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Biological Surveys

Geese staff 512Several types of surveys are undertaken throughout the year.  These help us to understand population sizes, trends, changes over time, or simply provide us a baseline of information.

Regular Surveys

The following are examples, and results, of surveys conducted at Quivira.

Waterfowl Surveys 

Refuge-wide estimates of waterfowl (geese, ducks, swans, etc.) are conducted from September through April.  These surveys are not on a set schedule but are held on average once every two weeks.  Counts of Sandhill Cranes, White Pelicans, and Bald Eagles are usually included on these surveys. 

Blue-winged Teal 448

Waterfowl Survey, most recent: Tuesday, March 17, 2015  (Note:  surveys will resume in fall 2015)

Species  Count (estimate)
Gr. White-fronted Goose 0
Snow/Ross' Goose 0
Cackling Goose 0
Canada Goose 5
unk. goose 0
Wood Duck 0
Gadwall 1220
American Wigeon 447
Mallard 1773
Blue-winged Teal 3
Green-winged Teal 3093
Cinnamon Teal 1
Teal, sp. 0
Northern Shoveler 658
Northern Pintail 3966
Canvasback 6
Redhead 711
Ring-necked Duck 13
Lesser Scaup 0
Bufflehead 168
Common Goldeneye 44
Hooded Merganser 4
Common Merganser 20
Ruddy Duck 200
ducks, sp. 300
 TOTAL GEESE  5
TOTAL DUCKS  12,627
   
Other Birds  
Sandhill Crane 1,000
White Pelican 0
American Coot 387
Western Grebe 0
Eared Grebe 0
Horned Grebe 0
Pied-billed Grebe 0
Tundra Swan 2
Double-crested Cormorant 0
Bald Eagle 1

Shorebird Surveys 

Refuge-wide surveys of shorebirds are conducted from mid-March through early June, and again from late June through October.   Depending on water conditions, shorebirds can occur throughout the Refuge, but are particularly abundant in and near Big Salt Marsh.

Wilson's Phalarope 448

Shorebird Survey, most recent:  Tuesday, July 28, 2015


 Species Count
Black-necked Stilt 52
American Avocet 788
Black-bellied Plover 0
American Golden Plover 0
pluvialis, sp. plover 0
Snowy Plover 126
Semipalmated Plover 2
Piping Plover 0
Killdeer 405
Spotted Sandpiper 27
Solitary Sandpiper 6
Greater Yellowlegs 85
Willet 0
Lesser Yellowlegs 416
yellowlegs, sp. 50
Upland Sandpiper 0
Long-billed Curlew 0
Marbled Godwit 4
Hudsonian Godwit 0
Ruddy Turnstone 0
Stilt Sandpiper 632
Sanderling 0
Baird's Sandpiper 149
Least Sandpiper 150
Buff-breasted Sandpiper 0
Pectoral Sandpiper 4
Semipalmated Sandpiper 212
Western Sandpiper 6
White-rumped Sandpiper                  0
Dunlin 0
Short-billed Dowitcher 0
Long-billed Dowitcher 14
Dowitcher, sp. 77
Wilson's Snipe 0
Wilson's Phalarope 425
Red-necked Phalarope 0
Peep, sp. 3,200
unidentified shorebirds 40
Whimbrel 0
 Number of Species  18
Number of Individuals  6,870

 

North American Migration Count (NAMC) 

A county-by-county survey conducted the second Saturday each May, the NAMC is a volunteer-run count.  Typically, the count covers Quivira, but additional areas in the county (such as area towns) are frequently checked.  Check back here in 2013 for the latest results.

 

Christmas Bird Count (CBC)

An all-day count held annually in mid-December, this is a group effort to find as many birds as possible within a 15-mile diameter circle, centered in the middle of Quivira.  As many as a hundred species (and several million birds) have been recorded in past years.  Quivira's first CBC was held in 1959, and the count has been conducted annually since except for 1966 and 1982.

Christmas Bird Count, Quivira, 16 December 2014

Note:  CW = seen during the count week, but not on count day; bold type denotes an unusual species to the count.

