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Biological Surveys

Geese staff 512Several types of surveys are undertaken throughout the year.  These help us to understand population sizes, trends, changes over time, or simply provide us a baseline of information.

Regular Surveys

The following are examples, and results, of surveys conducted at Quivira.

Waterfowl Surveys 

Refuge-wide estimates of waterfowl (geese, ducks, swans, etc.) are conducted from September through April.  These surveys are not on a set schedule but are held on average once every two weeks.  Counts of Sandhill Cranes, White Pelicans, and Bald Eagles are usually included on these surveys. 

Blue-winged Teal 448

Waterfowl Survey, most recent:  Thursday, September 25 2014  (next survey will be in the fall)

Species  Count (estimate)
Gr. White-fronted Goose 0
Snow/Ross' Goose 0
Cackling Goose 0
Canada Goose 200
unk. goose 0
Wood Duck 9
Gadwall 25
American Wigeon 25
Mallard 309
Blue-winged Teal 5,643
Green-winged Teal 30
Cinnamon Teal 0
Teal, sp. 180
Northern Shoveler 2,670
Northern Pintail 4
Canvasback 0
Redhead 32
Ring-necked Duck 0
Lesser Scaup 0
Bufflehead 0
Common Goldeneye 0
Hooded Merganser 0
Common Merganser 0
Ruddy Duck 0
ducks, sp. 6720
 TOTAL GEESE  200
TOTAL DUCKS  15,647
   
Other Birds  
Sandhill Crane 0
White Pelican 400
American Coot 300
Western Grebe 0
Eared Grebe 0
Pied-billed Grebe 50
Tundra Swan 0
Double-crested Cormorant 5
Bald Eagle 1J

Shorebird Surveys 

Refuge-wide surveys of shorebirds are conducted from mid-March through early June, and again from late June through October.   Depending on water conditions, shorebirds can occur throughout the Refuge, but are particularly abundant in and near Big Salt Marsh.

Wilson's Phalarope 448

Shorebird Survey, most recent:  Tuesday, September 23, 2014


 Species Count
Black-bellied Plover 8
American Golden Plover 0
pluvialis, sp. plover 0
Snowy Plover 0
Semipalmated Plover 4
Piping Plover 0
Killdeer 31
Black-necked Stilt 10
American Avocet 1199
Greater Yellowlegs 194
Lesser Yellowlegs 287
yellowlegs, sp. 16
Solitary Sandpiper 0
Willet 1
Spotted Sandpiper 3
Upland Sandpiper 0
Marbled Godwit 2
Hudsonian Godwit 0
Sanderling 26
Semipalmated Sandpiper 66
Western Sandpiper 0
Least Sandpiper 1264
White-rumped Sandpiper                  0
Baird's Sandpiper 53
Pectoral Sandpiper 6
Dunlin 0
Stilt Sandpiper 641
Buff-breasted Sandpiper 0
Short-billed Dowitcher 0
Long-billed Dowitcher 0
Dowitcher, sp. 963
Wilson's Snipe 4
Wilson's Phalarope 32
Red-necked Phalarope 10
Peep, sp. 1653
Ruddy Turnstone 0
Long-billed Curlew 0
unidentified shorebirds 0
Whimbrel 0
 Number of Species  20
Number of Individuals  6,473

 

North American Migration Count (NAMC) 

A county-by-county survey conducted the second Saturday each May, the NAMC is a volunteer-run count.  Typically, the count covers Quivira, but additional areas in the county (such as area towns) are frequently checked.  Check back here in 2013 for the latest results.

 

Christmas Bird Count (CBC)

An all-day count held annually in mid-December, this is a group effort to find as many birds as possible within a 15-mile diameter circle, centered in the middle of Quivira.  As many as a hundred species (and several million birds) have been recorded in past years.  Quivira's first CBC was held in 1959, and the count has been conducted annually since except for 1966 and 1982.

Christmas Bird Count, Quivira, 16 December 2013

Note:  CW = seen during the count week, but not on count day; bold type denotes an unusual species to the count.

