Stockton Fish and Wildlife Office
Pacific Southwest Region


In most Sacramento and San Joaquin River tributaries and streams of the Central Valley, the Secretary does not have direct authority to implement actions to restore anadromous fish production because the CVP does not control facilities or flows. Rivers and streams not directly controlled by the CVP include Battle, Cow, Bear, Cottonwood, Paynes, Antelope, Elder, Thomes, Stony, Mill, Deer, Big Chico, and Butte Creeks and Feather, Yuba, Bear, American, Cosumnes, Mokelumne, Calaveras, Tuolumne and Merced Rivers, as well as a portion of the Sacramento-San Joaquin Delta. Private land owners, public and private irrigation districts, utilities, the State Water Project (SWP), municipalities, and industry manage facilities and flows on these streams.

To assist in restoration of these streams, the Secretary needs the cooperation of others. Cooperation through partnerships of the USFWS and USBR with other entities that have the authority, interests, and/or resources to facilitate restoration, provides a vital component to implement restoration actions. The USFWS and USBR encourage potential partners to enter into voluntary relationships with the agencies to conduct restoration actions.

Mechanisms under which the USFWS and USBR can establish and coordinate the funding of cooperative relationships are discussed in the USFWS publication "Conservation Partnerships: A Field Guide to Public-Private Partnering for Natural Resource Conservation.&quot (For copy call 1-800-344-WILD); The role of the USFWS or USBR in relation to the partners will dictate the appropriate mechanism used to establish and coordinate funding including:


Interagency Agreements

Used when one agency is providing payments, goods or services to another agency.

Procurement Arrangements

Used when an agency pays to receive a direct benefit.

Memoranda of Understanding

Most commonly used to establish partnerships and document specific responsibilities; signatories agree to work toward mutual goals, perform joint work, or share research results, however, no obligation of funds may be included.


Allow the USFWS and USBR to transfer money, property, services or anything of value to an outside group for a project of mutual interest where substantial agency involvement is not anticipated.

Cooperative Agreements

Allow the USFWS and USBR to transfer money, property, services or anything of value to an outside group for a project of mutual interest where substantial agency involvement is anticipated.

Challenge Cost-Sharing

Allow the USFWS and USBR and other federal agencies to receive funds and requires recipients to match this money with non-federal funds, labor, materials, equipment or land and water, typically of one-to-one.

Through these mechanisms, the USFWS and USBR can make agreements and direct funds or services to partners. The partners can then implement specific restoration actions.

Flexibility to use several of the mechanisms for funding non-federal partners is provided to the Secretary in section 3407(e) of the CVPIA:

"If the Secretary determines that the State of California or an agency or subdivision thereof, an Indian tribe, or a non-profit entity concerned with restoration, protection, or enhancement of fish, wildlife, habitat, or environmental values is able to assist in implementing any action authorized by this title in an efficient, timely, and cost effective manner, the Secretary is authorized to provide funding to such entity on such terms and conditions as he deems necessary to assist in implementing the identified action."

Funds dispersed through this section are subject to cost-share requirements contained in other sections of the CVPIA.

Some examples of potential partners and mechanisms for working together include:

Local Agencies and Groups

Watershed workgroups, conservation groups, water districts, non-profit groups, organized school groups, and individual property owners can all help implement restoration actions. Agreements can be reached with these groups, or funds and services can be directed to them through memoranda of understanding, grants, cooperative agreements, and challenge cost-sharing. In areas where there is local support but no watershed workgroups, the USFWS and USBR may provide funds and help to form one.

State Agencies

The California Department of Fish and Game (CDFG), California Department of Water Resources (CDWR), Reclamation Board (RECBD), State Water Resources Control Board (SWRCB), and other state agencies have expertise, abilities, experience, and are willing to assist in implementing many restoration actions. The USFWS and USBR can enter into procurement arrangements, memoranda of understanding, grants, and cooperative agreements with state agencies.

Other Federal Agencies

The Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS), U.S. Forest Service (USFS), Bureau of Land Management (BLM), National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS), U.S. Geologic Survey (USGS), U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (COE), Western Area Power Administration (WAPA) and other federal agencies likely have specific expertise and abilities, and are willing to help implement specific actions. Through interagency and procurement arrangements, the USFWS and USBR can enter into agreements with other federal agencies to provide funding or services for development, review and implementation of restoration actions.


California Bay-Delta Authority
AFRP staff work with the Restoration Coordinator for the CALFED Bay-Delta Program to coordinate AFRP funded restoration efforts with CALFED-funded efforts. A number of AFRP managed projects are funded by the CALFED program. AFRP staff are active on the CALFED integration and review panels and participate in a number of other interagency panels.

Last updated: August 24, 2011