Longleaf Pine Ecosystem Fact Sheet
A longleaf pine community (young longleaf in
longleaf pine ecosystem once covered a
reported 90 million acres in the Southeastern United States.
less that three million acres remain (over 97% decline), mostly
in the Coastal Plains of the Carolinas, Georgia, Florida, Alabama,
Louisiana, and Texas.
for Fish and Wildlife Initiative
The U.S. Fish
and Wildlife Service, Southeast Region, is working with other
partners through its Partners for Fish and Wildlife Program
to locate private landowners that are interested in restoring
this endangered ecosystem, and to develop and carry out a habitat
restoration plan for their property.
Over the past
10 years, the Service has initiated habitat restoration projects
on over 57,000 acres (200+ landowners) in Georgia, North and
South Carolina, Alabama, and Florida.
The Service works
closely with the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) and other
partners in identify and implementing longleaf pine restoration
projects through Farm Bill conservation programs.
in Many Ways
of longleaf pine offer more diversity, visual
appeal, wildlife habitat, and higher value
products than other pine species.
30 plant and animal species associated with
longleaf pine ecosystems are threatened or
endangered, including the red-cockaded woodpecker
and gopher tortoise.
pine, when managed properly with fire, provides
excellent bobwhite quail habitat.
pine is relatively wind firm and is resistant
to many diseases, insects (including southern
pine beetles), and other damaging agents.
pine can grow and survive well on poor,
sandy soils, but can also grow as well
as other pines on good sites.
Area in North Florida
planted with wiregrass (an important
ecosystem component) prior to planting
wood of longleaf is dense and strong, with
an inherent resistance to rot and decay.
Its growth form, with long, straight boles
yields high-value wood products.
Can You Do?
landowners are increasingly interested in restoring this ecosystem
for themselves and future generations.
technical, and financial assistance are available (limited) from
various Federal and state agencies and conservation groups.
These Groups for More Information
U. S. Fish and
Wildlife Service, Partners for Fish and
Wildlife Program (contact the nearest
Conservation Service, and Farm Service
Agency, USDA (contact the office
nearest you and ask about the Conservation
U.S. Forest Service,
USDA (Forest Stewardship Program)>
Auburn Univ., AL 36849
Andalusia, AL 36420
out the Longleaf Pine Forum by clicking
Extension Service (Information
Soil and Water Conservation Agency
Fish and Wildlife Agency