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Mammals

Roosevelt elk calves are born with spots that help them hide from predators/Photo Courtesy of Mark Johnson

Mammals big and small inhabit the refuge. These furred animals live in the brackish bay waters and the tops of trees, the open fields and shores of freshwater streams. Discover some of the mammals that live at Willapa National Wildlife Refuge…

  • American Black Bear

    Black bears have an outstanding sense of smell which they use to find a variety of foods/Photo Courtesy of Suzy Whittey

    For most of the year, black bears have a mostly vegetarian diet. They eat grasses, flowers and even the inner bark of trees. Learn more about the diverse eating habits of black bears…

  • Bats

    Bats have large ears and sharp teeth that help them catch and eat prey/Photo Courtesy of Jackie Ferrier

    The forests of Willapa National Wildlife Refuge are home to many species of bats. Bats roost in hollow trees, cavities made by other animals, and within and under the bark of large trees. Discover more about local bats…

  • Black-tailed Deer

    Black-tailed deer have a distinctive black forehead/Photo Courtesy of Dr. Madeline Kalbach

    A relative of the mule deer, black-tailed deer are a common site in neighbor hoods, meadows and forest edges. Uncover more about the sometimes shy black-tailed deer…

  • Coyote

    Coyotes have keen senses such as sharp eyesight, good hearing and strong nose/Photo Courtesy of Rollin Bannow

    This wild canine frequents open fields and dunes in the refuge where it hunts for mice and voles. Coyotes are generalists and will eat a varied diet, including fruits and berries. Learn more about this adaptable mammal…

  • Douglas' Squirrel

    Douglas' squirrels have nibble toes that help them grasp food/Photo Courtesy of Dr. Madeline Kalbach

    More often heard before it is seen, the Douglas’ squirrel has a loud chattering call. A forest resident, it primarily eats seeds and nuts. Discover how to identify this squirrel’s dinner table…

  • Harbor Seal

    Harbor seals can shut their nostils to avoid getting water in them when they dive/Photo Courtesy of Dr. Madeline Kalbach

    Built for an aquatic life, the harbor seal’s ears and nostrils can close to become watertight while underwater. Find out more about this graceful swimmer…

  • Long-tailed Weasel

    The long tailed weasel pounces on its prey then uses its long body to wrap around and trip prey/Photo Courtesy of www.nhptv.org

    The long-tailed weasel is occasional seen crossing roads or hunting in refuge fields. The long, slender body of this weasel helps it find and catch prey. Learn how it does it…

  • North American Porcupine

    The quills of this porcupine are modified hairs/Photo Courtesy of Suzy Whittey

    The quills of a porcupine are modified hairs. It is not true that these mammals can throw their quills when scared. Uncover the facts about porcupines…

  • Northern Raccoon

    Northern raccoons wear a distinctive black mask under white eyebrows/Photo Courtesy of Dr Madeline Kalbach

    The front feet of the northern raccoon are highly sensitive and help them find and eat a variety of foods at the refuge. Find out more about this black-masked mammal…

  • Northern River Otter

    Otters have a dense coat to help them stay warm and dry in their watery habitat/Photo Courtesy of Rollin Bannow

    One of the most playful refuge residents, river otters are generally found in pairs or families. Learn more about this charismatic hunter…

  • Roosevelt Elk

    Roosevelt elk are one of the largest mammals in Willapa National Wildlife Refuge/Photo Courtesy of Rollin Bannow

    This long-legged browser leaves evidence of its presence in nearly every refuge habitat. Visitors can find scat, tracks, scrapes and hair left behind by this mammal. Uncover more about Roosevelt elk…

  • Snowshoe Hare

    The snowshoe hares at Willapa National Wildlife Refueg do not turn white in the winter because it rarely snows here/Photo Courtesy of Dr. Madeline Kalbach

    Unlike their more northern cousins, the snowshoe hares living in the refuge do not turn white in the winter. Discover why the local hares are different…

  • Townsend's Chipmunk

    The Townsend's chipmunk is a highly active forager with stripes the length of its face and body/Photo Courtesy of Dr. Madeline Kalbach

    These small and industrious mammals are most often seen on the move. Find out why chipmunks are so busy…

  • Species List

    View a list of mammals found in or near the refuge...

Page Photo Credits — Roosevelt elk calf - ©Mark Johnson, American black bear - © Suzy Whittey, Bat - Jackie Ferrier/USFWS, Black-tailed deer - © Dr. Madeline Kalbach, Coyote - © Rollin Bannow, Douglas' squirrel - ©Dr. Madeline Kalbach, Harbor seal - ©Dr. Madeline Kalbach, Long-tailed weasel - clipart.com, North American porcupine - ©Suzy Whittey, Northern raccoon - ©Dr Madeline Kalbach, Northern river otter - ©Rollin Bannow, Roosevelt elk - ©Rollin Bannow, Snowshoe hare - ©Dr. Madeline Kalbach, Townsend's chipmunk - © Dr. Madeline Kalbach
Last Updated: Mar 20, 2013
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