photo of bison grazing in a field with mountains in the background
National Bison Range MontanaRyan Hagerty/USFWS
  • ... that all 50 states and five U.S. territories have at least one national wildlife refuge; 286 of the 553 refuges are within 50 miles of an urban area; and 400 refuges are within 100 miles of an urban area?


  • ... that the National Wildlife Refuge System manages 196.5 miles along the U.S. borders with Mexico and Canada? That breaks down to roughly 103 miles on the Alaska– Canada border, 88 miles along the U.S.–Mexico border and 5 miles along the Lower 48 U.S.– Canada border.


  • ... that there are approximately 1,400 bison roaming on six Refuge System units in the Lower 48 states—the National Bison Range in Montana, Wichita Mountains Wildlife Refuge in Oklahoma, Sullys Hill National Game Preserve in North Dakota, Fort Niobrara National Wildlife Refuge in Nebraska, Neal Smith National Wildlife Refuge in Iowa and Rocky Mountain Arsenal National Wildlife Refuge in Colorado?


  • ... that Izembek National Wildlife Refuge in Alaska is named after Karl Izembek, a surgeon aboard a Russian sloop, the Moller, that wintered in Bechevin Bay during the first coastal explorations of the area by white men in the 1820s?


  • ... that Green Cay National Wildlife Refuge in the U.S. Virgin Islands is the easternmost unit in the Refuge System this side of the International Dateline?


  • ... that there are 10 National Historic Landmarks, 89 National Register–listed properties, 878 paleontological sites, 2,065 historic structures and 18,755 archaeological sites within national wildlife refuges? The Refuge System also manages almost 5.5 million museum artifacts.


  • ... that Marianas Trench Marine National Monument protects the deepest point on Earth, which, at 35,760 feet, is deeper than the height of Mount Everest is above sea level?


  • ... that of the approximately 5,000 miles of public roads on national wildlife refuges, only eight percent are paved? The other 92 percent are gravel or native material.


  • ... that the namesake bird of Attwater Prairie Chicken National Wildlife Refuge in Texas is named for Henry Philemon Attwater, a naturalist and conservationist who was born in England and immigrated to Canada before moving to Texas in 1889?


  • ... that more than 90 percent of the threatened green sea turtles living in the 1,500–mile long Hawaiian archipelago nest on just a few beaches at French Frigate Shoals in the Hawaiian Islands National Wildlife Refuge?


  • ... that the earliest effort to set aside an area of federally owned land specifically for wildlife occurred in 1868 when President Ulysses S. Grant set aside the Pribilof Islands in Alaska as a reserve for the northern fur seal? In 1869, Congress formally enacted legislation for this purpose.


  • ... that national wildlife refuges generate significant revenue and create jobs for local economies? According to the Banking on Nature 2006 study, refuges generate $4 in economic revenue for local economies for every dollar appropriated to the Refuge System.