The refuge’s forested riparian habitats along the Rappahannock River is the proud home to nesting and roosting bald eagles. Bald eagle habitat protection and enhancement remains a high priority as it is one of the purposes for the establishment of the refuge. Although bald eagles can be found on the refuge all year, the months of December, January, and February provide the best opportunity to view a large amount of wintering eagles.
The forest habitats on and surrounding the refuge are used by at least 37 bird species of conservation concern. During the breeding season (May/June/July) Louisiana waterthrush, ovenbird, worm-eating warblers, yellow-throated vireo, wood thrush, scarlet tanager, chuck-will’s widow, whip-poor-will, eastern towhee, and brown thrasher are frequently observed.