The Anadromous Fish Restoration Program

Upper Mainstem Sacramento River

map of watershed showing location of dams and major roads

Watershed Information


PRODUCTION
Species 1967-1991 Baseline Target 1992-2009 Average Increase Percent Change
fall-run Chinook salmon 115,369       230,000       75,506       -39,863       -34.6      
late fall-run Chinook salmon 33,941       44,000       18,094       -15847       -46.7      
winter-run Chinook salmon 54,316      110,000      6,595      -47721       -87.9      
spring-run Chinook salmon 29,412      59,000      750      -28662       -97.5      
WATERSHED STATISTICS ANADROMOUS HABITAT COORDINATORS
  Watershed area:   0 square miles
  Watershed Priority:  high
  Total storage:  0 acre-feet
  Historic:   302 miles  
  Current:   166 miles  ( 55 %)
     Tricia Parker
RESTORATION
  Projected number of restoration projects:      Projected total cost of restoration:   $0.00
  Total invested to date:  AFRP    $0.00  other    $0.00

Projects

YEARS PROJECT TITLE LAST UPDATE



1996 - 2000 Evaluate intermittent streams as rearing habitat for Sacramento River Chinook salmon.   7/28/2010
1996 - 1999 Pine Creek Orchards watershed riparian easement acquisition.   7/26/2010
1997 - 1997 Pine Creek Orchards property restoration on Sacramento River.   7/26/2010
1997 - 2001 Increased law enforcement to enhance protection of anadromous fish and habitat.   7/28/2010
1997 - 2001 Hartley Island riparian property acquisition located along the Sacramento River.   7/26/2010
1997 - 2000 Evaluate intermittent streams as rearing habitat for Sacramento River Chinook salmon.   7/28/2010
1997 - 1997 Upper Sacramento River wild Chinook salmon tagging.   7/28/2010
1997 - 2001 Winter-run carcass survey on the upper mainstem.   6/23/2010
1997 - 2002 Genetic Maintenance of Hatchery and Natural-Origin Winter-Run Chinook Salmon.   6/23/2010
1997 -  Expanded juvenile Chinook salmon and steelhead monitoring at RBDD.   7/28/2010
1998 -  Acquire a riparian easement on Millar Farms Inc., Glenn County.   7/28/2010
1998 -  Continue to conduct instream flow studies on the Sacramento, American and Merced rivers.   7/29/2010
1998 - 1999 Expand winter-run carcass survey on the upper mainstem Sacramento River.   08/3/2010
1998 - 1999 Expand juvenile Chinook salmon and steelhead monitoring at Red Bluff Diversion Dam (RBDD).   8/17/2010
1998 - 1999 Study effects of public ownership of meander belt properties on property tax income in Glenn County.   8/17/2010
1999 - 1999 Expand the winter-run Chinook salmon carcass survey on the upper mainstem Sacramento River.   8/17/2010
1999 -  Study effects of public ownership of meander-belt properties on property tax income.  
2000 -  Study the feasibility of restoring floodplain and riparian processes at the La Barranca Unit of the Sacramento River National Wildlife Refuge.   8/17/2010
2000 - 2000 Winter-run carcass survey on the upper mainstem Sacramento River.   8/17/2010
2000 - 2003 Assist with analysis of alternative hatchery management strategies in order to integrate operations with the restoration of natural populations of Chinook salmon and steelhead in Battle Creek.   6/15/2010
2000 - 2000 Provide support to the newly established Sacramento River Conservation Association.   8/17/2010
2001 - 2004 Using Molecular Techniques to Preserve Genetic Integrity of Endangered Salmon in a Supplementation Program.   6/29/2010
2003 - 2005 Environmental Compliance and Hydraulic Evaluation of the La Barranca Unit of the Sacramento River National Wildlife Refuge.   8/17/2010

Documents

Fall-Run Chinook Salmon Spawner Escapement Survey: Mainstem Sacramento River. October - December 1995. October 1996, 0.627 mb (.627 MB)

Evaluation of Juvenile Anadromous Salmonid Emigration in the Sacramento River Near Knights Landing: November 1995 - July 1996. August 1998, 1.17 mb (1.17 MB)

Upper Sacramento River Fall-Run Chinook Salmon Escapement Survey: September-December 1996. October 1997, 1.77 mb (1.77 MB)

