The refuge’s forest habitat is comprised of about 1,771 acres of loblolly pines, 1,563 acres of hardwood and mixed forest trees, and 453 acres of riparian/wet hardwood forest. Forested areas are monitored for invasive species and disease. Treatment includes mechanical removal and the application of herbicide when necessary. In effort to restore forested areas on the refuge, tree planting activities have occurred on the Wilna, Tayloe, and Wellford Units. Planted areas are left to mature and eventually convert to mixed pine and hardwoods.