There are tremendous opportunities to boat or paddle at the refuge. Small motorboats and kayaks may access refuge units such as Outer Island and Sheffield Island very easily, as good docking facilities are available there during the summer. On refuge units where there are currently no docks, such as Chimon Island and Calf Island, kayakers may pull up to the open beaches and explore the refuge from there.
Paddling through the Salt Meadow Unit and the Great Meadows Unit during bird migration periods or fall foliage time is also highly recommended.
There is no fishing access directly from the refuge. However, Gatchen Creek and the Menunketesuck River adjacent to the Salt Meadow Unit of the refuge, provide good areas for crabbing and kayaking. These areas may be accessed from the public boat launch on Rt. 145 in Westbrook. Fishing near the Milford Point Unit is popular, but fishermen and fisherwomen are asked to obey all posted signs and closed areas on the refuge.