The Service determined in 1995 that a threatened listing for the swift fox was warranted but precluded by other higher priority species. This action prompted state wildlife agencies within the historic range of the species to form the Swift Fox Conservation Team to work cooperatively on swift fox management and conservation. The Conservation Team, in coordination with the Service and other interested parties, assembled existing information, collected new biological data, and implemented swift fox monitoring and management programs. These actions resulted in a better understanding of the species' status. Furthermore, the continuing efforts of the Conservation Team indicate that management activities for this species will be carefully considered in the future. Recent, successful reintroduction efforts in Canada and on Blackfeet Tribal lands in Montana have also contributed to understanding the behavior, ecology, and habitat requirements of swift fox. Additional reintroduction efforts are currently underway in South Dakota. All of these actions have improved the long-term viability of the swift fox and resulted in the removal of this species in 2001 from consideration for listing under the Endangered Species Act. The following documents provide a more detailed account of Service activities related to the swift fox. All documents are in .pdf format so you will need Adobe Acrobat to download the documents. A free copy of Acrobat Reader can be obtained from www.adobe.com/products/acrobat/readstep2.html.
Photos by Lu Carbyn.
Candidate and Listing Priority Assignment Form 2000 (PDF Format 15 pages) (62 KB)
Notice of Intent to Sue (Forest Guardians December 9, 2004) (263 KB)
USFWS Response to NOI (March 21, 2005) (144 KB)
Additional information is available on the Swift Fox Conservation Team website.
Last updated: September 9, 2013