Colonies are large plates or tables which are up to 25 mm thick and finely structured. Corallites are long, thin and tubular.
Sea Urchin and Giant Clam
Sea urchin, the small, spiny, globular animal and the the giant clam nestled among the coral.
Lace corals form ornate tree-like structures, with all the flattened, blunt-ended branches growing in one plane.
Colonies are dome-shaped or flat with thick walled and circular corallites and the polyps are fleshy and circular in outline.
Special Use Permits
Special Use Permits enable the public to engage in wildlife-related activities on a National Wildlife Refuge which would otherwise be prohibited.Special Use Permits
About the Complex
Kingman Reef NWR, in addition to nine other refuges, make up the Pacific Reefs Complex.
Kingman Reef is managed as part of the Pacific Reefs.
Learn more about the complex
About the NWRS
The National Wildlife Refuge System, within the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, manages a national network of lands and waters set aside to conserve America’s fish, wildlife, and plants.
Learn more about the NWRS
Visiting the Refuge
Kingman NWR is managed as a no-take marine protected area and is closed to the public. The Service does permit research and biological surveys on the refuge to further the understanding of the natural resources and to improve the management of these natural resources on the refuge or within the National Wildlife Refuge System. Refuge access is managed through the issuance of a Special Use Permit when the activity is deemed compatible and appropriate with the purposes of refuge establishment.
Found living on the surface of reefs or sand, or partly embedded in coral, the small giant clam occupies well lit areas, due to its symbiotic relationship with photosynthetic algae, which require sunlight for energy production.
Last Updated: Dec 04, 2013