Wolf Island National Wildlife Refuge
About Wolf Island National Wildlife Refuge
Wolf Island National Wildlife Refuge (NWR) , which includes Egg Island and Little Egg Island, was established in 1930, as a migratory bird sanctuary. It is located in McIntosh County , Georgia , 12 miles (by boat) east of Darien, shown in green in the map to the right. The refuge consists of a long narrow strip of oceanfront beach backed by a broad band of salt marsh. Over 75% of the refuge’s 5,126 acres are composed of saltwater marshes. These islands provide a place for wild birds to nest and raise their young. Endangered or threatened species that use the refuge include the piping plover, loggerhead sea turtle, American alligator, Florida manatee, and wood stork. Other wildlife, including the diamondback terrapin and brown pelican, use the area. The shallow bay waters around the islands provide excellent habitat for many species of fish.
Refuge area and Class I Designation
Learn more about air quality at Wolf Island NWR
As in most of the eastern U.S., visibility in Wolf Island NWR is affected by pollution-caused regional haze. FWS, in partnership with three programs, monitors visibility and mercury conditions at Okefenokee NWR and analyzes atmospheric pollutants at Sapelo Island, which are representative of Wolf Island air quality because of the close proximity of the two areas. FWS, measures fine airborne particles responsible for visibility impairment, in partnership with the Interagency Monitoring of Protected Visual Environments (IMPROVE) program. FWS analyzes mercury in rain, in partnership with the Mercury Deposition Network (MDN). FWS analyzes atmospheric pollutants in rain as part of the National Atmospheric Deposition Program at Sapelo Island, north of Wolf Island within the Southeast Coastal Region of Georgia. Within this website are the resources to discover why air pollution poses a threat to Wolf Island NWR and what the FWS is doing to prevent the deterioration of air quality in this pristine area.