U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service logo A Unit of the National Wildlife Refuge System
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Salt Plains
National Wildlife Refuge


Salt Plains NWR offers a sensational place for animals and humans to interact.  Birds like the bald eagle, snowy plover, Canada geese, and American avocets visit the refuge.
Route 1, Box 76
Jet, OK   73749
E-mail:
Phone Number: 580-626-4794
Visit the Refuge's Web Site:
http://www.fws.gov/refuge/salt_plains/
Salt Plains NWR offers a wide variety of habitats for wildlife, resulting in a rich diversity of wildlife species who use the refuge throughout the year.
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  Overview
Salt Plains National Wildlife Refuge
The Salt Plains NWR was established in 1930 as a refuge and breeding ground for birds and has been designated an Important Bird Area and a member of the Western Hemisphere Shorebird Reserve Network.

It provides habitat for approximately 300 species of birds and 30 species of mammals. The 32,168 acre refuge is divided into almost equal parts of nonvegetated salt flat, open water, and vegetated land (marsh, woods, grasslands, and croplands).


Getting There . . .
To the Headquarters Office: From junction of State Highways 11 and 38 travel south 2 miles on Highway 38 and then 1 mile west to the office.


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These driving directions are provided as a general guide only. No representation is made or warranty given as to their content, road conditions or route usability or expeditiousness. User assumes all risk of use.

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Wildlife and Habitat

Salt Plains NWR, located in north-central Oklahoma in Alfalfa County, was established in 1930 as a breeding ground and feeding area for migratory birds, primarily waterfowl. The refuge is also a home to many other mammals, plants, amphibians, reptiles and invertebrates.

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History
In 1811, Sans Orielle, an Osage Indian, with others of his tribe, guided Major George C. Sibley, Indian Agent from Fort Osage, Missouri, and his party to Salt Plains. They are thought to have been the first white men to see the plains.

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    Recreation and Education Opportunities
Fishing
Hunting
Photography
Wildlife Observation
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Management Activities
Farming, grazing, prescribed burning and wetland draining/flooding are management tools used to enhance the habitat for wildlife. Many ponds and marshes have been built to encourage the growth of wild millet, alkali bulrush, smartweed, and other moist soil plants that waterfowl use for food.