Upper Sacramento River Fall-Run Chinook Salmon Escapement Survey: September-December 1997. July 1998, 0.471 mb (.471 MB)

Upper Sacramento River Winter-Run Chinook Salmon Escapement Survey: April-August 1997. January 1998, 0.629 mb (.629 MB)

Upper Sacramento River Fall-Run Chinook Salmon Escapement Survey: September-December 1998. May 1999, 0.787 mb (.787 MB)

Upper Sacramento River Late-Fall-Run Chinook Salmon Escapement Survey: December 1997-May 1998. July 1998, 0.892 mb (.892 MB)

Upper Sacramento River Winter-Run Chinook Salmon Escapement Survey: May-August 1998. March 1999, 1.38 mb (1.38 MB)

Upper Sacramento River Late-Fall-Run Chinook Salmon Escapement Survey: December 1998-April 1999. November 1999, 0.661 mb (.661 MB)

Upper Sacramento River Winter-Run Chinook Salmon Escapement Survey: May-August 1999. January 2000, 1.13 mb (1.13 MB)

Scope of Work: Singh Walnut Orchard, 0.018 mb (.018 MB)

Sacramento River National Wildlife Refuge Floodplain and Riparian Habitat Feasibility Study. 2000, 0.008 mb (.008 MB)

Scope of Work: Using Molecular Techniques to Preserve Genetic Integrity of Endangered Salmon in a Supplementation Program. 0.026 mb (.026 MB)

Continue Genetic Research on Winter-Run Chinook Salmon: Bodega Marine Lab, 0.007 mb (.007 MB)

Winter Chinook Carcass Survey, 0.005 mb (.005 MB)

Sacramento River Conservation Area Funding Proposal for the AFRP, 0.016 mb (.016 MB)

Genotype chinook salmon (adults and juveniles) to assist in characterization and maintenance of genetic integrity of hatchery-natural. 2001, 0.022 mb (.022 MB)

The Economic Impact on Glenn County of Public Land Acquisition and Habitat Restoration Activities. June 15, 2001, 1.46 mb (1.46 MB)

Final Report: Small Tributary Restoration: Middle Creek. March 15, 1997 to December 15, 2000 (5, 2000)

Floodplain Restoration Feasibility Study: La Barranca Unit. June 25, 2002, 10.07 mb (0.07 MB)

Upper Sacramento River Fall-Run Chinook Salmon Escapement Survey: September-December 1999. May 2000, 0.664 mb (.664 MB)

Upper Sacramento River Winter-Run Chinook Salmon Escapement Survey - May-August 2000. April 2001 ()

Sacramento River White Sturgeon Spawning Criteria. February 1996 ()

Sacramento River Spawning Final Report Response to Comments ()

Sacramento River Spawning Final Report. February 4, 2003 ()

Sacramento River Hydraulic Modeling Report. October 5, 1999 ()

Environmental Compliance and Hydraulic Evaluation of the La Barranca Unit of Sacramento River National Wildlife Refuge. September 16, 2003, 0.277 mb (.277 MB)

Using Molecular Techniques to Preserve Genetic Integrity of Endangered Salmon in a Supplementation Program. June 2004, 5.74 mb (5.74 MB)

Most of the above documents are in Adobe Acrobat format and require a special reader. Download the free reader.

