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Biological Surveys

Geese staff 512Several types of surveys are undertaken throughout the year.  These help us to understand population sizes, trends, changes over time, or simply provide us a baseline of information.

Regular Surveys

The following are examples, and results, of surveys conducted at Quivira.

Waterfowl Surveys 

Refuge-wide estimates of waterfowl (geese, ducks, swans, etc.) are conducted from September through April.  These surveys are not on a set schedule but are held on average once every two weeks.  Counts of Sandhill Cranes, White Pelicans, and Bald Eagles are usually included on these surveys. 

Blue-winged Teal 448 

Waterfowl Survey, most recent:  Saturday, March 30, 2014  (next survey will be in the fall)

Species   Count (estimate) 
Gr. White-fronted Goose 20
Snow/Ross' Goose 45
Cackling Goose 0
Canada Goose 6
unk. goose 0
Wood Duck 0
Gadwall 28
American Wigeon 10
Mallard 55
Blue-winged Teal 20
Green-winged Teal 220
Cinnamon Teal 1
Teal, sp. 0
Northern Shoveler 50
Northern Pintail 100
Canvasback 2
Redhead 32
Ring-necked Duck 15
Lesser Scaup 100
Bufflehead 120
Common Goldeneye 6
Hooded Merganser 4
Common Merganser 1
Ruddy Duck 2000
ducks, sp. 0
 TOTAL GEESE  71 
TOTAL DUCKS   2,764 
   
Other Birds   
Sandhill Crane 2,500
White Pelican 12
American Coot 54
Western Grebe 0
Eared Grebe 0
Pied-billed Grebe 0
Tundra Swan 9
Double-crested Cormorant 0
Bald Eagle 2

Shorebird Surveys 

Refuge-wide surveys of shorebirds are conducted from mid-March through early June, and again from late June through October.   Depending on water conditions, shorebirds can occur throughout the Refuge, but are particularly abundant in and near Big Salt Marsh.

Wilson's Phalarope 448 

Shorebird Survey, most recent:  Tuesday, August 26, 2014


 Species  Count 
Black-bellied Plover 3
American Golden Plover 1
pluvialis, sp. plover 0
Snowy Plover 6
Semipalmated Plover 0
Piping Plover 0
Killdeer 105
Black-necked Stilt 58
American Avocet 949
Greater Yellowlegs 122
Lesser Yellowlegs 73
yellowlegs, sp. 203
Solitary Sandpiper 1
Willet 2
Spotted Sandpiper 12
Upland Sandpiper 0
Marbled Godwit 6
Hudsonian Godwit 0
Sanderling 1
Semipalmated Sandpiper 38
Western Sandpiper 2
Least Sandpiper 69
White-rumped Sandpiper                  0
Baird's Sandpiper 37
Pectoral Sandpiper 3
Dunlin 0
Stilt Sandpiper 128
Buff-breasted Sandpiper 0
Short-billed Dowitcher 0
Long-billed Dowitcher 0
Dowitcher, sp. 62
Wilson's Snipe 0
Wilson's Phalarope 1545
Red-necked Phalarope 0
Peep, sp. 2116
Ruddy Turnstone 3
Long-billed Curlew 0
unidentified shorebirds 2
Whimbrel 0
 Number of Species   22 
Number of Individuals   5,547 


 

North American Migration Count (NAMC) 

A county-by-county survey conducted the second Saturday each May, the NAMC is a volunteer-run count.  Typically, the count covers Quivira, but additional areas in the county (such as area towns) are frequently checked.  Check back here in 2013 for the latest results.


 

Christmas Bird Count (CBC)

An all-day count held annually in mid-December, this is a group effort to find as many birds as possible within a 15-mile diameter circle, centered in the middle of Quivira.  As many as a hundred species (and several million birds) have been recorded in past years.  Quivira's first CBC was held in 1959, and the count has been conducted annually since except for 1966 and 1982.

Christmas Bird Count, Quivira, 16 December 2013

Note:  CW = seen during the count week, but not on count day; bold type denotes an unusual species to the count.

