Economic Impact of Wildlife-Associated Recreation in Mississippi: 2011
Wildlife-related recreation generates billions of dollars for our nation's economy every year.
In an effort to highlight the contributions of southeastern hunters, anglers, and wildlife watchers, we are featuring findings from the 2011 National Survey of Fishing, Hunting, and Wildlife-Associated Recreation report. This report is the result of interviews conducted by the Census Bureau with U.S. residents about their fishing, hunting, and wildlife watching. It focuses on 2011 participation and expenditures of persons 16 years of age and older.
Wildlife-related recreation is fishing, hunting, and wildlife-watching activities. These categories are not mutually exclusive because many individuals participated in more than one activity. Wildlife-related recreation is reported in two major categories: (1) fishing and hunting, and (2) wildlife watching, which includes observing, photographing, and feeding fish or wildlife.
According to the report, in 2011 1.4 million people participated in wildlife-related recreation in the state of Mississippi, generating $2.6 billion for our economy.
2011 Mississippi Quick Financials
- $2.6 billion total spent on wildlife-related recreation in Mississippi
- $528 millionspent in Mississippi from fishing-related activities
- $915 million spent in Mississippi on hunting-related activities
- $342 millionspent in Mississippi on wildlife-watching activities
Fishing in Mississippi: $528 Million
Who fishes in Mississippi, and how much do they spend?
- 651,000 people 16 years and older spent a combined total of 9.2 million days fishing in the state of Mississippi in 2011
- 92% of anglers were state residents (600,000 people)
- 8% of anglers were from out-of-state (51,000 people)
- In total, residents and nonresidents combined spent an estimated total of $528 mililion on fishing in the state in 2011
- Trip-related expenditures (food, lodging, transportation): $316 million
- Equipment: $201 million
- Other items (magazines, membership dues, licenses, etc.): $11 million - 2% of all fishing expenditures
- People spent more than twice as much per day on saltwater fishing as freshwater fishing ($54/day saltwater vs. $25/day freshwater)
- The most popular fish with freshwater anglers is catfish
Hunting in Mississippi: $915 Million
Who hunts in Mississippi, and how much do they spend?
- 483,000 people 16 years and older spent a combined total of
9.1 million days hunting in the state of Mississippi in 2011
- 90% of hunters were state residents (436,000 people)
- 10% of hunters were out-of-state (47,000 people)
- In total, residents and nonresidents combined spent an estimated total of $915 million on hunting in the state in 2011
- Trip-related expenditures (food, lodging, transportation): $244 million
- Equipment: $428 million
- Other items (magazines, membership dues, licenses, etc.): $242 million - 27% of all hunting expenditures
- Hunters on average spent almost twice as much on migratory bird hunting than spent on big game ($43 migratory birds vs. $26 big game and $14 on small game)
- However, each individual hunter spent more overall on their big game trips ($417 per trip) than on their small game and migratory bird hunting trips ($197 and $225 per trip)
Wildlife-Watching in Mississippi: $342 Million
Who watches wildlife in Mississippi, and how much do they spend?
Two wildlife-watching activities are reported: (1) away-from-home activities and (2) around-the-home activities. Because some people participated in more than one type of wildlife watching, the sum of participants in each type will be greater than the total number of wildlife watchers. Only those engaged in activities whose primary purpose was wildlife watching are included in the survey. Secondary wildlife watching, such as incidentally observing wildlife while pleasure driving, is not included.
- 781,000 people 16 years and older watched wildlife in Mississippi in 2011
- 79% of all wildlife watchers did so close to their home (620,000 people)
- 21% of all wildlife watchers traveled at least one mile from home to observe wildlife (161,000 people)
- (111,000 people) were state residents
- In total, residents and nonresidents combined spent an estimated total of $342 million on wildlife-watching in the state
- Trip-related expenditures (food, lodging, transportation): $90 million
- Equipment: $238 million
- Other items (magazines, membership dues, plantings, etc.): $14 million - 4% of all wildlife-watching expenditures
- The most popular around-the-home wildlife-watching activity is feeding wildlife (532,000 people)
- Mississippians spent nearly 1.4 million days engaged in away-from-home wildlife-watching activities in their state
- A few less people photographed wildlife while near their homes than while away from their homes (192,000 people at home, 194,000 away-from-home)
- 73,000 people reported visiting parks and natural areas to observe wildlife