The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (Service) in cooperation with the National Fish and Wildlife Foundation, established the Mexican Wolf /
Livestock Interdiction Fund (Interdiction Fund) on September 23, 2009. The objective of the Interdiction Fund is to generate long-term funding
for prolonged financial support to livestock operators within the framework of cooperative conservation and recovery of Mexican wolf populations
in the Southwest. Funding will be applied to initiatives that address management, monitoring, and other proactive conservation needs for Mexican
wolves as they relate to livestock, including alternative livestock husbandry practices, grazing management alternatives, livestock protection,
measures to avoid and minimize depredation, habitat protection, species protection, scientific research, conflict resolution, compensation for
damage, education, and outreach activities.
In April 2011, the Service appointed an 11-member Interdiction Fund Stakeholder Council (Stakeholder Council), which has the authority to identify,
recommend, and approve conservation activities, identify recipients, and approve the amount of the direct disbursement of funds to qualified recipients.