Species Number
Greater White-fronted Goose 150
Snow Goose 7,950
Ross' Goose 120
Cackling Goose 275
Canada Goose 850
Gadwall CW
American Wigeon CW
Mallard 650
Northern Pintail 2
Green-winged Teal CW
Common Goldeneye CW
Common Merganser CW
Hooded Merganser CW
Northern Bobwhite 74
Ring-necked Pheasant 37
Wild Turkey 80
Great Blue Heron 10
Black-crowned Night Heron 1
Bald Eagle 55
Northern Harrier 71
Sharp-shinned Hawk 7
Cooper's Hawk 3
Red-tailed Hawk 71
Red-tailed (Harlan's) Hawk 7
Ferruginous Hawk 2
Rough-legged Hawk 16
American Kestrel 32
Merlin 3
Prairie Falcon 6
Virginia Rail 2
Sandhill Crane 270
Killdeer 1
Greater Yellowlegs CW
Ring-billed Gull 9
Rock Pigeon 7
Eurasian Collared Dove  20
Mourning Dove 28
Common Barn Owl 1
Eastern Screech Owl 4
Great Horned Owl 13
Barred Owl CW
Belted Kingfisher 1
Red-bellied Woodpecker 32
Downy Woodpecker 41
Hairy Woodpecker 10
Northern Flicker 139
Northern Flicker (Red-shafted) 14
Loggerhead Shrike 20
Northern Shrike 6
American Crow 10
Horned Lark 108
White-breasted Nuthatch 8
Winter Wren 1
Sedge Wren 1
Marsh Wren 9
Ruby-crowned Kinglet CW
Eastern Bluebird 119
Mountain Bluebird 40
Townsend's Solitaire 2
American Robin 213
Northern Mockingbird 13
European Starling 425
Cedar Waxwing 6
Lapland Longspur 127
Yellow-rumped Warbler 15
Spotted Towhee 5
Eastern Towhee 1
American Tree Sparrow 1388
Field Sparrow 1
Savannah Sparrow 8
Fox Sparrow 6
Song Sparrow 83
Swamp Sparrow 3
Harris' Sparrow 675
White-crowned Sparrow 7
Dark-eyed Junco 673
Dark-eyed (Gray-headed) Junco CW
Northern Cardinal 72
Red-winged Blackbird 4500
Eastern Meadowlark 9
Western Meadowlark 352
meadowlark, sp. 441
Brewer's Blackbird 1586
House Finch 7
American Goldfinch 87
House Sparrow 75
Total Species 74
Total Individuals 22141
Additional Count Week Species 0

 

 

Breeding Bird Surveys

Most years, a Breeding Bird Survey (BBS) route is conducted twice during early summer (usually June).  This is done along a 25-mile route, with stops every half mile, where all birds seen and heard are recorded.

Lark Sparrow 448

 

 

  Breeding Bird Survey, conducted 24 June 2014 (preliminary/unofficial totals)

Species

 

Number of spots

 

 

Number of birds

Canada Goose 0 0
Wood Duck 1 1
Mallard 2 4
Blue-winged Teal 2 9
Redhead 0 0
Ruddy Duck 0 0
Ring-necked Pheasant 17 19
Wild Turkey 1 1
Northern Bobwhite 18 25
Double-crested Cormorant 1 1
Great Blue Heron 5 15
Great Egret 5 36
Snowy Egret 3 8
Cattle Egret 1 37
Black-crowned Night Heron 0 0
Turkey Vulture 1 1
Bald Eagle 0      0
Swainson's Hawk 0 0
Red-tailed Hawk 4 5
American Kestrel 1 1
Virginia Rail 1 1
American Coot 1 1
Snowy Plover 3 45
Killdeer 17 25
Black-necked Stilt 3 7
American Avocet 2 16
Upland Sandpiper 1 1
Franklin's Gull 0 0
Least Tern 3 11
Black Tern 2 13
Mourning Dove 24 60
Yellow-billed Cuckoo 3 3
Chimney Swift 0 0
Great Horned Owl 2 2
Common Nighthawk 4 10
Red-headed Woodpecker 7 8
Red-bellied Woodpecker 1 1
Downy Woodpecker 0 0
Hairy Woodpecker 0 0
Northern Flicker 6 7
Eastern Phoebe 1 1
Great Crested Flycatcher 4 4
Western Kingbird 10 12
Eastern Kingbird 27 28
Scissor-tailed Flycatcher 0 0
Bell's Vireo 6 7
Warbling Vireo 5 5
Red-eyed Vireo 1 1
American Crow 0 0
Blue Jay 6 7
Tree Swallow 4 5
Cliff Swallow 18 207
Barn Swallow 4 18
House Wren 13 19
Eastern Bluebird 3 3
American Robin 3 4
Northern Mockingbird 7 7
Brown Thrasher 7 9
European Starling 5 111
Yellow Warbler 6 6
Common Yellowthroat 5 6
Cassin's Sparrow 1 1
Field Sparrow 1 1
Lark Sparrow 5 9
Grasshopper Sparrow 2 2
Northern Cardinal 3 3
Blue Grosbeak 4 4
Dickcissel 42 123
Red-winged Blackbird 22 225
Eastern Meadowlark 37 93
Western Meadowlark 6 8
Yellow-headed Blackbird 1 3
Common Grackle 2 5
Brown-headed Cowbird 11 12
Orchard Oriole 15 20
Baltimore Oriole 26 40
American Goldfinch 3 5
Lesser Yellowlegs 1 4
Rose-breasted Grosbeak 1 1
     
Total Species  71  
Total Birds  1,433  
     
Last Updated: Sep 25, 2014
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