National Wildlife Refuge
|State Hwy 56 and Lighthouse Rd
Kilauea, HI 96754 - 1128
Phone Number: 808-828-1413
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Continued . . . Fossils of ancient wetlands indicate that the native wildlife that remain are a remnant of the abundance and diversity of species that once inhabited these islands. Today, approximately 31 species of birds, including endangered ae‘o (Hawaiian stilt), ‘alae ke‘oke‘o (Hawaiian coot), ‘alae ‘ula (Hawaiian moorhen), nene (Hawaiian goose), and koloa maoli (Hawaiian duck), migratory waterfowl and shorebirds such as koloa mapu (northern pintail) and ‘ulili (wandering tattler), rare visitors and accidentals, and at least 18 introduced resident species can be found on the refuge. The refuge also provides habitat for the endangered ‘ope‘ape‘a (Hawaiian hoary bat), Hawaii’s only native terrestrial mammal.
Threats to endangered waterbirds include loss and degradation of habitat, historic over-hunting, disease, predation by introduced predators, and other invasive species including the feral mallard that can compete for limited wetlands resources and crossbreed with the endangered koloa maoli.
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