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[Laws in effect as of January 6, 1999]
[Document not affected by Public Laws enacted between January 6, 1999 and April 7, 2000]
TITLE 16--CONSERVATION CHAPTER 1--NATIONAL PARKS, MILITARY PARKS, MONUMENTS, AND SEASHORES SUBCHAPTER LXVIII--NATIONAL CONSERVATION RECREATIONAL AREAS
Sec. 460k. Public recreation use of fish and wildlife conservation areas; compatibility with conservation purposes; appropriate incidental or secondary use; consistency with other Federal operations and primary objectives of particular areas; curtailment; forms of recreation not directly related to primary purposes of individual areas; repeal or amendment of provisions for particular areas
In recognition of mounting public demands for recreational opportunities on areas within the National Wildlife Refuge System, national fish hatcheries, and other conservation areas administered by the Secretary of the Interior for fish and wildlife purposes; and in recognition also of the resulting imperative need, if such recreational opportunities are provided, to assure that any present or future recreational use will be compatible with, and will not prevent accomplishment of, the primary purposes for which the said conservation areas were acquired or established, the Secretary of the Interior is authorized, as an appropriate incidental or secondary use, to administer such areas or parts thereof for public recreation when in his judgment public recreation can be an appropriate incidental or secondary use: Provided, That such public recreation use shall be permitted only to the extent that is practicable and not inconsistent with other previously authorized Federal operations or with the primary objectives for which each particular area is established: Provided further, That in order to insure accomplishment of such primary objectives, the Secretary, after consideration of all authorized uses, purposes, and other pertinent factors relating to individual areas, shall curtail public recreation use generally or certain types of public recreation use within individual areas or in portions thereof whenever he considers such action to be necessary: And provided further, That none of the aforesaid refuges, hatcheries, game ranges, and other conservation areas shall be used during any fiscal year for those forms of recreation that are not directly related to the primary purposes and functions of the individual areas until the Secretary shall have determined--
(Pub. L. 87-714, Sec. 1, Sept. 28, 1962, 76 Stat. 653; Pub. L. 89-669, Sec. 9, Oct. 15, 1966, 80 Stat. 930.)
1966--Pub. L. 89-669 substituted ``areas within the National Wildlife Refuge System'' for ``national wildlife refuges, game ranges'' in introductory text.
Pub. L. 87-714, which enacted this subchapter, is popularly known as the ``Refuge Recreation Act''.
Sec. 460k-1. Acquisition of lands for recreational development; funds
The Secretary is authorized to acquire areas of land, or interests therein, which are suitable for--
Lands acquired pursuant to this section shall become a part of the particular conservation area to which they are adjacent.
(Pub. L. 87-714, Sec. 2, Sept. 28, 1962, 76 Stat. 653; Pub. L. 92-534, Oct. 23, 1972, 86 Stat. 1063; Pub. L. 93-205, Sec. 13(d), Dec. 28, 1973, 87 Stat. 902.)
1973--Pub. L. 93-205 inserted references to the acquisition of interest in land the conservation of endangered species or threatened species listed by the Secretary pursuant to section 1533 of this title.
1972--Pub. L. 92-534 substituted provisions authorizing the Secretary to acquire lands suitable for fish and wildlife oriented recreational development, or for the protection of natural resources and adjacent to conservation areas, for provisions authorizing the Secretary to acquire limited areas of land for recreational development adjacent to conservation areas in existence or approved by the Migratory Bird Conservation Commission as of September 28, 1962.
Effective Date of 1973 Amendment
Amendment by Pub. L. 93-205 effective Dec. 28, 1973, see section 16 of Pub. L. 93-205, set out as a note under section 1531 of this title.
Section Referred to in Other Sections
This section is referred to in section 460l-9 of this title.
Sec. 460k-2. Cooperation with agencies, organizations and individuals; acceptance of donations; restrictive covenants
In furtherance of the purposes of this subchapter, the Secretary is authorized to cooperate with public and private agencies, organizations, and individuals, and he may accept and use, without further authorization, donations of funds and real and personal property. Such acceptance may be accomplished under the terms and conditions of restrictive covenants imposed by donors when such covenants are deemed by the Secretary to be compatible with the purposes of the wildlife refuges, games ranges, fish hatcheries, and other fish and wildlife conservation areas.
(Pub. L. 87-714, Sec. 3, Sept. 28, 1962, 76 Stat. 653.)
Sec. 460k-3. Charges and fees; permits; regulations; penalties; enforcement
The Secretary may establish reasonable charges and fees and issue permits for public use of national wildlife refuges, game ranges, national fish hatcheries, and other conservation areas administered by the Department of the Interior for fish and wildlife purposes. The Secretary may issue regulations to carry out the purposes of this subchapter. A violation of such regulations shall be a misdemeanor with maximum penalties of imprisonment for not more than six months, or a fine of not more than $500, or both. The provisions of this subchapter and any such regulation shall be enforced by any officer or employee of the United States Fish and Wildlife Service designated by the Secretary of the Interior.
(Pub. L. 87-714, Sec. 4, Sept. 28, 1962, 76 Stat. 654; Pub. L. 95-616, Sec. 3(e), Nov. 8, 1978, 92 Stat. 3111; Pub. L. 98-473, title II, Sec. 221, Oct. 12, 1984, 98 Stat. 2028.)
1984--Pub. L. 98-473 substituted ``misdemeanor'' for ``petty offense (18 U.S.C. 1)''.
1978--Pub. L. 95-616 provided for designation of enforcement personnel.
Effective Date of 1984 Amendment
Amendment by Pub. L. 98-473 effective Nov. 1, 1987, and applicable only to offenses committed after the taking effect of such amendment, see section 235(a)(1) of Pub. L. 98-473, set out as an Effective Date note under section 3551 of Title 18, Crimes and Criminal Procedure.
Sec. 460k-4. Authorization of appropriations
There is authorized to be appropriated such funds as may be necessary to carry out the purposes of this subchapter, including the construction and maintenance of public recreational facilities.
(Pub. L. 87-714, Sec. 5, Sept. 28, 1962, 76 Stat. 654.)