Benefits to wildife
(A note about poaching - Due to their rareness and desirability in the pet and botanical trade, many endangered species found in bogs have been heavily poached. In order to protect the location of plants and animals under severe threat from poaching, we’ll discuss the locations of these species only with site owners.)
Some endangered plants and animals that would benefit from Mountain Bogs National Wildlife Refuge:
Bog turtle. Photo: Gary Peeples, USFWS
Bog turtle, threatened - North America's smallest turtle faces serious threats not only from habitat loss and destruction but also poaching. Poaching to fuel an illegal pet trade has dramatically decreased populations of this turtle in the Southern Appalachians, including the decimation of North Carolina’s strongest population. Incorporating bog turtle habitat into a National Wildlife Refuge would not only protect its habitat, but also enable the Fish & Wildlife Service to expand anti-poaching efforts. Learn more.
Carolina northern flying squirrel. Photo: USFWS
Carolina northern flying squirrel, endangered – Unlike its cousin, the much more common Southern flying squirrel, the Carolina northern flying squirrel is generally known from high elevation areas, above 3500 feet. Much Carolina northern flying squirrel habitat is found on public land such as National Forest or National Park. However, this proposal would protect one of the few remaining pieces of unprotected habitat. Learn more.
Virginia big-eared bat. Photo: USFWS
Virginia big-eared bat, endangered - This medium-sized bat (less than half an ounce) is, as the name implies, characterized by large ears (more than 1 inch long) that are connected across its forehead. Big-eared bats principally feed on moths but eat other insects as well. The proposed refuge would protect one known Virginia big-eared bat site. Learn more.
Bunched arrowhead. Photo: USFWS
Bunched arrowhead, endangered - Bunched arrowhead is known from only two counties in the entire world, with eleven remaining populations across those two counties. This project would make important strides in permanently protecting two of those remaining populations. Learn more.
Green pitcher plant. Photo: USFWS
Green pitcher plant. Endangered - Green pitcher plant is a carnivorous perennial herb with yellowish-green, hollow, pitcher-shaped leaves. The hollow leaves contain liquid and enzymes. When insects fall into the pitchers, they’re digested and the nutrients in the bodies are incorporated into the plant’s tissues. At one time, green pitcher plants were found in North Carolina, Tennessee, Georgia, and Alabama and in landscapes as diverse as the Coastal Plain and the Ridge and Valley. It has disappeared from Tennessee, and is only found at a single site in North Carolina. This project would help protect the lone North Carolina site. Learn more.
Heller's blazing star. Photo: USFWS
Heller's blazing star, threatened - This rare plant grows in the shallow soils of high-elevation cliffs and rocky outcrops in the Southern Appalachians where is sufferes from seemingly minor threats such as trampling from hikers, as well as more pervasive threats such as poor air quality. Learn more.
Mountain sweet pitcher plant. Photo: USFWS
Mountain sweet pitcher plant, endangered - Mountain sweet pitcher plant is a carnivorous perennial herb with tall, hollow pitcher-shaped leaves and red sweet-smelling flowers. The entire known distribution of this plant is in three Southern Appalachian counties. Creation of the refuge would help protect five North Carolina populations. Learn more.
Roan Mountain bluet. Photo: USFWS
Roan Mountain bluet, endangered - Roan Mountain bluet, found on exposed mountain-tops, is easily distinguished from other bluets by its relatively large reddish purple flowers, small oval leaves, and compact growth form. Creation of the refuge would help protect one known site. Learn more.
Small-whorled pogonia. Photo: USFWS
Small-whorled pogonia, threatened - Small-whorled pogonia is a native orchid whose primary threat is habitat destruction. Learn more.
Spreading avens. Photo: USFWS
Spreading avens, endangered - Known only from the high mountain peaks of east Tennessee and western North Carolina, spreading avens suffers from a variety of threats, including simple trampling by hikers; poor air quality; and drier, hotter conditions resulting from the deaths of Fraser firs in forests adjacent to the plant's habitat. Learn more.
Swamp Pink. Photo: USFWS
Carolina northern flying squirrel. Photo: USFWS
Rock gnome lichen, endangered - One of only two lichens on the federal endangered species list, the rock gnome lichen is generally known from high-elevation areas in the Southern Appalachians. This project would protect one currently unprotected population. Learn more.
Other important groups of plants and animals that would benefit from Mountain Bogs National Wildlife Refuge:
Prairie warbler. Photo: Steve Maslowski, USFWS
Woodcock. Photo: Richard Baetsen, USFWS
Red salamander. Photo: Gary Peeples/USFWS
Monarch butterfly. Photo: Mark Musselman, USFWS
Last updated: August 15, 2012