Actions and Evaluations

Status Description
A11. Develop and implement a program for restoring and replenishing spawning gravel, where appropriate, in the Sacramento River.
Ongoing E9. Identify the extent of entrainment of juvenile sturgeon at diversions and pumps and minimize entrainment, if substantial.
Ongoing E8. Identify and implement actions that will maintain mean daily water temperatures between 61°F and 65°F for at lease one month between April 1 and June 30 for American shad spawning below RBDD, consistent with actions to protect chinook salmon and steelhead and when hydrologic conditions are adequate to minimize adverse effects to water supply operations.
Not Addressed E7. Identify and attempt to maintain adequate flows from April to June for spawning, incubation, and rearing of American shad, consistent with actions to protect chinook salmon and steelhead and when hydrologic conditions are adequate to minimize adverse effects to water supply operations.
Complete E6. Identify and attempt to maintain adequate flows for white sturgeon and green sturgeon from February to May for spawning, emigration, egg incubation and rearing, consistent with actions to protect chinook salmon and steelhead and when hydrologic conditions are adequate to minimize adverse effects to water supply operations.
Complete E5. Identify opportunities for restoring riparian forests in channelized sections of the upper mainstem Sacramento River that are appropriate with flood control and other water management constraints.
Not Addressed E4. Evaluate the contribution of large woody debris and boulders in the upper mainstem Sacramento River to salmonid production and rearing habitat quality.
Not Addressed E3. Continue the evaluation to identify solutions to passage at RBDD, including measures to improve passage when the RBDD gates are in the raised position from September 15 through at least May 14.
Not Addressed E2. Evaluate opportunities to incorporate flows to restore riparian vegetation from Keswick Dam to Verona that are consistent with the overall river regulation plan.
Ongoing E11. Determine the effects of poaching and fishing on the number of spawning sturgeon.
Ongoing E10. Identify green sturgeon spawning sites and evaluate the availability, adequacy and use by adult sturgeon.
Complete E1. Continue study to refine a river regulation program, consistent with SB 1086, that balances fish habitats with the flow regime and addresses temperatures, flushing flows, attraction flows, emigration, channel and riparian corridor maintenance.
Ongoing A9. Pursue opportunities, consistent with efforts conducted pursuant to Senate Bill 1086 (SB 1086), to create a meander belt from Keswick Dam to Colusa to recruit gravel and large woody debris, to moderate temperatures and to enhance nutrient input.
Not Addressed A8. Remedy water quality problems from toxic discharges associated with Iron Mountain Mine and water quality problems associated with metal sludges in Keswick Reservoir, consistent with the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act and the Clean Water Act.
Complete A7. Implement structural and operational modifications to the Glenn-Colusa Irrigation District’s (GCID) water diversion facility to minimize impingement and entrainment of juvenile salmon.
Ongoing E2. Evaluate whether enhancement of water temperature control via shutter configuration and present management of the cold water pool at New Bullards Bar Dam is effective, and modify the water release outlets at Englebright Dam if enhancement of water temperature control via shutter configuration is effective.
Not Addressed A6. Continue to implement the Anadromous Fish Screen Program.
Complete A5. Construct an escape channel for trapped adult chinook salmon and steelhead from the Keswick Dam stilling basin to the Sacramento River, as designed by NMFS and USBR.
Complete A4. Continue to raise the gates of the Red Bluff Diversion Dam (RBDD) for a minimum duration from September 15 through at least May 14 to protect adult and juvenile chinook salmon migrations, consistent with the 1993 biological opinion for winter-run chinook salmon and with SWRCB Order 90-5, and accommodate water delivery using appropriate pumping facilities.
Complete A3. Continue to maintain water temperatures at or below 56°F from Keswick Dam to Bend Bridge to the extent controllable, consistent with the 1993 biological opinion for winter-run chinook salmon and with SWRCB Order 90-5.
Complete A2. Implement a schedule for flow changes that avoids, to the extent controllable, dewatering redds and isolating or stranding juvenile anadromous salmonids, consistent with SWRCB Order 90-5.
Complete A10. Implement operational modifications to Anderson-Cottonwood Irrigation District’s (ACID) diversion dam to eliminate passage and stranding problems for chinook salmon and steelhead adults and early life stages; eliminate toxic discharges from the canal and implement structural modifications to improve the strength of the fish screens.
Complete A1. Implement a river flow regulation plan that balances carryover storage needs with instream flow needs consistent with the 1993 biological opinion for winter-run chinook salmon based on runoff and storage conditions, including the following minimum recommended flows at Keswick and Red Bluff Diversion dams.

Photos

Borrow pit on the La Barranca Unit Chopping a salmon carcass Disturbed topography at the La Barranca Unit Disturbed topography at the La Barranca Unit Glenn County tax report Hartley Island La Barranca Unit of the Sacramento River NWR Non-functional Levee at the La Barranca Unit Opposite bank from the La Barranca Unit Opposite bank from the La Barranca Unit Red Bluff Diversion Dam Red Bluff Diversion Dam Red Bluff Diversion Dam RST Salmon Carcass Stakeholder and Partners of the La Barranca Unit Stakeholder and Partners of the La Barranca Unit The La Barranca unit of the Sacramento River NWR Upper Sacramento Aerial Photo Upper Sacramento River Carcass Survey West bank,Sacramento River at the La Barranca Unit