The Anadromous Fish Restoration Program

Central Valley

map of watershed showing location of dams and major roads

Watershed Information


PRODUCTION
Species 1967-1991 Baseline Target 1992-2009 Average Increase Percent Change
fall-run Chinook salmon 374,064       750,000       373,033       -1,031       -0.3      
late fall-run Chinook salmon 34,192       68,000       17,822       -16370       -47.9      
winter-run Chinook salmon 54,439      110,000      6,595      -47844       -87.9      
spring-run Chinook salmon 34,374      68,000      14,124      -20250       -58.9      
WATERSHED STATISTICS ANADROMOUS HABITAT COORDINATORS
  Watershed area:   35,000 square miles
  Watershed Priority:  not designated
  Total storage:  26,243,000 acre-feet
  Historic:   >2,000 miles  
  Current:   <1,000 miles  ( 0 %)
RESTORATION
  Projected number of restoration projects:   311   Projected total cost of restoration:   $900,000,000.00
  Total invested to date:  AFRP    $14,560,000.00  other    $193,000,000.00

Projects

YEARS PROJECT TITLE LAST UPDATE



1997 - 1999 Automated fish marking and tagging system.   6/23/2010
1997 - 2001 Winter-run carcass survey on the upper mainstem.   6/23/2010
1997 - 2002 Genetic Maintenance of Hatchery and Natural-Origin Winter-Run Chinook Salmon.   6/23/2010
1997 - 2000 Evaluate survival of coded-wire tagged late-fall-run Chinook salmon juveniles in the Delta during December 1996-1997.   6/23/2010
1997 - 2000 Evaluate survival of coded-wire tagged late-fall-run Chinook salmon juveniles in the Delta.   6/24/2010
1997 - 2000 Evaluate survival, distribution, and contribution of fall-run production from the upper mainstem Sacramento River and Coleman National Fish Hatchery during April and May 1997.   6/24/2010
1998 - 2000 Further develop the basis for the Water Acquisition Program.   6/24/2010
1998 - 1999 Provide funding for watershed group leaders to attend the "Working at a Watershed Level" course.   6/24/2010
1999 - 2000 Continue to conduct a pilot study of the use of otoliths to evaluate the role of Delta rearing in the life history of Central Valley Chinook salmon and steelhead.   7/26/2010
1999 - 2004 Analyze the genetics of steelhead throughout the Central Valley.   6/24/2010
1999 - 2000 Continue to provide funding for watershed group leaders to attend the "Working at a Watershed Level" course.   6/24/2010
1999 - 2000 Support programs to provide educational outreach and local involvement in restoration for teachers and students in the Lodi, Modesto and Merced unified school districts.   6/24/2010
2000 - 2000 Winter-run carcass survey on the upper mainstem Sacramento River.   8/17/2010
2000 - 2002 Sacramento River and Battle Creek: Environmental Education Program for Battle Creek Area Residents.   6/15/2010
2000 - 2004 Develop an adaptive management forum for large-scale restoration projects.   6/29/2010
2001 - 2004 Using Molecular Techniques to Preserve Genetic Integrity of Endangered Salmon in a Supplementation Program.   6/29/2010
2001 - 2005 Biological Assessment of Green Sturgeon in the Sacramento-San Joaquin Watersheds.   7/1/2010
2002 - 2006 Comprehensive Assessment of Genetic Population Structure and Diversity for Central Valley Chinook Salmon.   7/2/2010
2002 - 2007 Sex-reversal in Central Valley Chinook Salmon: Occurrence and population genetic consequences.   7/2/2010
2002 - 2002 The Economic Impact on Stanislaus County of Public Land Acquisitions and Conservation Easements on Floodplain lands along the Tuolumne and lower San Joaquin rivers.   7/6/2010
2003 - 2007 Distribution and Relationship of Resident and Anadromous Central Valley Rainbow Trout   7/6/2010

Documents

Revised Draft Restoration Plan for the Anadromous Fish Restoration Program. May 30, 1997, 0.227 mb (.227 MB)

Approach and Focus for Implementing the Central Valley Project Improvement Act, 1999-2004. June 1999, 0.048 mb (.048 MB)

Phosphorus–chlorophyll relationship in temperate streams and its variation with stream catchment area. 1996, 0.118 mb (.118 MB)

Scope of Work: Adaptive Management Forum for Planning-Implementation of Large-scale Riverine Habitat Restoration Projects. 2000, 0.264 mb (.264 MB)

Some Suggested Guidelines for Geomorphic Aspects of Anadromous Salmonid Habitat Restoration Proposals. September 4, 1998, 0.04 mb (0.04 MB)

Effects of Middle Creek Marsh Restoration on Clear Lake Water Quality, 0.064 mb (.064 MB)

AFRP FY00 Draft Annual Work Plan. October 1, 1999, 69 kb (, 69 KB)

AFRP Project and Funding Summary 1995-2000. 2000, 47 kb (, 47 KB)

University of California, Davis, Bodega Marine Laboratory Publications List of Research Resulting From or Related to AFRP Funded Projects, 141 kb ( 141 KB)

Working at a Watershed Level: Final Programmatic Report. September 23, 1999, 5 kb (9, 5 KB)

Title 34 - Central Valley Project Improvement Act. October 30, 1992, 90 kb (, 90 KB)

