The Long Island National Wildlife Refuge Complex consists of seven national wildlife refuges, two refuge sub-units and one wildlife management area. Collectively, the ten units are approximately 6,500 acres in size. Each unit is unique and provides a wildlife oasis amongst Long Island’s urban settings essential for the livelihood of migratory birds, threatened and endangered species, fish and other wildlife. The strategic location of Long Island in the Long Island Pine Barrens & along the Atlantic Flyway make it an important nesting, wintering and migratory stop over area for hundreds of species of birds.
As part of the National Wildlife Refuge System managed by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service we are committed to managing and conserving habitat for wildlife. We also provide opportunities to observe wildlife through offering recreational and educational programs and facilities. Please respect the plants, animals and their habitats while visiting your National Wildlife Refuges.Visit the websites for the refuges in the Long Island complex:
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Oyster Bay has the greatest winter waterfowl use of any of the Long Island national wildlife refuges. The numbers of waterfowl using Oyster Bay are lowest from May through August, and start to increase in September and October. Puddle ducks such as black ducks, gadwall, and mallards start migrating to the refuge in early autumn, and their diversity begins to increase in November. Waterfowl numbers peak and remain high from December through March, then decline in April.