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U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Publishes Updated List of Candidates for Endangered Species Act Listing  

 

FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE


May 4, 2004

Contact:
Betsy Lordan, 202-219-7499

 

The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service today published a revised list of species of plants and animals that may warrant protection under the Endangered Species Act, including 24 new candidate species added since the Candidate Notice of Review was last published in 2002.

If the Service has sufficient information to propose listing a species as threatened or endangered, but is precluded from taking action by other, higher listing priorities, the species becomes a candidate species.

The Service publishes an updated Candidate Notice of Review primarily to solicit new information on the status of candidate species and threats to their survival. Service biologists rely on a variety of sources for the scientific determination of whether a species may warrant listing under the Act, including information from private, university and government scientists, local, State and Federal land management and planning agencies and private citizens.

The Notice also informs the public about species the Service is considering proposing for protection, and it encourages conservation of candidate species. In addition, the Notice includes 24 domestic animal species that have already been proposed for addition to the list of endangered and threatened wildlife and plants, but for which a final listing determination has not been made. A proposal undergoes public review and comment before a final decision is made.

"The candidate list is an important tool, helping to identify imperiled species and focusing attention on the need to conserve them before they have to receive Endangered Species Act protection. By working to recover these species now, in partnership with states, local communities and individuals, we can implement flexible, cost-effective conservation measures that put them on the road to recovery," said Service Director Steve Williams.

The Service has removed 19 species from the Candidate Species List since the lists were last revised in 2002:

  • One species was removed because currently available information does not support a listing proposal.
  • Four species were removed because the proposal to list them was withdrawn.
  • Fourteen proposed species became listed as endangered.

The complete Notice and list of candidates and proposed species appear in today's Federal Register. Species added to the candidate list since 2002 are listed below.

The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service is the principal Federal agency responsible for conserving, protecting and enhancing fish, wildlife and plants and their habitats for the continuing benefit of the American people. The Service manages the 95-million-acre National Wildlife Refuge System
which encompasses more than 544 national wildlife refuges, thousands of small wetlands and
other special management areas. It also operates 69 national fish hatcheries, 63 fishery resource offices and 81 ecological services field stations. The agency enforces Federal wildlife laws, administers the Endangered Species Act, manages migratory bird populations, restores nationally significant fisheries, conserves and restores wildlife habitat such as wetlands, and helps foreign governments with their conservation efforts. It also oversees the Federal Aid program that distributes hundreds of millions of dollars in excise taxes on fishing and hunting equipment to State fish and wildlife agencies.

 


 

Species Added to the Candidate List Since 2002:

