UL Bend National Wildlife Refuge
About UL Bend National Wildlife Refuge
UL Bend National Wildlife Refuge
UL Bend National Wildlife Refuge (NWR) was established in 1967 for wildlife conservation. The refuge contains approximately 56,090 acres and is located in Phillips County,
Montana as shown in the map to the right. UL Bend Wilderness (20,819 acres) is part of the UL Bend NWR that is a portion of the vast Charles M. Russell NWR.
UL Bend provides important breeding grounds and
stopover areas for migratory birds. Species that use the refuge include the Canada goose, American widgeon, mallard, pintail, gadwall, sage grouse, sharp tailed grouse,
ring-necked pheasant, white pelican, great blue heron, gray partridge, mourning dove, golden eagle, and the peregrine and prairie falcon. Endangered or threatened species include the black-footed ferret, and the pallid sturgeon.
Refuge area and Class I Designation
- In 1976, Congress designated 20,893 acres of UL Bend NWR as wilderness, declaring that the area should remain undeveloped and "unimpaired" for future
generations. The wilderness is divided into four units: three small northern units and the large southern unit that borders the river.
- In 1977, Congress acknowledged the
uniqueness of the UL Bend Wilderness Area by designating it as a Class I air quality area. As a wilderness area it is afforded special protection under the Clean Air Act.
- Congress gave the U.S. Fish
and Wildlife Service (FWS), as the Federal Land Manager (FLM) of the UL Bend NWR, the responsibility to protect the air quality and natural resources from man-made air pollution. Despite this protection, many sources of man-made air pollution affect UL Bend including power plants in
both the U.S. and Canada, gas-processing plants, oil and gas wells, and motor vehicle emissions.
- The FWS is working cooperatively with industry and the State of Montana to reduce air pollution emissions and protect the air quality and Air Quality Related Values
(AQRVs) of UL Bend NWR.
- If the UL Bend Wilderness Area is not protected, unique wildlife and scenic values could be threatened or lost. The FWS hopes to preserve and protect these special
wilderness areas for future generations
Learn more about air quality at UL Bend NWR
FWS monitors the air quality at UL Bend in partnership with three programs as they monitor visibility, atmospheric deposition, and mercury conditions. FWS measures fine airborne particles responsible for visibility
impairment in partnership with the Interagency Monitoring of Protected Visual Environments (IMPROVE) program. Atmospheric pollutants in rain are analyzed by the National
Atmospheric Deposition Program and mercury in rain is measured by the Mercury Deposition Network (MDN). Within this website are the resources to discover why air pollution poses a threat to UL Bend NWR and what the FWS is doing to prevent the deterioration of air quality in this pristine area.
- Learn the basics of air quality - Air Quality
- Understand what are the air quality related values - AQRV
- Learn about how air quality can affect natural and scenic resources - Impacts
- Find real time monitoring data and studies being performed at the refuge - Studies & Monitoring
Regional Air Quality Information (as provided by NPS)
Charles M. Russell NWR Website
UL Bend WA 300km Radius Map (PDF 317KB)