Identification of the Instream Flow Requirements for Anadromous Fish in Streams Within Central Valley of California 1995. October 16, 1995, 2.55 mb (2.55 MB)

Identification of the Instream Flow Requirements for Anadromous Fish in Streams Within Central Valley of California 1996. September 30, 1996, 1.62 mb (1.62 MB)

Identification of the Instream Flow Requirements for Anadromous Fish in Streams in the Central Valley of California 1998. September 29, 1998, 2.43 mb (2.43 MB)

Identification of the Instream Flow Requirements for Anadromous Fish in Streams in the Central Valley of California 1997. August 18, 1997, 1.46 mb (1.46 MB)

Identification of the Instream Flow Requirements for Anadromous Fish in Streams in the Central Valley of California 1999. September 7, 1999, 1.48 mb (1.48 MB)

Identification of the Instream Flow Requirements for Anadromous Fish in Streams in the Central Valley of California 2000. September 15, 2000, 1.35 mb (1.35 MB)

Identification of the Instream Flow Requirements for Anadromous Fish in Streams in the Central Valley of California 2001. February 15, 2002, 1.45 mb (1.45 MB)

Identification of the Instream Flow Requirements for Anadromous Fish in Streams in the Central Valley of California 2002. February 4, 2003, 0.996 mb (.996 MB)

Bibliography of FWS Instream Flow Reports and Restoration Project Monitoring Reports, 6 kb (S, 6 KB)

Sex-reversal in Central Valley Chinook Salmon - second quarter status report. March 30, 2004, 0.191 mb (.191 MB)

Adaptive Management Forum for Large-scale Channel and Riverine Habitat Restoration Projects Final Report. July 2004, 0.29 mb (0.29 MB)

AFRP 2005 Annual Work Plan. August 1, 2004, 0.694 mb (.694 MB)

Biological Assessment of Green Sturgeon in the Sacramento-San Joaquin Watershed. June 2004, 43.16 mb (3.16 MB)

Inheritance studies implicate a genetic mechanism for apparent sex-reversal in Chinook salmon. 0.103 mb (.103 MB)

Genetic Population Structure of Chinook Salmon in the California Central Valley, 2004, 412 kb ( 412 KB)

Sex-reversal of Fall-Run Chinook salmon - second quarter report. March 30, 2006, 30 kb (, 30 KB)

Sex-reversal of Fall-Run Chinook salmon. September 2007, 127 kb ( 127 KB)

Maternal Origin and Migratory History of Oncorhynchus mykiss captured in rivers of the Central Valley, California. March 6, 2008, 291 kb ( 291 KB)

CVPIA Record of Decision. December 7, 2000, 0.232 mb (.232 MB)

Most of the above documents are in Adobe Acrobat format and require a special reader. Download the free reader.

Actions and Evaluations

Status Description
Not Addressed E9. Evaluate the ability of streams for which target production levels exist for chinook salmon but not for steelhead to support natural production of steelhead.
Not Addressed E8. Evaluate the direct and indirect effects of contaminants on production of anadromous fish.
Ongoing E7. Evaluate a program to tag and fin-clip all or a significant portion of hatchery-produced fish as a means of collecting better information regarding harvest rates on hatchery and naturally produced fish and effects of hatchery-produced fish on naturally produced fish.
Ongoing E6. Evaluate effects of trace elements and organic contaminants, especially selenium and PCBs, on the health of adult white sturgeon and green sturgeon, the viability of their gametes, and development of their offspring.
Ongoing E5. Evaluate the transfer of disease between hatchery and natural stocks.
Ongoing E4. Evaluate and implement specific hatchery spawning protocols and genetic evaluation programs to maintain genetic diversity in hatchery and natural stocks.
Ongoing E3. Evaluate and avoid potential competitive displacement of naturally produced juvenile salmonids with hatchery-produced juveniles by implementing release strategies for hatchery-produced fish designed to minimize detrimental interactions.
Ongoing E2. Evaluate the potential to modify hatchery procedures to benefit native stocks of salmonids.
Ongoing E11. Encourage the restoration of small tributaries by evaluating the feasibility of screening or relocating diversions, switching to alternative sources of water for upstream diversions, restoring and maintaining a protected riparian strip, limit excessive erosion, enforcing dumping ordinances, removing toxic materials or controlling their source, replacing bridge and ford combinations with bridges or larger culverts and installing siphons to prevent truncation of small streams at irrigation canals.
Not Addressed E10. Evaluate the effects of exotic species on production of anadromous fish.
Not Addressed E1. Evaluate the need to revise harvest regulations to increase spawning escapement of naturally produced chinook salmon.
Not Addressed A4. Provide additional funding for increased law enforcement to reduce illegal take of anadromous fish, stream alteration, and water pollution and to ensure adequate protection for juvenile fish at pumps and diversions.
Not Addressed A3. Reduce toxic chemical and trace element contamination.
Ongoing A2. Develop programs to educate the public about anadromous fish issues, such as the effects of poaching and environmental contaminants, especially contaminants in urban runoff.
Ongoing A1. Support programs to provide educational outreach and local involvement in restoration, including programs like Salmonids in the Classroom, Aquatic Wild, and Adopt a Watershed and school district environmental camps.

Photos

Electrophoresis gel of salmon DNA Green Sturgeon at Monterrey Bay Aquarium