A New York state fishing license is required; freshwater license for north of Sunrise Highway and salt water (free) to the south.
You may fish from the shore north of Montauk Highway. South of Montauk requires a boat. Personal watercraft may not be launched or landed on the refuge. There is a small public boat ramp located just south of refuge property on the Brookhaven side of the river.
Canoes and kayaks can land at Indian Landing, on the east side of the river. The only other access to this site is by walking the Black Tupelo trail from the visitor center (approx. 1.5 miles).
Common fish species are striped bass, weakfish, brown trout, brook trout, rainbow trout, carp, largemouth bass and white perch.