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Lake Woodruff
National Wildlife Refuge


2045 Mud Lake Road
Deleon Springs, FL   32130
E-mail: lakewoodruff@fws.gov
Phone Number: 386-985-4673
Visit the Refuge's Web Site:
http://www.fws.gov/lakewoodruff/
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  Overview
Lake Woodruff National Wildlife Refuge
Lake Woodruff National Wildlife Refuge Lake Woodruff NWR was established in 1964 to provide habitat for migrating and wintering birds. The refuge contains 21,574 acres of freshwater marshes, 5,800 acres of Cypress and mixed hardwood swamps, 2,400 acres of uplands, and more than 1,000 acres of lakes, streams, and canals. The bilogical diversity of the wetlands provides nesting, overwintering and stopover habitat during migration for neotropical songbirds, migratory waterfowl, shorebirds, wading birds and raptors (215 bird species have been counted).

Additionally, endangered and threatened species benefit from the wetland habitat and management practices of Lake Woodruff National Wildlife Refuge. The refuge contains over 5,000 acres of freshwater and more than 50 miles of waterways, which are utilized by the endangered Florida manatees as foraging, breeding and calving areas. More than 23 miles are designated as manatee protection zones.

Other Federally endangered or threatened species which are known to inhabit the refuge include the Eastern indigo snake, American alligator, Wood stork, and the Snail kite, which is a very specialized raptor feeding only on Apple snails. Like the Limpkin, wading birds occur on the refuge in unusually abundant numbers.


Getting There . . .
Lake Woodruff NWR is located 25 miles west of Daytona Beach, Florida, and 7 miles north of DeLand on U.S. Highway 17 near the community of DeLeon Springs, FL. From Highway 17 in DeLeon Springs, turn west and go one block to Grand Avenue. Turn south on Grand and go approximately 3 blocks to Mud Lake Road. Refuge directional signs are prominently displayed on both U.S. 17 and Grand Ave. to direct the way to the refuge and headquarters office.


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These driving directions are provided as a general guide only. No representation is made or warranty given as to their content, road conditions or route usability or expeditiousness. User assumes all risk of use.

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History
Lake Woodruff National Wildlife Refuge was named after Major Joseph Woodruff, who acquired the DeLeon Springs property, which was then known as Spring Garden in 1823.

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Management Activities
Managing the array of refuge habitats focuses on maintaining and enhancing the natural qualities of the area and providing optimum habitat for wildlife, especially endangered and threatened species, plants, and for people to enjoy. Present management techniques center around wetlands, freshwater and upland areas. Water levels are manipulated in the impoundments to encourage the growth of desirable plant species. The flooding or draining of these areas also benefits waterfowl, such as wading birds and ducks.

Exotic plant management is also an ongoing activity. The control or prevention of invasive plants that otherwise would take over valuable habitat areas is vital to the survival and existence of native plant and wildlife species.

Good effective forest management practices, such as selective harvesting of some trees and controlled burning, allow for more openings on the forest floor, which in turn encourages the growth of shrubs and other small plants that are beneficial to wildlife.

An active law enforement program is implemented to help safeguard the plant and wildlife species of the refuge and their habitats as well as to insure a pleasurable experience and the safety for the visiting public.