homestead sites on the Refuge date back to the turn of the century, when the
railroad and Santa Fe Trail brought a wave of economic progress to Las Vegas.
Click here for
more information about
cultural resources and historic preservation on National Wildlife Refuges.
of Las Vegas
Refuge was established in 1965, but the history of this area dates much
further back - as far back as 8,000 BC when old world Indians inhabited
the area. Pueblo Indians also spent time living in this region, until the
1100s, when drought and Apaches forced them out. In the mid-1500s, Spanish
conquistadors and missionaries explored and settled the region, and the
influence of Spanish culture is still prevalent here today. Westward expansion
continued in the late 1800s, and by the turn of the century, the Santa Fe
Trail and the railroad made Las Vegas the place to be! For more information
on the fascinating history of this area, we suggest you stop by the Las
Vegas City Museum and Rough Rider Memorial Collection while
you are visiting the area.