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Wildlife & Habitat

Birds landing in a marsh

The Stillwater wetlands are well-known to birders because of the hundreds of thousands of shorebirds, such as Long-billed dowitcher, Black-necked stilt, and American avocet (above) passing through during migration (in a normal to above average water year). The refuge is an area of International Importance within the Western Hemispheric Shorebird Reserve Network (external link) 

  • Drought Likely Continues in 2016

    SPR drying500

    Nevada has gone through its fourth consecutive year of extreme drought in 2015, and Stillwater NWR had very limited water deliveries from the Truckee-Carson Irrigation District.  Water users in the Lahontan Valley received about 20% of their annual allotments between May and June. For Stillwater NWR, about 3000 acre-feet of water was delivered to the refuge sanctuary wetlands south of Division Road.  Very little surface water remains on these ponds as Winter begins. This will have an impact on wildlife, migratory birds and public use on the refuge. How severe the impacts will be, we don't know. Keep checking this site for updated information on decisions that may affect public use of the refuge.

    Please be aware you may see fish, wildlife or birds in distress due to drought conditions and for the most part, there will be nothing that can be done. If you notice any sick or dead birds near or in water, please notify refuge authorities immediately at 775/423-5128 or NV Dept of Wildlife at 775-423-3171.  Do not handle any sick or dead birds, but note location for refuge staff.

    Wildlife-dependent recreation appropriate for and permitted at Stillwater NWR includes: wildlife observation, hunting, environmental education, interpretation and photography. Even though the drought may impact your visit, there is still much to observe and learn from this wild place.  You will get a chance to observe how the web of life adapts and changes to these extremes. Nature has a way of figuring things out.

    The link below shows the most current map of refuge wetlands. Updates will be posted during the season as conditions change.  An excellent forecast explanation for Winter 2015-2016 in the Sierra is available through the National Weather Service, Reno NV office.

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  • Stillwater Sights and Sounds

    yellow headed bb

    Yellow-headed blackbirds are common migrants through the Stillwater marsh in spring and summer. Males stake out territories among the cattails to attract a female and build their nest. Red-wing and Brewers blackbirds also are common, along with thousands of songbirds, shorebirds, wading birds, raptors, and waterfowl in normal water years.

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  • Water is Life for Wetlands

    resouce mgmt page

    Stillwater NWR is irrigated from the Carson River through a series of canals and delivery ditches, operated by the Truckee-Carson Irrigation District in Fallon NV. The refuge is the largest water rights owner in the Lahontan Valley, and has an active Realty division which has Federal authority to purchase water rights from area landowners, through a 'willing seller/buyer' program. This helps to provide water critical to maintaining these unique desert wetlands. 

    In low water years, priority maintenance projects can be completed on water control structures, delivery canals, bridges and access roads. Watch for heavy equipment on the refuge during the week, especially in summer when dry conditions exist.  

    The link below connects to an outside website managed by a third party, WQ DataLive, and provides water flow readings from meters placed throughout the Lahontan Valley, including Stillwater NWR and the Fallon Paiute-Shoshone Tribal wetlands. Depending on water delivery, there may be no or very low readings for the water gauges operated by this system.  Stillwater NWR has staff gauges in most wetlands units that are checked more frequently. Results from staff gauge measurements are posted in the Drought section above. The USFWS is not responsible for the accuracy of data posted on the WQDataLive website.

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Last Updated: Dec 11, 2015
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