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Arrowwood
Wetland Management District


Dark green plants ring the shoreline of a wetland at Arrowwood Wetland Management District.
7745 11th Street SE
Pingree, ND   58476
E-mail: arrowwood@fws.gov
Phone Number: 701-285-3341
Visit the Refuge's Web Site:
http://arrowwood.fws.gov/arrowwood_wmd/
Wetlands protected by Arrowwood Wetland Management District provide the right combination of habitats for many waterbirds such as ducks, grebes, and herons.
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  Overview
Arrowwood Wetland Management District
Arrowwood Wetland Management District (WMD) was established in east-central North Dakota in 1961 as a breeding ground for migratory birds and other wildlife. The District currently includes 28 waterfowl production areas (WPA) across Foster and Eddy counties; acreage in the District totals 6,162 acres. Within the District, there are also 314 wetland easements (19,046 acres), 4 Farmers Home Administration easements, and 1 easement refuge (Johnson Lake National Wildlife Refuge). Arrowwood WMD is part of the Arrowwood National Wildlife Refuge (NWR) Complex.

WPAs offer many opportunities for wildlife observation, hiking, hunting, photography, cross-country skiing, education, and interpretation for organized groups. Wildlife often observed on the WPAs includes waterfowl, upland game birds, songbirds, birds of prey, deer, and numerous fur bearers.


Getting There . . .
The Refuge headquarters is located 26 miles north of Jamestown and about 23 miles south of Carrington. From Jamestown, travel north on Highway 281 to Edmunds. At Edmunds, go east on County Road 44 for 5.5 miles and turn north on the headquarters road. From Carrington, travel south on Highway 281 to Edmunds. Turn east on County Road 44 for 5.5 miles, and turn north on the headquarters road. There are signs on Highway 281 and County Road 44 directing visitors to the headquarters.


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Wildlife and Habitat

The District lies in the heart of the "Prairie Pothole Region." This relatively small area contains a high density of wetlands, commonly called "potholes," which attract nearly half of the continent's breeding waterfowl.

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History
Arrowwood WMD was created in 1961 as a breeding ground for migratory birds and other wildlife. It has continued to function in this role through the present day.

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    Recreation and Education Opportunities
Environmental Education
Fishing
Interpretation
Photography
Wildlife Observation
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Management Activities
A variety of management techniques are used to manage upland and wetland habitats on WPAs. These techniques vary depending on the specific goals and objectives desired for a specific habitat type. The three basic grassland habitat types are native grasslands, planted native grasslands, and planted dense nesting cover (DNC).

Prescribed burning and grazing are preferred treatments for native grasses. When timed properly, these techniques can improve vigor and modify species composition of warm and cool season native grasses. Haying and raking can also improve the vigor of native grasses and DNC. Haying and grazing activities are accomplished by issuing special use permits to private landowners.

Old stands of DNC are occasionally broken out and farmed for successive years and then seeded back to DNC or natives. Cooperative farming agreements are developed with private landowners as cooperators. WPA lands are mostly farmed on a share crop basis. The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service's portion of the crop is either left standing as a food plot or harvested and used for resident wildlife feeders. Noxious weed management techniques include chemical application, mowing, sheep grazing, and biological controls such as flea beetles on leafy spurge.