Cultural Resources at St. Marks NWR
Home to abundant and rare wildlife while providing many recreational opportunities, the St. Marks National Wildlife Refuge also encompasses and manages many significant cultural resources. Encompassing much of the coastline of Apalachee Bay the refuge contains cultural sites that are significant in the history of Florida and the Untied States.
Mission of Cultural Resources at St Marks NWR
- To professionally manage the cultural resources at St Marks NWR though identification, protection, conservation, and interpretation.
- Educate the public about the delicate balance between man and nature by highlighting the historical benefits of wildlife and the importance of wildlife to the development of culture.
1. The refuge is home to the St. Marks Lighthouse, which was built in 1832 and has weathered over 100 storms.
2. The "St. Marks Lighthouse" is a PowerPoint presentation, originally given at the 2005 annual meeting of the Florida Lighthouse Association. It chronicles the 175 year history of St. Marks most recognized structure.
3. "Build A Lighthouse Lamp" is a classroom activity for teachers explaining how early lighthouse lamps in the United States used properties of light to make a brighter navigational beacon. Students assist in making a model of an early lighthouse lamp using mirrors and lenses.
4. Timeline: Archeological and historic sites recount the activities of humans in the refuge area from 12, 000 years ago to the present.
5. The maritime history of Apalachee Bay is surveyed in a PowerPoint program "Navigating the Gulf" (link) designed especially for teachers. Images, photographs and maps document the colorful coastal history of this area.