Species  Number 
Greater White-fronted Goose 150
Snow Goose 7,950
Ross' Goose 120
Cackling Goose 275
Canada Goose 850
Gadwall CW
American Wigeon CW
Mallard 650
Northern Pintail 2
Green-winged Teal CW
Common Goldeneye CW
Common Merganser CW
Hooded Merganser CW
Northern Bobwhite 74
Ring-necked Pheasant 37
Wild Turkey 80
Great Blue Heron 10
Black-crowned Night Heron  1
Bald Eagle 55
Northern Harrier 71
Sharp-shinned Hawk 7
Cooper's Hawk 3
Red-tailed Hawk 71
Red-tailed (Harlan's) Hawk 7
Ferruginous Hawk 2
Rough-legged Hawk 16
American Kestrel 32
Merlin 3
Prairie Falcon 6
Virginia Rail 2
Sandhill Crane 270
Killdeer 1
Greater Yellowlegs CW
Ring-billed Gull 9
Rock Pigeon 7
Eurasian Collared Dove   20
Mourning Dove 28
Common Barn Owl 1
Eastern Screech Owl 4
Great Horned Owl 13
Barred Owl CW
Belted Kingfisher 1
Red-bellied Woodpecker 32
Downy Woodpecker 41
Hairy Woodpecker 10
Northern Flicker 139
Northern Flicker (Red-shafted) 14
Loggerhead Shrike 20
Northern Shrike 6
American Crow 10
Horned Lark 108
White-breasted Nuthatch 8
Winter Wren 1
Sedge Wren 1
Marsh Wren 9
Ruby-crowned Kinglet CW
Eastern Bluebird 119
Mountain Bluebird  40
Townsend's Solitaire  2
American Robin 213
Northern Mockingbird 13
European Starling 425
Cedar Waxwing 6
Lapland Longspur 127
Yellow-rumped Warbler 15
Spotted Towhee 5
Eastern Towhee  1 
American Tree Sparrow 1388
Field Sparrow 1
Savannah Sparrow 8
Fox Sparrow 6
Song Sparrow 83
Swamp Sparrow 3
Harris' Sparrow 675
White-crowned Sparrow 7
Dark-eyed Junco 673
Dark-eyed (Gray-headed) Junco  CW
Northern Cardinal 72
Red-winged Blackbird 4500
Eastern Meadowlark 9
Western Meadowlark 352
meadowlark, sp. 441
Brewer's Blackbird 1586
House Finch 7
American Goldfinch 87
House Sparrow 75
Total Species  74 
Total Individuals  22141 
Additional Count Week Species 0

 

 

Breeding Bird Surveys

Most years, a Breeding Bird Survey (BBS) route is conducted twice during early summer (usually June).  This is done along a 25-mile route, with stops every half mile, where all birds seen and heard are recorded.

Lark Sparrow 448 

 

 

  Breeding Bird Survey, conducted 24 June 2014 (preliminary/unofficial totals)

Species

 
 

Number of spots

 

 

Number of birds

 
Canada Goose 0 0
Wood Duck 1 1
Mallard 2 4
Blue-winged Teal 2 9
Redhead 0 0
Ruddy Duck 0 0
Ring-necked Pheasant 17 19
Wild Turkey 1 1
Northern Bobwhite 18 25
Double-crested Cormorant 1 1
Great Blue Heron 5 15
Great Egret 5 36
Snowy Egret 3 8
Cattle Egret 1 37
Black-crowned Night Heron 0 0
Turkey Vulture 1 1
Bald Eagle 0      0
Swainson's Hawk 0 0
Red-tailed Hawk 4 5
American Kestrel 1 1
Virginia Rail 1 1
American Coot 1 1
Snowy Plover 3 45
Killdeer 17 25
Black-necked Stilt 3 7
American Avocet 2 16
Upland Sandpiper 1 1
Franklin's Gull 0 0
Least Tern 3 11
Black Tern 2 13
Mourning Dove 24 60
Yellow-billed Cuckoo 3 3
Chimney Swift 0 0
Great Horned Owl 2 2
Common Nighthawk 4 10
Red-headed Woodpecker 7 8
Red-bellied Woodpecker 1 1
Downy Woodpecker 0 0
Hairy Woodpecker 0 0
Northern Flicker 6 7
Eastern Phoebe 1 1
Great Crested Flycatcher 4 4
Western Kingbird 10 12
Eastern Kingbird 27 28
Scissor-tailed Flycatcher 0 0
Bell's Vireo 6 7
Warbling Vireo 5 5
Red-eyed Vireo 1 1
American Crow 0 0
Blue Jay 6 7
Tree Swallow 4 5
Cliff Swallow 18 207
Barn Swallow 4 18
House Wren 13 19
Eastern Bluebird 3 3
American Robin 3 4
Northern Mockingbird 7 7
Brown Thrasher 7 9
European Starling 5 111
Yellow Warbler 6 6
Common Yellowthroat 5 6
Cassin's Sparrow 1 1
Field Sparrow 1 1
Lark Sparrow 5 9
Grasshopper Sparrow 2 2
Northern Cardinal 3 3
Blue Grosbeak 4 4
Dickcissel 42 123
Red-winged Blackbird 22 225
Eastern Meadowlark 37 93
Western Meadowlark 6 8
Yellow-headed Blackbird 1 3
Common Grackle 2 5
Brown-headed Cowbird 11 12
Orchard Oriole 15 20
Baltimore Oriole 26 40
American Goldfinch 3 5
Lesser Yellowlegs 1 4
Rose-breasted Grosbeak  1 1
     
Total Species   71    
Total Birds   1,433   
     
Last Updated: Aug 27, 2014
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