U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service logo A Unit of the National Wildlife Refuge System
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Yazoo
National Wildlife Refuge


728 Yazoo Refuge Road
Hollandale, MS   38748
E-mail: yazoo@fws.gov
Phone Number: 662-839-2638
Visit the Refuge's Web Site:
http://www.fws.gov/refuge/yazoo/
Yazoo NWR - Cypress Stand
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  Overview
Yazoo National Wildlife Refuge

Welcome to Yazoo National Wildlife Refuge - the oldest national wildlife refuge in the State of Mississippi. This refuge was established in 1936 as one of the links in a chain of refuges that provide for the wintering needs of ducks and geese in the Mississippi Flyway. Yazoo NWR is also known as one of the premier hunting refuges in the southeastern U.S. For years, hunters have traditionally scheduled their vacations to hunt Yazoo NWR's white-tailed deer. You can learn more about Yazoo NWR's hunting programs in the Hunting Regulations for the Complex.

Yazoo NWR is also home-sweet-home to a healthy population of American alligators, a reptile species whose ancestry can be traced back to the age of the dinosaur. In early June the mama 'gators build nest mounds of dirt and vegetation in which they lay their eggs. Often these are in locations easily observed by the public. The mother alligator remains close to the nest, until the eggs hatch in late August or early September, to guard it from predators. During this period her protective instincts are heightened. None of our visitors has ever been hurt by an aggressive alligator, but if you should come across a nest, please keep your distance!


Getting There . . .
Yazoo National Wildlife Refuge is located in the heart of Mississippi's Delta Region, 28 miles south of Greenville, MS, and 61 miles north of Vicksburg, Mississippi. From Greenville take Highway 1 south to the refuge sign. Turn east on Yazoo Refuge Road, and proceed to the Headquarters sign. From Vicksburg travel north on Highway 61. Turn west onto Highway 436 and proceed approximately 5.5 miles to the refuge sign at Beargarden Road. Turn right on Beargarden Road and follow the signs to Refuge Headquarters.

For maps go to: http://yazoo.fws.gov/directions.html


Get Google map and directions to this refuge/WMD from a specified address:

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These driving directions are provided as a general guide only. No representation is made or warranty given as to their content, road conditions or route usability or expeditiousness. User assumes all risk of use.

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Wildlife and Habitat

Initially, Yazoo was established as a link in the chain of refuges throughout the Mississippi flyway, with special emphasis on wintering habitat for ducks and geese. Through ensuing years as land acquisition progressed, emphasis was added for reproduction of mourning doves, wood ducks, Canada geese and colonial birds, along with endangered and resident species. Turkey management began in 1970 with the introduction of a nucleus flock.

Yazoo's 12,941 acres of undulating Delta soils range from heavy gumbo (clay) to silt loam and limited sand ridges (hot spots). Most farm acreage is classed as prime agricultural land. Elevations range from 90 feet in the main drainage to 113 feet in agricultural areas.

Area temperatures range from 100 degrees F normal maximum to 15 degrees F normal minimum. Extremes for the 11 year period, 1994-2004, were a high of 106 degrees F and a low of 8 degrees F. Average annual rainfall measures 52.55 inches.

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History
Thousands of years ago America's first inhabitants lived, thrived, and died on lands that are now included in the boundaries of Yazoo National Wildlife Refuge. Today you can see "Indian mounds" throughout the Delta region, visual evidence of this past ancient culture. One of the most impressive Indian mounds can be seen on Yazoo Refuge Road just east of the intersection with Deer Lake Road. Drive by and check out the Swan Lake Indian Mound, and imagine how long it took to build this earthen structure using just small baskets.

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    Recreation and Education Opportunities
Fishing
Hunting
Photography
Wildlife Observation
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Management Activities
The refuge conducts a comprehensive program of reforestation, moist-soil management, greentree reservoir management, cooperative farming, waterfowl management, wood duck nest box management, shorebird management, non-consumptive public use and one of the largest public hunting programs in Region 4.