U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service logo A Unit of the National Wildlife Refuge System
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Nomans Land Island
National Wildlife Refuge


c/o Eastern MA NWR Complex
73 Weir Hill Road
Sudbury, MA   01776
E-mail: fw5rw_emnwr@fws.gov
Phone Number: 978-443-4661
Visit the Refuge's Web Site:
http://www.fws.gov/refuge/nomans_land_island/
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  Wildlife and Habitat

Continued . . .

The Island especially provides important habitat to many guilds of birds including: seabirds, shorebirds, marshbirds, waterfowl, songbirds and raptors. During the summer, large numbers of double-crested cormorants, Virginia rails and various songbirds (Savannah sparrows and common yellowthroats) rely on the Island for nesting habitat. In addition, Leach's storm-petrels were confirmed nesting on the Island in 2002 (one of only two sites where this species nests in Massachusetts). During the fall migration, numerous species of raptors (such as peregrine falcons and Cooper's hawks) and neotropical migrants use the Island as feeding and resting habitat.

Nomans Land Island Refuge was well forested in the 17th century, but was cleared almost completely during the 1800s for farming and sheep raising, and current vegetation is indicative of a previously forested area. Harsh oceanic winds, salt spray, and lack of shelter have since created a brush, grass, and sedge vegetative complex. Dominant upland vegetation includes rose, poison ivy, bayberry, and arrowwood. Openings created by past fires support grasses and forbs, while areas not affected by fire are dominated by bayberry. Sand dune-beach plant communities along the northern shore are comprised of American beachgrass, switchgrass, beardgrass, seaside goldenrod and beach pea.

 
 
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