National Wildlife Refuge
|P.O. Box 276
Maxwell, NM 87728
Phone Number: 575-375-2331
|Visit the Refuge's Web Site:
|Common scenes at Maxwell NWR.|
Maxwell National Wildlife Refuge
Located in the high central plains of northeastern New Mexico, Maxwell National Wildlife Refuge was established in 1965 as a feeding and resting area for migratory birds. Over 350 acres of the Refuge are planted with wheat, corn, barley, and alfalfa to provide food for resident and migratory wildlife. Visitors may see bald and golden eagles, falcons, hawks, sandhill cranes, ducks, white pelicans, burrowing owls, great horned owls, black-tailed prairie dogs, coyotes, mule deer, white-tailed deer, and the occasional elk.
Getting There . . .
Located on Refuge Road, 1.5 miles north of the intersection of Refuge Road and State Road 505, the administrative office is open Monday through Friday from 7:30 am to 4:00 pm.
Public entry into the refuge is available off State Road 445 and State Road 505.
Get Google map and directions to this refuge/WMD from a specified address:
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A variety of management programs enhance the array of habitats available to wildlife on the refuge. A major portion of refuge management effort is spent controlling at least 8 exotic and invasive plants and pursuing funding to eliminate these threats. Invasive exotic plants, hoary cress and Canada, musk, and bull thistles pose a serious threat to the ability of the refuge to achieve its wildlife and habitat objectives. These alien plants, lacking natural predators and insects to keep them in check, rapidly expand, forming dense forests or thickets which are undesirable to humans and wildlife.
Historically, grassland ecosystems were regulated by many factors. The refuge used a variety of management tools in an attempt to replace these historic large-scale natural disturbances. Using tools including grazing, prescribed burning, mowing, re-seeding of native species, and sometimes herbicide treatments, managers try to give every plant species in the prairie a chance to grow and reproduce successfully. survive.
Providing grain crops for wildlife has been an integral component of the development of Maxwell since its establishment in 1965. Crops are grown and left in the fields for the fall and spring migrations of geese, swans, ducks, and cranes.