Species Number
Greater White-fronted Goose 160
Snow Goose 42,000
Ross' Goose 300
Cackling Goose 120
Canada Goose 1,500
Gadwall 1
American Wigeon 4
Mallard 1,850
Northern Shoveler 1
Northern Pintail 138
Green-winged Teal 27
Redhead 7
Ring-necked Duck 13
Lesser Scaup 7
Bufflehead 4
Common Goldeneye 175
Common Merganser 74
Northern Bobwhite 91
Ring-necked Pheasant 14
Wild Turkey 178
Great Blue Heron 14
White-faced Ibis 1
Bald Eagle 27
Northern Harrier 91
Sharp-shinned Hawk 2
Cooper's Hawk 3
Red-tailed Hawk 103
Red-tailed (Harlan's) Hawk 2
Ferruginous Hawk 1
Rough-legged Hawk 1
American Kestrel 45
Merlin 2
Prairie Falcon 2
Virginia Rail 4
American Coot 1
Dunlin CW
Bonaparte's Gull 1
Ring-billed Gull 130
Herring Gull 6
Rock Pigeon 9
Eurasian Collared Dove  9
Mourning Dove 66
Eastern Screech Owl 6
Great Horned Owl 24
Barred Owl 2
Short-eared Owl 5
Belted Kingfisher 3
Red-bellied Woodpecker 26
Yellow-bellied Sapsucker 5
Downy Woodpecker 19
Hairy Woodpecker 7
Northern Flicker 150
Northern Flicker (Red-shafted) 30
Loggerhead Shrike 7
Blue Jay 1
American Crow 15
Horned Lark 115
White-breasted Nuthatch 14
Black-capped Chickadee 1
Sedge Wren CW
Marsh Wren 3
Carolina Wren 4
Golden-crowned Kinglet 5
Ruby-crowned Kinglet 1
Eastern Bluebird 74
Mountain Bluebird 18
Hermit Thrush 2
American Robin 190
Northern Mockingbird 7
European Starling 425
Cedar Waxwing 8
Lapland Longspur 10
Yellow-rumped Warbler 21
Spotted Towhee 1
American Tree Sparrow 14,061
Field Sparrow 9
Savannah Sparrow 4
Fox Sparrow 5
Song Sparrow 38
Harris' Sparrow 325
White-crowned Sparrow 55
Dark-eyed Junco 560
Northern Cardinal 42
Red-winged Blackbird 2,500
Eastern Meadowlark 8
Western Meadowlark 81
meadowlark, sp. 336
Brewer's Blackbird 2,408
Brown-headed Cowbird 33
Purple Finch 1
House Finch 66
Pine Siskin 9
American Goldfinch 141
House Sparrow 37
Total Species 89
Total Individuals 75,428
Additional Count Week Species 0

 

 

Breeding Bird Surveys

Most years, a Breeding Bird Survey (BBS) route is conducted twice during early summer (usually June).  This is done along a 25-mile route, with stops every half mile, where all birds seen and heard are recorded.

Lark Sparrow 448

 

 

  Breeding Bird Survey, conducted 24 June 2014 (preliminary/unofficial totals)

Species

 

Number of spots

 

 

Number of birds

Canada Goose 0 0
Wood Duck 1 1
Mallard 2 4
Blue-winged Teal 2 9
Redhead 0 0
Ruddy Duck 0 0
Ring-necked Pheasant 17 19
Wild Turkey 1 1
Northern Bobwhite 18 25
Double-crested Cormorant 1 1
Great Blue Heron 5 15
Great Egret 5 36
Snowy Egret 3 8
Cattle Egret 1 37
Black-crowned Night Heron 0 0
Turkey Vulture 1 1
Bald Eagle 0      0
Swainson's Hawk 0 0
Red-tailed Hawk 4 5
American Kestrel 1 1
Virginia Rail 1 1
American Coot 1 1
Snowy Plover 3 45
Killdeer 17 25
Black-necked Stilt 3 7
American Avocet 2 16
Upland Sandpiper 1 1
Franklin's Gull 0 0
Least Tern 3 11
Black Tern 2 13
Mourning Dove 24 60
Yellow-billed Cuckoo 3 3
Chimney Swift 0 0
Great Horned Owl 2 2
Common Nighthawk 4 10
Red-headed Woodpecker 7 8
Red-bellied Woodpecker 1 1
Downy Woodpecker 0 0
Hairy Woodpecker 0 0
Northern Flicker 6 7
Eastern Phoebe 1 1
Great Crested Flycatcher 4 4
Western Kingbird 10 12
Eastern Kingbird 27 28
Scissor-tailed Flycatcher 0 0
Bell's Vireo 6 7
Warbling Vireo 5 5
Red-eyed Vireo 1 1
American Crow 0 0
Blue Jay 6 7
Tree Swallow 4 5
Cliff Swallow 18 207
Barn Swallow 4 18
House Wren 13 19
Eastern Bluebird 3 3
American Robin 3 4
Northern Mockingbird 7 7
Brown Thrasher 7 9
European Starling 5 111
Yellow Warbler 6 6
Common Yellowthroat 5 6
Cassin's Sparrow 1 1
Field Sparrow 1 1
Lark Sparrow 5 9
Grasshopper Sparrow 2 2
Northern Cardinal 3 3
Blue Grosbeak 4 4
Dickcissel 42 123
Red-winged Blackbird 22 225
Eastern Meadowlark 37 93
Western Meadowlark 6 8
Yellow-headed Blackbird 1 3
Common Grackle 2 5
Brown-headed Cowbird 11 12
Orchard Oriole 15 20
Baltimore Oriole 26 40
American Goldfinch 3 5
Lesser Yellowlegs 1 4
Rose-breasted Grosbeak 1 1
     
Total Species  71  
Total Birds  1,433  
     
Last Updated: Jul 28, 2015
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