Susanna Henry (Refuge Manager); Mitch Ellis (Complex Manager)
9300 E. 28th Street, Yuma, AZ 85365
Phone: 928/783-7861 Fax: 928/783-8611
To the office:
From Tucson: From I-8, take the Fortuna Drive exit. Turn right onto Fortuna and move into the left turn lane at the next stop light. Turn left onto North Frontage Road. Follow North Frontage to Avenue 9E. Turn right onto 9E. Follow 9E past the RV Resort and turn right onto 28th Street. We are the second building on the left (the first is Arizona Game and Fish Department at the intersection of 28th and 9E.)
From California: From I-8, take the Fortuna Drive exit. Turn left onto Fortuna. Follow Fortuna over the overpass and turn left at the 2nd stoplight. This is North Frontage Road. Follow North Frontage to Avenue 9E. Turn right onto 9E. Follow 9E past the RV Resort and turn right onto 28th Street. We are the second building on the left (the first is Arizona Game and Fish Department at the intersection of 28th and 9E.)
To the Refuge: From Yuma, take Highway 95 north towards Quartzite, Arizona, to refuge entrance signs.
When was it established?
How big is it? 665,400 acres
Map of the Refuge
[Welcome] [Habitat] [Wildlife] [Species Lists] [Things to do at the Refuge]
[Tips for Watching Wildlife] [Hunting] [Camping] [Help Us Protect the Refuge]
[Volunteer Opportunities] [Arizona Links]
See Arizona Links for more information about natural areas and tourism in Arizona.
Last Updated April 28, 2008
Volunteers are needed to help with the following:
Maintenance--mowing lawns, posting boundaries and signs, checking traffic counter/brochure boxes, cleaning shop areas, welding/carpentry work, painting
Public Outreach--develop and present educational programs, participate in fairs/shows, create slide/photo library.
Office Assistance--librarian skills, filing, computer database entry, organizational skills to help in office.
Biological Work--bird surveys (if qualified), may assist with vegetation, deer, sheep, bat, or tortoise work, depending on the time of year. Please contact the refuge at 928/783-7861 or email@example.com for more information.
Camping is permitted. Visitors may select their own campsites; however, applicable state law prohibits camping within 1/4 mile of water holes. Vehicles must remain within 100 feet of designated roads. Backpackers may camp anywhere beyond the 100 feet limit, keeping in mind the location of waterholes. All camping is limited to 14 days during any 12-month period.
Notable wildlife species found in the area include the white-winged dove, desert tortoise, and desert kit fox. The Refuge has one of the largest desert bighorn sheep populations in the southwestern United States. In recent years, this herd has provided animals for transplanting throughout Arizona and neighboring states.
Birds that are likely to be seen at Kofa include American kestrel, white-winged dove, northern flicker, Say's phoebe, cactus wren, phainopepla, and orange-crowned warbler.
The Kofa Mountain barberry (a rare plant found only in southwest Arizona) occurs on the refuge.
Hiking, sightseeing, photography, and nature observation are permitted in all areas of the refuge except on patented mining claims and other private inholdings. A half-mile foot trail is available to see Palm Canyon.
Past mining activity has left numerous vertical shafts, drift tunnels, and open pits throughout the refuge. These are extremely dangerous due to possible caving or collapsing. No attempt should be made to enter or explore them at close range.
See Tips for Watching
Wildlife for suggestions
to make your visit more enjoyable.
Kofa National Wildlife Refuge was established in 1939 and is managed by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. The refuge encompasses 665,400 acres of pristine desert that is home to the desert bighorn sheep and the California palm, the only native palm in Arizona.
In the early part of this century, a number of mines were established in the mountainous areas of the refuge. One of the most notable was the King of Arizona mine. It gave the Kofa Mountains their name-- "Kofa" being contracted from King of Arizona.
Two mountain ranges dominate the landscape--the Kofa Mountains and the Castle Dome Mountains. Although these ranges are not especially high, they are extremely rugged and rise sharply from the surrounding desert plains, providing ideal bighorn sheep country.
Palm Canyon, in the west end of the Kofa Mountains, is well known for its native palms. These palm trees are probably remnants from when this area was wetter and cooler than it is now. Though numbering less than 100, this handful of trees is among the only native palms in Arizona.
Service to Establish Two New Populations of Sonoran Pronghorn
Efforts to advance recovery for the Sonoran pronghorn, one of North America’s most imperiled land mammals, have taken a big step forward. The Fish and Wildlife Service, in partnership with the Arizona Game and Fish Department and Luke Air Force Base, will soon establish a population of Sonoran pronghorn on Kofa National Wildlife Refuge. Additionally. another new population will be established on the eastern side of the Barry M. Goldwater Range, in the future.
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service
National Wildlife Refuge