Southwest Fisheries
Southwest Region

Southwest Fisheries Species Fact Sheets

The National Fish Hatcheries in the Southwest Region serve as both short-term refuges for species in crisis and as long-term propagation and management facilities for these species to support the ultimate recovery of the organisms in the wild. These production programs are categorized as Recovery, and deal with both Threatened and Endangered species. Some of the captive populations are the only known breeding individuals of their species.

Other programs operating within the Regional system of hatcheries are committed to production of species that have not yet become so imperiled that they are listed under the Endangered Species Act. Candidate species require production support to aid in recovery of the species to self-sustaining population levels. Restoration species are those that have threats that are not as immediate or great but the populations still require management assistance to sustain themselves.

In addition to recovery and restoration programs some species are held for research as short term captives and sportfish species are held in production to support recreational stocking programs.

Southwest Fisheries Species
Common Name Scientific Name Held for Station
Alligator gar Atractosteus spatula


Apache Trout Oncorhynchus gilae apache Threatened Alchesay-Willams Creek
Arkansas River shiner Notropis girardi Threatened Tishomingo
Big Bend gambusia Gambusia Giagei Endangered SW Native ARC
Bonytail chub Gila elegans Endangered SW Native ARC, Willow Beach
Brook trout Onchorynchus fontinalis Sportfish Alchesay-Willams Creek
Brown trout Salmo trutta Sportfish Alchesay-Willams Creek
Channel catfish Ictalurus punctatus Sportfish Inks Dam, SW Native ARC, Tishomingo, Uvalde
Channel darter Percina copelandi Research Tishomingo
Chihuahua chub Gila nigrescens Threatened SW Native ARC
Clear Creek gambusia Gambusia heterochir Endangered Inks Dam
Colorado pikeminnow Ptychocheilus lucius Endangered SW Native ARC
Comanche Springs pupfish Cyprinodon elegans Endangered SW Native ARC, Uvalde
Desert pupfish Cyprinodon macularis Endangered SW Native ARC
Devils River minnow Dionda diaboli Threatened San Marcos ARC
Fountain Darter Etheostoma fonticola Endangered Inks Dam*, San Marcos ARC, Uvalde
Gila chub Gila intermedia Endangered SW Native ARC
Gila topminnow Poeciliopsis o. occidentalis Endangered SW Native ARC
Gila trout Oncorhynchus gilae Threatened Mora, NMFWCO
Guzman beautiful shiner Cyprinella formosa Threatened SW Native ARC
Headwater chub Gila nigra Candidate SW Native ARC
Humpback chub Gila cypha Endangered SW Native ARC
Leon Springs pupfish Cyprinodon bovinus Endangered SW Native ARC
Leopard darter Percina pantherina Threatened Tishomingo*
Loach minnow Tiaroga cobitis Endangered Alchesay-Willams Creek*, SW Native ARC
Paddlefish Polyodon spathula Restoration Inks Dam, Tishomingo
Pahranagat roundtail chub Gila robusta jordani Endangered SW Native ARC
Pecos bluntnose shiner Notropis simus pecosensis Threatened SW Native ARC
Pecos gambusia Gambusia nobilis Endangered SW Native ARC
Pecos pupfish Cyprinodon pecosensis Threatened SW Native ARC
Peppered chub Machrybopsis tetranema Research Tishomingo
Proserpine Shiner Cyprinella proserpina Endangered SW Native ARC
Rainbow trout Oncorhynchus mykiss Sportfish Alchesay-Willams Creek, Willow Beach
Razorback sucker Xyrauchen texanus Endangered SW Native ARC, Uvalde, Willow Beach
Rio Grande silvery minnow Hybognathus amarus Endangered SW Native ARC
Spikedace Meda fulgida Endangered SW Native ARC
Virgin River chub Gila robusta seminuda Endangered SW Native ARC
Woundfin minnow Plagopterus argentissimus Endangered SW Native ARC
Barton Springs salamander Eurycea sosorum Endangered San Marcos ARC
Relict leopard frog Rana onca Endangered Willow Beach
San Marcos salamander Eurycea nana Threatened San Marcos ARC, Uvalde
Texas blind salamander Eurycea rathbuni Endangered San Marcos ARC
Alligator snapping turtle Macrochelys temminckii Restoration Tishomingo
American willow Justicia americana Restoration San Marcos ARC
Arrowhead Sagittaria platyphylla Restoration San Marcos ARC
Texas wild-rice Zizania texana Endangered San Marcos ARC, Uvalde
Water pennywort Hydrocotyle umbellate Restoration San Marcos ARC
Water primrose Ludwigia repens Restoration San Marcos ARC
Yellow stargrass Heteranthera dubia Restoration San Marcos ARC
Balcones elimia Elimia comalensis Candidate San Marcos ARC
Golden Orb Quadrula aurea Candidate San Marcos ARC
Phantom Lake cave snail Pyrgulopsis texana Candidate San Marcos ARC
Phantom Spring tryonia Tryonia cheatumi Candidate San Marcos ARC
Smooth pimpleback Quadrula houstonensis Candidate San Marcos ARC
Texas fatmucket mussell Lampsilis bracteata Threatened San Marcos ARC
Texas fawnsfoot Truncilla macrodon Candidate San Marcos ARC
Texas pimpleback Quadrula petrina Candidate San Marcos ARC
Peck's Cave amphipod Stygobromus pecki Endangered San Marcos ARC
Comal Springs dryopid beetle Stygoparnus comalensis Endangered San Marcos ARC
Comal springs riffle beetle Heterelmis comalensis Endangered San Marcos ARC
* station serves as emergency refugia, species is currently not on station

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Last updated: December 10, 2014