  REGION
MAMMAL
Fisher, West Coast Population (Martes pennanti) Pacific -- California, Oregon, and Washington
BIRDS
Kittlitz’s Murrelet (Brachyramphus brevirostris)  Alaska -- Alaskan coastal waters
Xantus’ Murrelet (Synthliboramphus hypoleucus)  Pacific -- U.S. and Mexican West Coast
 MUSSELS -- Seven Gulf Coast Mussels  
Round Ebonyshell (Fusconaia rotulata) Southeast Southeast
Southern Kidneyshell (Ptychobranchus jonesi) Southeast
Narrow Pigtoe (Fusconaia escambia) Southeast
Southern Sandshell (Lampsilis australis) Southeast
Fuzzy Pigtoe (Pleurobema strodeanum) Southeast
Choctaw Bean (Villosa choctawensis) Southeast
Tapered Pigtoe (Quincuncina burkei) Southeast
Three Other Mussel species
Rayed Bean (Villosa fabalis) Midwest -- Entire Tennessee River system; southern Ohio River
Sheepnose Mussel (Plethobasus cyphyus) Midwest -- Mississippi River system streams
Spectaclecase (Cumberlandia monodonta) Midwest -- Streams in the Mississippi, Ohio, and Missouri Rivers
INSECTS -- Five cave beetles
Coleman Cave Beetle (Pseudanophthalmus colemanensis) Southeast -- Montgomery County, Tennessee
Fowler’s Cave Beetle (Pseudanophthalmus fowlerae) Southeast -- Clay County, Tennessee
Insular Cave Beetle (Pseudanophthalmus insularis) Southeast -- Davidson County, Tenessee
Soothsayer Cave Beetle (Pseudanophthalmus tiresias) Southeast -- DeKalb County, Tennessee
Noblett’s Cave Beetle (Pseudanophthalmus paulus) Southeast -- Monroe County, Tennessee
One other insect
Nevares Spring Naucorid Bug (Ambrysus funebris) Pacific -- Inyo County, California
FLOWERING PLANTS
Hala Pepe (Pleomele fernaldii) Pacific -- Hawaiian Island of Lanai
Brand’s Phacelia (Phacelia stellaris) Pacific -- San Diego County, Riverside County, California
Churchill Narrows Buckwheat (Eriogonum diatomaceum) Pacific -- Lyon County, Nevada
Orcutt’s Hazardia (Hazardia orcuttii) Pacific -- Encinitas, California
Everglades Bully (Sideroxylon reclinatum ssp. austrofloridense) Southeast -- Miami-Dade County, Florida
Species Removed From the Candidate List Since 2002:
MAMMALS
Pygmy Rabbit (Brachylagus idahoensis)
Reason for removal: Listed as endangered
Pacific -- Columbia Basin Distinct Population Segment
San Miguel Island Fox (Urocyon littoralis littoralis)
Reason for removal: Listed as endangered
Pacific -- Channel Islands
San Miguel Island Fox (Urocyon littoralis catalinae)
Reason for removal: Listed as endangered
Pacific -- Channel Islands
Santa Cruz Island Fox (Urocyon littoralis santacruzae)
Reason for removal: Listed as endangered
Pacific -- Channel Islands
Santa Rosa Island Fox (Urocyon littoralis santarosae)
Reason for removal: Listed as endangered
Pacific -- Channel Islands
BIRD
Mountain Plover (Charadrius montanus)
Reason for removal: Proposed listing withdrawn
Mountain-Prairie -- Western U.S., Canada, Mexico
AMPHIBIANS
California Tiger Salamander (Ambystoma californiense)
Reason for removal: Listed as endangered
Pacific -- Sonoma County Distinct Population Segment
Mountain Yellow-Legged Frog (Rana muscosa)
Reason for removal: Listed as endangered
Pacific -- Southern California Distinct Population Segment
FISH 
Coastal Cutthroat Trout (Oncorhynchus clarki clarki)
Reason for removal: Listed as endangered
Pacific -- Southwestern Washington/Columbia River Distinct Population Segment
SNAIL
Tumbling Creek Cavesnail (Antrobia culveri)
Reason for removal: Listed as endangered
Midwest -- Missouri
INSECT
Carson wandering Skipper (Pseudocopaeodes eunus obscurus)
Reason for removal: Listed as endangered
Pacific -- California, Nevada
FLOWERING PLANTS
Ambrosia (Ambrosia pumila)
Reason for removal: Listed as endangered
Pacific -- San Diego
Slick Spot Peppergrass (Lepidium papilliferum)
Reason for removal: Proposed listing withdrawn
Pacific -- Idaho
Large-flowered Wooly Meadowfoam (Limnanthes floccosa grandiflora)
Reason for removal: Proposed listing withdrawn
Pacific -- Oregon
Cook's Lomatium (Lomatium cookii)
Reason for removal: Proposed listing withdrawn
Pacific -- Oregon
No Common Name (Nesogenes rotensis)
Reason for removal: Proposed listing withdrawn
Pacific -- Mariana Islands
No Common Name (Osmoxylon mariannense)
Reason for removal: Listed as endangered
Pacific -- Mariana Islands
No Common Name (Tabernaemontana rotensis)
Reason for removal: Proposed listing withdrawn
Pacific -- Mariana Islands, Guam
FERN
No Common Name (Dryopteris glabra var. pusilla (=Dryopteris tenebrosa))
Reason for removal: Information currently available does not support listing
Pacific -- Hawaii


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