The Montezuma National Wildlife Refuge offers abundant habitat for a variety of wildlife species that benefit from our management for migratory birds and threatened and endangered species. Sixteen species of amphibians and fifteen species of reptiles have been documented as using the refuge. Recent herpetological surveys conducted by refuge staff and volunteers reported nine species of frogs and one species of toads breeding on the refuge. The wetlands and vernal pools provide important egg-laying and nursery habitats for frogs and toads. In addition, these species can be excellent bio-indicators of environmental health and habitat changes.
Species reported during frog and toad call surveys during the 2012 and 2013 breeding seasons include: wood frog, spring peeper, western chorus frog, northern leopard frog, southern leopard frog, pickerel frog, gray treefrog, green frog, bullfrog, and American toad.
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Today, Montezuma National Wildlife Refuge boasts six active bald eagle nests. The infamous trio's nest can be viewed from Armitage Road, located off of NY State Route 89. The trio has nested on the refuge since 1987; the two males are from a reintroduction program conducted in the late 1970s.