The Refuge's rolling prairie grasslands, woodlands, and wetland areas attract raptors, migrating waterfowl and songbirds, and a variety of mammals including elk, deer, coyotes, and more.
The diverse habitats of the Refuge and its connectivity with other open spaces support a variety of mammals.
More than 185 species of migratory birds have been recorded at the Refuge, of which about 75 are believed to breed at the site.
More than 630 plant species are found in the prairie, shrubland, woodland, and wetland habitats.
The Refuge is home to hundreds of species of invertebrates, many of which are important pollinators of native grasses and flowers.
The prairie and wetland habitats support small numbers of reptiles and amphibians.
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Rocky Flats National Wildlife Refuge was established in part to preserve and protect more than 630 species of plants including rare xeric tallgrass prairie