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Wildlife & Habitat

Pintail ducks taking off

With habitat types ranging from seasonal wetlands and riparian areas to upland oak savanna and Douglas-fir forest, William L. Finley National Wildlife Refuge is called home by more than 300 species of birds, mammals, fish, reptiles, and amphibians, a number of which represent declining populations and federally listed threatened or endangered species. 

  • Birds

    Wood Duck

    Designated as an Important Shorebird Migratory Stopover, William L. Finley provides refuge for shorebirds, but also for waterfowl, songbirds, raptors and more! Over 230 species of birds have been recorded on the Refuge. Follow the link for profiles of select species, the Willamette Valley Complex Bird List, and recent sightings. 

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  • Mammals


    Less commonly seen then other animals on the refuge, but just as show-stopping are mammals. Nearly 50 different mammal species have been recorded throughout the Willamette Valley Complex. At Finley, our most popular, and the largest, is the Roosevelt elk.

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  • Reptiles & Amphibians

    Garter Snake

    From the rough-skinned newt to the western pond turtle, Refuge amphibians and reptiles are always a fun sight to see. 

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  • Threatened & Endangered Species

    Bradshaw's Desert Parsley

    Since Finley NWR works to conserve a number of rare and disappearing habitats, it makes sense there are a number of threatened and endangered species found here that rely on these habitats for survival. Flowers, fish and butterflies listed as either endangered or threatened can be found at Finley NWR. 

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  • Habitats


    From rare habitats such as the disappearing wet prairie and oak savanna, to agricultural fields farmed for the use of Canada geese, Finley NWR provides a variety of opportunities to spot wildlife adapted to different habitat types. The refuge is a National Natural Landmark and contains 3 different Research Natural Areas--Willamette Floodplain RNA, Pigeon Butte RNA and Maple Knoll RNA. 

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Page Photo Credits — Pintail Ducks Taking Flight, © Mike Larsen, Wood Duck, George Gentry/USFWS, Long Tailed Weasel, George Gentry/USFWS, Garter Snake, George Gentry/USFWS, Refuge Wetland, George Gentry/USFWS
Last Updated: Aug 28, 2014
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