Badgers are most commonly found near their den sites, which are often constructed on the tops of hills in soft soils. They are carnivorous and primarily feed on small mammals, but will also consume ground nesting birds in the spring and summer. Badgers are extraordinary diggers, and often catch their prey underground. In the cold winter months of Modoc county, badgers go into a state of "torpor", which entails lowering of the body temperature and virtually no activity. Once active again in the spring, females awake and prepare for giving birth, during which they will have a litter of between 1 and 5 offspring.
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Great horned owls are a year round resident of Modoc NWR, and can often be seen perched in cottonwoods or enjoying the shade under large sage brush.