National Wildlife Refuge
|24907 FM 2004
Angleton, TX 77515
Phone Number: 979-964-4011 (Complex Office)
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|Roseate spoonbills are a common sight at Brazoria NWR.|
Continued . . . In winter, more than 100,000 snow geese, Canada geese, pintails, northern shovelers, teals, gadwalls, American widgeons, and mottled ducks fill the plentiful ponds and sloughs to capacity. Sandhill cranes also join in.
In summer, birds that nest on the refuge include 10 species of herons and egrets, white ibis, roseate spoonbills, mottled ducks, white-tailed kites, clapper rails, horned larks, seaside sparrows, black skimmers, and scissor-tailed flycatchers.
Wildlife that was once endangered find sanctuary at Brazoria NWR. Look for alligators year-round on Big Slough and in refuge ponds. In dry seasons, their trails through the mud and excavated gator holes are easy to spot. Roseate spoonbills capture the pink glow of sunrise in their wings in flight. Those same rosy feathers proved a near death sentence when demand for feather hats decimated spoonbills, great egrets, and other fine-feathered fowl until plume hunting ended before World War I.
The wealth of the marsh complex goes far beyond birds and alligators. Frogs, toads, salamanders, and turtles hop, slither, and plop into the waters. Mice and rats form a terrific prey base for snakes, coyotes, bobcats, and hawks. If you're lucky you might spot an otter swimming in a slough. Feral hogs and nutria - a muskrat-like animal - are not natives and can disrupt the native ecology, although alligators find them a delicacy.
Butterflies pollinate flowers. Dragonflies prey on smaller insects, including mosquitoes. Even the mosquito forms a strand of an elaborate food web. As larvae in the water, they serve as fish food, and when they fly they're a delectable treat for songbirds by day and bats by night. At Brazoria NWR, nature reigns, from mosquitoes, snakes, and alligators to egrets, cranes, and warblers.
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