger and less isolated neighboring atolls to the south. Fish populations are abundant with at least 323 species recorded, including large populations of the Napoleon wrasse, sharks of several species, and large schools of the bumphead parrotfish, all of which are globally depleted. Foraging populations of the threatened green turtle and resident populations of spinner dolphins are also found at Wake.
The islands support a rare grass species, Lepturus gasparricensis, and were home to the endemic Wake rail until it went extinct during World War II. Wake supports 12 species of resident nesting seabirds and 6 species of migratory shorebirds; all of which are populations of regional significance. Black-footed albatrosses and Laysan albatrosses recently recolonized Wake; one of few northern albatross colonies outside the Hawaiian archipelago.