U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service logo A Unit of the National Wildlife Refuge System
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Tetlin
National Wildlife Refuge


Wetlands along Scottie and Desper Creeks are very productive areas for waterfowl and bald eagles.
1.3 mile Borealis Avenue
PO Box 779
Tok, AK   99780
E-mail: tetlin@fws.gov
Phone Number: 907-883-5312
Visit the Refuge's Web Site:
http://www.fws.gov/refuge/tetlin/
Tetlin National Wildlife Refuge includes snowcapped mountains and glacier-fed rivers, forests and treeless tundra, and an abundance of wetlands.
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  Overview
Tetlin National Wildlife Refuge
Tetlin National Wildlife Refuge is a dynamic landscape made up of forests, wetlands, tundra, lakes, mountains and glacial rivers bounded by the snowy peaks of the Alaska Range. This upper Tanana River valley has been called the "Tetlin Passage," because it serves as a major migratory route for birds traveling to and from Canada, the lower 48 and both Central and South America. Many of these birds breed and nest on the refuge. Others pass through on their way to breeding and nesting grounds elsewhere in the state. Migrants, including ducks, geese, swans, cranes, raptors and songbirds, begin arriving in the valley in April, and continue into early June. An estimated 126 species breed on Tetlin during the short summer, when long days and warm temperatures accelerate the growth of plants, insects and other invertebrates, providing a ready source of rich foods for nesting birds.

Tetlin Refuge also supports a variety of large mammals. Dall sheep dot the higher slopes while moose feed upon the tender new growth that springs up in the wake of frequent lightning caused fires. Wolves, grizzly and black bears and members of three different caribou herds range over the refuge.

Two of the six known humpback whitefish spawning areas in the Yukon River drainage are located within the refuge. Along with caribou and moose, these fish are important subsistence resources for area residents. Arctic grayling, northern pike and burbot are also found in the refuge's many streams and lakes.


Getting There . . .
The Tetlin Refuge headquarters is located in Tok at the corner of Midnight Sun and Borealis Avenue. The community of Tok is located 94 miles northwest of the U.S./Canada border, and is 205 miles southeast of Fairbanks, Alaska. The refuge's visitor welcome station is located at milepost 1229 on the Alaska Highway, just seven miles from the U.S./Canada border. The northern boundary of Tetlin Refuge extends 65 miles along the Alaska Highway. Foot access to the northern portion of the refuge is available along the Alaska Highway from the U.S./Canada border at milepost 1221.5 to milepost 1242 of the Alaska Highway. Small boat/canoe access is available at Desper Creek at milepost 1225.4, the Chisana River bridge in Northway at milepost 1264, the old Riverside airstrip at milepost 1281 and at the Tanana River bridge at milepost 1303.6. Access to the interior of the refuge is limited to watercraft, small ski/float equipped airplane, foot travel or snowmachine.

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Wildlife and Habitat

Abundant wetlands, forests and glacial rivers dominate the landscape of Tetlin National Wildlife Refuge. Most of the Refuge is rolling lowlands, but the Mentasta Mountains in the southwest corner give rise to glacial peaks reaching 8,000 feet.

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History
Until the late 1800's, the indigenous Athabascan people of the Upper Tanana valley roamed the boreal forest in small bands isolated from the outside world. They followed the seasonal migrations of caribou, waterfowl and fish, gathered berries, trapped and hunted small mammals and game birds. Russian explorers entered the Copper River drainage, but failed to gain access to the Upper Tanana. The first explorer to enter the upper Tanana River valley was Lt. Allen, US Army, in 1885. Most of the early contacts made by the Upper Tanana Athabascans were made with traders on the Yukon River.

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    Recreation and Education Opportunities
Environmental Education
Fishing
Hunting
Interpretation
Photography
Wildlife Observation
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Management Activities
The Tetlin Refuge has three main programs: biological, fire management and public use.

The biological program centers around conserving and maintaining the refuge's fish and wildlife populations in their natural diversity. Refuge habitats have not been significantly impacted by human activities. Therefore, the biological programs focus on baseline inventories and monitoring, as well as studies of wildlife populations. These include frequent surveys of waterfowl, landbirds, shorebirds, raptors, small mammals, moose, caribou and furbearers. Other research, often crafted to answer specific questions, has focused on whitefish, landbirds, loons, swans, osprey, lynx, wolves, bears, moose, caribou and refuge water quality.

The fire management program's primary function is maintaining the refuge's habitats in their natural diversity through the management of naturally occurring fires and prescribed burns. Most of the refuge lands are classified as "limited" suppression areas, where fires are allowed to burn under the influence of natural forces while being monitored to assure the protection of human life, property and site specific values. Natural fire breaks, topography and weather patterns typically control these wildfires. Both pre- and post vegetation sampling, fuel consumption studies, weather monitoring and community fire hazard reduction projects are also part of the refuge's fire management program.

The public use program provides numerous opportunities for interpretation and environmental education through displays, interpretive presentations, evening camp-fire programs, classes and activities for young people.