Colonies are large plates or tables which are up to 25 mm thick and finely structured. Corallites are long, thin and tubular.
Sea Urchin and Giant Clam
Sea urchin, the small, spiny, globular animal and the the giant clam nestled among the coral.
Lace corals form ornate tree-like structures, with all the flattened, blunt-ended branches growing in one plane.
Colonies are dome-shaped or flat with thick walled and circular corallites and the polyps are fleshy and circular in outline.
Special Use Permits
Special Use Permits enable the public to engage in wildlife-related activities on a National Wildlife Refuge which would otherwise be prohibited.Special Use Permits
About the Complex
Kingman Reef NWR, in addition to nine other refuges, make up the Pacific Reefs Complex.
Kingman Reef is managed as part of the Pacific Reefs.
Learn more about the complex
About the NWRS
The National Wildlife Refuge System, within the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, manages a national network of lands and waters set aside to conserve America’s fish, wildlife, and plants.
Learn more about the NWRS
- July 23, 2014
The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, will host a Town Hall meeting on the possible expansion of the protections of the Pacific Remote Islands Marine National Monument in the south-central Pacific Ocean. The Town Hall discussion will be held on August 11 at the Ala Moana Hotel, Carnation Room, 410 Atkinson Drive Honolulu, from 5:00 – 7:00 pm. If you are unable to attend the Town Hall meeting and would like to comment, please send your comments to PRI@noaa.gov no later than August 15.
The Refuge is a part of the Pacific Remote Islands Monument, which was established in 2009 by President George W. Bush and encompasses 86,888 square miles of the ocean within its boundaries, which extend 50 nautical miles from the shores of small, uninhabited U.S. territories: Howland, Baker, and Jarvis Islands; Johnston, Wake, and Palmyra Atolls; and Kingman Reef. On June 17, 2014, President Obama announced his intention to consider expanding the protections of the Pacific Remote Islands Monument.
The removal of the shipwrecks and coral reef recovery work is one of the largest coral reef recovery projects in the Pacific Ocean.Reef Restoration Wreck Removal Project
Kingman NWR is managed as a no-take marine protected area and is closed to the public. The Service does permit research and biological surveys on the refuge to further the understanding of the natural resources and to improve the management of these natural resources on the refuge or within the National Wildlife Refuge System. Refuge access is managed through the issuance of a Special Use Permit when the activity is deemed compatible and appropriate with the purposes of refuge establishment.
Found living on the surface of reefs or sand, or partly embedded in coral, the small giant clam occupies well lit areas, due to its symbiotic relationship with photosynthetic algae, which require sunlight for energy production.
Last Updated: Jul 23, 2014