National Wildlife Refuge
|8588 Route 148
Marion, IL 62959
Phone Number: 618-997-3344
|Visit the Refuge's Web Site:
|Wintering numbers of Canada Geese on the refuge can peak at 200,000.|
Continued . . . Forests cover about 56 percent of the refuge. One refuge goal has been to manage for productive oak-hickory forest dominated by native species. Examples of wildlife that use refuge forests are deer, squirrels, raccoons, hawks, owls, and a variety of migratory and resident forest birds.
About 20 percent of the refuge is covered by open water, almost all of it in man-made reservoirs. Open water serves as habitat for warm-water sport fish, waterfowl and other water birds.
Cropland covers about 10 percent of the refuge. Row croplands are farmed through cooperative farming agreements with eight farmers. Examples of wildlife that use cropland are deer, Canada goose, northern bobwhite, and turkey.
Wetlands cover about 6 percent of the refuge. The majority of these wetlands are bottomland hardwood forests and moist-soil units. Examples of wildlife that use wetlands are waterfowl, herons, shorebirds, raccoons, turtles, frogs, and other amphibians and reptiles.
About 4 percent of the refuge is covered by grassland. The majority of refuge grassland is managed pasture and hay, with the remainder represented by planted, native, warm-season grasses. Examples of wildlife that use grassland are deer, rabbit, northern bobwhite, grasshopper sparrow, loggerhead shrike, dickcissel, and eastern meadowlark.
About 2 percent of the refuge is covered by shrubland. Most refuge shrubland is the result of abandoning farm and industrial areas. Examples of wildlife that use shrubland are deer, rabbit, loggerhead shrike, Bell's vireo, and field sparrow.
About 2 percent of the refuge is covered by developed land. These include: roads and adjacent rights-of-way and industrial, administrative, and recreational facilities.
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